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Respiratory Revserse defs and words

cystic fibrosis a hereditory disease of the exocrine glands affecting the respiratory system, pancreas, and sweat glands
diaphragm a large muscle located between the chest and the abdominal wall
rhonchus abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway
crackle abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia or when air enters moisture filled alveoli: also called rale
anoxia absence of oxygen in tissues
anosima absence of sense of smell
pulmonary edema accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli most commonly caused by heart failure
corticosteroids act on the immune systems by blocking production of substances that trigger allertic and inflammatory actions
pertusis (whooping cough) acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a whoop sound.
coryza acute inflammation of the membranes of the nose; also called a head cold or upper respira tory infection
sputum an abnormal viscous fluid formed in the lower respiratory tract often contains blood, pus and bacteria
tuberculosis an infectious disease caused by inhaling viable tubercle bacilli
pneumonia an inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses,disease and chemicals
stethoscope an instrument used in auscultation
tonsillotome an instrucment used to cut the tonsils
antihistamines block histamines from binding with histamine receptors sites in tissues
pulmonary embolism blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by mass of undissolved matter
hemothorax blood in the chest cavity
histamines body substances that dilate blood vessels, causing swelling and inflammation in nasal passages
bronchistasis chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi
atelectasis collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic adn affect all or part of a lung
pneumothorax collection of air in the pleural cavity
adenoids collection of lymphatic tissue within nasopharynx
palatine tonsils collection of lympatic tissue withing the oropharynx
croup common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and sometimes lungs
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) completely unexpected and unexplained death of any apparently normal, healthy infant. Usually less than 12 months of age. AKA crib death
asphyxia condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
hypercapnia condition of an increase of carbon dioxide in the blood
hemoptysis condition of spitting up blood
respiratory system consists of organs that are responsible for he breathing process
decongestants constrict blood vessels of nasal passages and limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink so that air can pass more freely
antibiotics destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria by disrupting their membranes or one or more of their metabolic processes
dysphonia difficulty in speaking; hoarseness
dyspnea difficulty in breathing
pneumoconiosis disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust, iron dust, asbestos aka miner's lung.
deviated nasal septum displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils and causes reduced air flow and nosebleeds
finger clubbing enlargement of terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes commonly associated with pulmonary disease
acidosis excessive acidity of body fluids
pneumectomy excision of a lung or a portion of the lung
pleurectomy excision of the pleura, usually parietial pleura
eupnea good breathing
cilia hair like structure
stridor high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper air way
hyperpnea increased breathing, deeper than normal
sinusitis inflammation of the sinus
pleurisy inflammation of the pleural membrane
pharyngoscope instrument used to view the throat
Mantoux test intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen
expectorants liquefy respiratory secretions so that they are more easily dislodge during coughing episodes
aerosol therapy lung treatment using various techniques to deliver medications in mist form directly to the lungs
sweat test measure the amount of salt in sweat. Used to diagnose cystic fibrosis
postural drainage method of positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from bronchi and lobes of lungs
sputum culture microbial test used to identify disease causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract especially pneumonia
CTPA minimally invasive imaging that combines computed tomograghy scanning and angiography to produce images of the pulmonary arteries
mucous membranes moist tissue layer lining hollow organs and cavities of the body that open to the environment also called mucosa
stenosis narrowing or constriction
epistaxis nasal hemorrhage or nose bleed
oximetry noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen also called pulse oimetry
nares nostrils
V-Q scan nuclear scan that evaluates both air flow and blood flow in the lungs for evidence of a blood clot in the lungs. Also called V-Q lung scan
hypoxemia oxygen deficiency in arterial blood, usually a sign of respiratory impairment
hypoxia oxygen deficiency in body tissues
lobular pertaining to the lobe
thoracic pertaining to the chest area
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
spirometry PFT that measures the breathing capacity of the lungs including time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air
endotracheal intubation procedure in which a plastic tube is inserted into the trachea to maintain an open airway
tachypnea rapid breathing
antitissives relieves or suppress coughing by blocking the cough reflex to the medulla of the brain. Used to suppress dry cough
cheyne-stokes respiration reapeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth or respiration, first deep then shallow then not at all. Usually followed by agonal breathing or death rattle.
orthopnea respiratory condition of discomfort breathing in any but an erect or standing position
pleura serous membrane which envelops the lungs and folds over to line the walls of the thoracic cavity
epiglottitis severe life threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs mostly in children between 2-12 years of age
bronchioles smaller branches of the bronchi
bronchodilators stimulate bronchial muscles to relax thereby expanding air passages, resulting in increased air flow
tracheostomy surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and trachea into which a breathing tube maybe inserted
thoracentesis surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity also called pleurocentesis or thoracocentesis
septoplasty surgical repair of the septum usually performed on deviated septum
pH symbol that indicates the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance
Co2 carbon dioxide-produced by body cells during metabolism
O2 oxygen-colourless gas essential for human respiration
apnea temporary loss of breathing
polysomnography test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves, electrical activity, eye movement, respiratory rate, blood pressure, etc usually observed via video camera while patient is sleeping
ABG test that measures dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood
throat culture test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci
visceral pleura the innermost layer lying next to the lung
parietal pleura the outermost layer lining the thoracic cavity
nasopharynx portion of the pharynx above the soft palate and behind the nose
perussion process of gently tapping with the fingers to determine position size and consistency of an underlying structure
auscultation process of listening to body sounds especially in the chest with a stethoscope
mediastinum the space between the right and left lung which contains the heart, aorta esophagus and the bronchi
bronchi to branches off the trachea which lead to the right and left lungs
serous membrane thin layer of tissue that covers internal bod cavities and secretes a fluid that keeps the membrane moist; also called serosa
alveoli tiny air sacs within the lungs resembling ballons
diffuse to move or spread out a substance at random, rather than by chemical reaction or application of external forces
cartilage tough, elastic connective tissue that is more rigid than ligaments but less dense than bone
PFTs variety of tests use evaluate respiratory function, the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across alveolocapillary membrane
bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures on a monitor
laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx
septum wall dividing to cavities
artral lavage washing or irrigation of the paranasl sinuses to remove mucopurulent tissue that has failed medical treatment
wheeze whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway
trachea windpipe -cartilaginous tube which extends from the larynx to the bronchial tubes
Created by: amatt