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Respiratory Word List

adenoids collection of lymphatic tissue within the nasopharynx (pharyngeal tonsils).
alveoli Tiny air sacs within the lungs; resembling small balloons. (alveolus - singular)
anoxia absence of oxygen in the tissues.
auscultation the process of listening to body sounds, especially in the chest, with the use of a stethoscope.
bronchi the two branches off the trachea which lead to the right and left lungs. (bronchus - singular)
bronchiectasis chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi.
bronchioles smaller branches of the bronchi.
cystic fibrosis a hereditary disease of the exocrine glands affecting the respiratory system, pancreas, and sweat glands.
diaphragm a large muscle located between the chest and the abdominal wall.
dysphonia difficulty in speaking; hoarseness.
dyspnea difficulty in breathing.
eupnea good (normal) breathing.
hemoptysis condition of spitting up blood.
hemothorax blood in the chest cavity.
histamines blood substances that dilate blood vessels, causing swelling and inflammtion in nasal passages.
hypercapnia condition of an increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood.
hyperpnea increased breathing, deeper than normal.
larynx voice box, responsible for sound production.
lobular pertaining to a lobe.
mediastinum the space between the right and left lung, which contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, and the brochi.
nares nostrils (naris-singular).
nasopharynx the portion of the pharynx above the soft palate and behind the nose.
orthopnea respiratory condition of discomfort breathing in any butan erect or standing position.
palatine tonsils collection of lymphatic tissue within the oropharynx.
parietal pleura the outermost layer, lining the thoracic cavity.
percussion the process of gently tapping with the fingers to deterine position, size, or consistency of an underlying structure.
pharyngoscope instrument used to view the throat.
pleura serous membrane which envelops the lungs and folds over to line the walls of the thoracic cavity.
pleural effusion excess of fluid in the pleural cavity.
pneumonia an inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, disease, chemicals, etc.
pneumothorax collection of air in the pleural cavity.
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs.
respiratory system consists of organs taht are responsible for the breathing process,it exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide at a cellular level.
sinusitis inflammation of a sinus.
sputum an abnormal viscous fluid formed in the lower respiratory tract that often contains blood, pus, and bacteria.
stenosis narrowing or contriction.
stethoscope an instrument used in auscultation.
tachypnea rapid breathing.
thoracic pertaining to the chest area.
tonsillotome an instrument used to cut the tonsils.
trachea windpipe, cartilaginous tube which extends from the larynx to the brochial tubes.
tuberculosis an infection disease caused by inhaling viable tubercle bacilli.
visceral pleura the innermost layer lying next to the lung.
Created by: deyoht_kwa