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Certification Study Guide

aa Of each
ab- away from
Abdominal cavity Contains the major organs of digestion
Abduction Motion away from the midline of the body
Abnormal condition, disease -ago, -esis, -ia, -iasis, -ion, -ism, -osis
Abuse Misuse, excessive or improper use
ac Before meals
Acetabulum Hip socket, is the large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint
Acronym A word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound
ADL (Activities of Daily Living) Activities usually performed during a typical day that involve caring for oneself, such as eating and brushing teeth
Acute Condition has a rapid onset, severe course, short duration
ad- Toward or in the direction of
AD Right ear
Adduction Motion toward the midline of the body
Aden/o Gland
Adip/o Fat
Adipose tissue Also known as fat, provides protective padding, insulation, and support
ad lib As desired
Administer, administering To give medication
Adult stem cells Also known as Somatic Stem Cells, are undifferentiated cells found among differentiated cells in a tissue or organ
Aerosolyzed Dispensed by means of a mist
Airborne transmission Occurs through contact with contaminated respiratory droplets spread by a cough or sneeze
-algia Pain and suffering
Allergist Specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions of altered immunologic reactivity, such as allergic reactions
Allergy Acquired hypersensitivity to a substance that does not normally cause a reaction
Allogenic Originating within another
AM, am, A.M. Morning
Ambulation Ability to walk
Amniocentesis Surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to remove fluid for laboratory analysis
Amniotomy Artificial rupture of the amniotic sac
amp Ampule
Amplified Made larger or enlarged
Amplitude Amount, extent, size, abundance, or fullness
amt Amount
Analgesics Pain reliever
Anaphylaxis A serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death. It typically causes a number of symptoms including an itchy rash, throat swelling, and low blood pressure. Common causes include insect bites/stings, foods, and medications.
Anaplasia Abnormal tissue formation, a change in the structure of cells and their orientation to each other
ana- Backward
Anatomy The study of the structures of the body
Andropause Midlife changes in males
Anesthesia Loss of feeling or sensation
Angiogram Series of x-Rays of a blood vessel after injection of a radiopaque substance
Anhidrosis Lacking sweat
Ankyl/o Crooked, bent, stiff
Ankylosing The progressive stiffening of a joint or joints
Ankylosing Spondylitis A form of Rheumatoid Arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae
Sims' (lateral) Patient lie on the left side, the left arm and shoulder may be drawn back behind the body, the left knee is slightly flexed to support the body, and the right knee is flexed sharply (a small pillow may under head or between and/or legs
Prone The patient lie face down on the table with head turned to the side, arms may be placed above the head or along the side of the body
Trendelenburg Patient lower head and elevating legs, Used for 2 reasons; 1. To aid person in shock, 2. To make visibility and maneuverability easier during abdominal or pelvic surgery
Proctologic Pt undress from waist down and kneel on knee board of table, pt bends at the hips and rests the chest on table. The head is supported by head board. Table is turned to elevate the buttocks (requires specific exam table)
Knee-chest Pt kneel on the exam table with buttocks elevated, back straight, chest resting on table
Fowler's Pt sit in a position with the back of the exam table raised to either 45 degrees (semi), or 90 degrees (high). Legs rest flat on the table
Lithotomy Pt lie on back, with buttocks as close to bottom edge of table as possible, feet are placed in stirrups attached to foot of the table
Dorsal Recumbent Pt lie on their back face up, legs separated, knees flexed with feet flat on the table
Supine Lying flat facing up
The CMS-1500 Form used by non-institutional providers and suppliers to bill Medicare Part B covered services
CPT codes Codes that modifiers can be added to, to indicate that a procedure or service has been altered
Anoxia The absence of oxygen from the body's gases, blood, or tissues
Antacids Treatment of gastric hyperacidity.. Reduce stomach acid
Anterior Situated in the front
Anthracosis Black lung disease
Antiarrhythmic Medication that controls irregularities of the heartbeat
Antibodies Specific chemical produced by B Cells of the immune system in response to an antigen
Antibiotics Treatment of bacterial invasions and infections
Anticoagulants Prevents blood clotting, prevention of clot formation
Anticonvulsants Prevents seizures, reduces excessive stimulation of the brain (Tx of epilepsy and other neurological disorders)
Antiemetics Prevents and relieves nausea and vomiting
Antihistamines Relief of allergies; prevention of gastric ulcers
Antihypertensives Reduces and controls blood pressure
Antiinflammatories Tx of arthritis and other inflammatory disorders including asthma and allergic rhinitis. Usually txt muscle & bone
Antipyretics Reduces fever
Antitussives Temporarily suppresses a nonproductive cough
A & P Anatomy and Physiology
Aplasia Incomplete tissue formation, the defective development, or the congenital absence, of an organ or tissue
Apnea Cessation or absence of normal spontaneous breathing
Appendicular Skeleton Protects the organs of; digestion, excretion, reproduction.. Also controls movement, consists of 126 bones organized into; upper extremities; shoulders, arms, wrist, hands, lower extremities; hips, thighs, legs, ankles, feet
aq Aqueous (of, like, or containing water: watery)
Arrhythmia Deviation from the normal pattern or rhythm of the heartbeat
Arteri/o Artery
Arteries Carry oxygenated blood away from the heart
Arteriosclerosis The normal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
Arthr/o Joint
Artifacts Additional electrical activity, abnormalities on the tracing not caused by the heart
AS Left ear
Asepsis Protecting against infection caused by pathogenic microorganism
Ataxia Defective muscular coordination, primarily seen when attempting voluntary muscular movements
Ather/o Plaque or fatty substance
Atresia Describes the congenital absence of a normal body opening or the failure of a structure to be tubular
Atria (atrium) Two upper chambers of the heart
AU Both ears
Augment To add or increase
Augmented Enlarged
Autologous Originating within an individual
Avascularization Expulsions of blood from tissues leaves the tissues with no blood supply
AV Node (Atrioventricular Node) Located on the septal wall between the right atrium and right ventricle, holds the impulse for a fraction of a second to prevent inappropriately high atrial rates also to permit blood to empty from the atria through the tricuspid and mitral valves
Axial Skeleton Protects major organs of; nervous system, respiratory system, circulatory system; consists of 80 bones organized into 5 parts; skull, middle ear, hyoid bone, rib cage, vertebral column
Bandage Nonsterile gauze or other material applied over a sterile dressing to protect and immobilize
Baseline Flat horizontal line that separates the various waves of the ECG cycle
Benign Not life threatening
bid Twice a day
Bilateral Relating to or having two sides
Bipolar Having two poles or processes
Melan/o Black
Bloodborne Pathogen Microorganism capable of causing disease found in blood or components of blood
Bloodborne Transmission The spread of a disease through contact with blood or other body fluids that are contaminated with blood
Body Cavities 2major cavities; Doral Cavity,,,, Ventral Cavity
Body Mechanics Practice of using certain key muscle groups together with correct body alignment to avoid injury when lifting or moving heavy or awkward objects
Body Planes The imaginary vertical and horizontal lines used to divide the body into sections for descriptive purposes
Vertical Planes Up down, right angle to the horizon
Horizontal Planes Flat crosswise plane, such as the horizon
Body Surface Area (BSA)
Oss/e, Oss/i, Oste/o, Ost/o Bones; act as the framework for the body, protect the internal organs, and store the mineral calcium
Myel/o Bone Marrow; red bone marrow, yellow bone marrow
Red Bone Marrow Forms red blood cells
Yellow Bone Marrow Stores fat
Created by: Ftpowell