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Yellow Module

Yellow Module Respiratory Reverse Definitions

cystic fibrosis A hereditary disease of the exocrine glands affecting the respiratory system, pancreas and sweat glands.
diaphragm A large muscle located between the chest and the abdominal wall.
rhonchus Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway.
crackle Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates,spasms, hyperplasia or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli; also called rafe.
anoxia Absence of oxygen in the tissues.
anosmia Absence of the sense of smell.
pulmonary edema Accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, most commonly caused by heart failure.
corticosteroids Act on the immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions.
pertussis Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sounds; also called whooping cough.
coryza Acute inflammation of the membrane of the nose; also called head cold or upper respiratory infection.
sputum An abnormal viscous fluid formed in the lower respiratory tract that often contains blood, pus and bacteria.
tuberculosis (TB) An infectious disease caused by inhaling viable tubercle bacilli.
pneumonia An inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, disease, chemicals, etc.
stethoscope An instrument used in auscultation.
tonsillotome An instrument used to cut the tonsils.
antihistamines Block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues.
pulmonary embolism Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter.
hemothorax Blood in the chest cavity.
histamines Body substances that dilate blood vessels, causing swelling and inflammation in nasal passages.
bronchiectasis Chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi.
atelectasis Collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of a lung.
pneumothorax Collection of air in the pleural cavity.
adenoids Collection of lymphatic tissue within the nasopharynx.
palatine tonsils Collection of lymphatic tissue within the oropharynx.
croup Common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and sometimes lungs.
(SIDS) sudden infant death syndrome Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death.
asphyxia Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen.
hypercapnia Condition of an increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood.
hemoptysis Condition of spitting up blood.
respiratory system Consists of organs that are responsible for the breathing process. It exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide at a cellular level.
decongestants Constrict blood vessels of nasal passages and limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink, so that air can pass more freely through the passageways.
antibiotics Destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria by disrupting their membranes or one or more of their metabolic processes.
dysphonia Difficulty in speaking; hoarseness.
dyspnea Diffult breathing.
pneumoconiosis Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust, stone dust, iron dust and asbestos particles.
deviated nasal septum Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils that causes reduced airflow and sometimes, nosebleed.
finger clubbing Enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary diseases.
pleural effusion Excess of fluid in the pleural cavity.
acidosis Excessive acidity of body fluids.
pneumectomy Excision of a lung or a portion of the lung, commonly for treatment of cancer.
pleurectomy Excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal pleura.
eupnea Good breathing.
cilia Hairlike structures.
stridor High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway.
hyperpnea Increased breathing, deeper than normal.
sinusitis Inflammation of a sinus.
pleurisy Inflammation of a pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis.
pharyngoscope Instrument used to view the throat.
Mantoux test Intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen.
expectorants Liquefy respiratory secretions so that they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes.
aerosol therapy Lung treatment using various techniques to deliver medications in mist form directly to the lungs or air passageways.
sweat test Measurement of the amount of salt in sweat.
postural drainage Method of positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs.
sputum culture Microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonias.
(CTPA) computed tomography pulmonary angiography Minimally invasive imaging that combines computed tomography scanning and angiography to produce images of the pulmonary arteries.
mucous membrane Moist tissue layer lining hollow organs and cavities of the body that open to the environment; also called mucosa.
stenosis Narrowing or constriction.
epistaxis Nasal hemorrhage, also called nosebleed.
oximetry Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry.
nares Nostrils
(V-Q) ventilation-perfusion scan Nuclear scan that evaluates both airflow and blood flow in the lungs for evidence of a blood clot in the lungs; also called V-Q lung scan.
hypoxemia Oxygen deficiency in arterial blood; usually a sign of respiratory impairment.
hypoxia Oxygen deficiency in body tissues; usually a sign of respiratory impairment.
lobular Pertaining to a lobe.
thoracic Pertaining to the chest area.
pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs.
spirometry PFT that measures the breathing capacity of the lungs, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air.
endotracheal intubation Procedure in which a plastic tube is inserted into the trachea to maintain an open airway.
tachypnea Rapid breathing.
antitussives Relieve or suppress coughing by blocking the cough reflex in the medulla of the brain.
Cheyne-Stokes respiration Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of repiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all.
orthopnea Respiratory condition of discomfort breathing in any but an erect or standing position.
pleura Serous membrane which envelops the lungs and folds over to line the walls of the thoracic cavity.
epiglottitis Severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2-12 years of age.
sleep apnea Sleeping disorder in which breathing stops repeatedly for more than 10 seconds, causing measurable blood deoxygenation.
bronchioles Smaller branches of the bronchi.
bronchodilators Stimulate bronchial muscles to relax, thereby expanding air passages, resulting in increased air flow.
tracheostomy Surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted.
thoracentesis Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity; also called pleurocentesis or thoracocentesis.
septoplasty Surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usually performed when the septum is encroaching on the breathing passages or nasal structures.
pH Symbol that indicates the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance.
carbon dioxide (CO2) Tasteless, colourless, odourless gas produced by the body cells during the metabolism.
oxygen (O2) Tasteless, colourless,odourless gas essential for human respiration.
apnea Temporary loss of breathing.
polysomnography Test of sleep cycles+stages of continuous recordings of brain waves,electrical activity of muscles,eye movement,respiratory rate,blood pressure,blood oxygen saturation,heart rhythm and sometimes direct observation of person sleeping using a video camera.
arterial blood gases (ABG) Test that measures dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
throat culture Test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci.
visceral pleura The innermost layer lying next to the lung.
parietal pleura The outermost layer, lining the thoracic cavity.
nasopharynx The portion of the pharynx above the soft palate and behind the nose.
percussion The process of gently tapping with the fingers to determine position, size or consistency of an underlying structure.
auscultation The process of listening to body sounds, especially in the chest, with the use of a stethoscope.
mediastinum The space between the right and left lung, which contains the heart, aorta, esophagus and the bronchi.
bronchi The two branches off the trachea which leads to the right and left lungs.
serous membrane Thin layer of tissue that covers internal body cavities and secretes a fluid that keeps the membrane moist; also called serosa.
alveoli Tiny air sacs within the lungs; resembling small balloons.
diffuse To move or spread out a substance at random, rather than by chemical reaction or application of external forces.
cartilage Tough, elastic connective tissue that is more rigid than ligaments but less dense than bone.
pulmonary function test (PFTs) Variety of tests used to evaluate respiratory function, the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane.
bronchoscopy Visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor.
laryngoscopy Visual examination of the larynx, to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities.
mediastinoscopy Visual examination of the mediastinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes.
larynx Voice box. Responsible for sound production.
septum Wall dividing two cavities.
antral lavage Washing or irrigating of the paranasal sinuses to remove mucopurulent material in an immunosuppressed patient or one with known sinusitis that has failed medical management.
wheeze Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway.
trachea Windpipe. Cartilaginous tube which extends from the larynx to the bronchial tubes.
Created by: Barbara Ross