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Yellow Module

Yellow Module Cardiac Reveiw

Descibe carpillaries. Join arterial system with venous system. Most significant. Provides cells with vital products. Remove waste products from cells.
Describe the heart. A hollow muscular organ lying in the mediastinum that propels blood to the entire body.
Describe the SA node. Located in upper portion of right atrium. Has built in rhythm. Initiates and transmits each heart beat. Sets basic pace for cardiac rate.
How do veins return blood to the heart. Skeletal muscle contractions Gravity Respiratory activity Valves
How is blood supplied to the heart muscle? Coronary arteries.
Name the factors that influence blood pressure. Resistance of blood flow Pumping action of heart Viscosity of blood Elasticity of arteries Quantity of blood
Name four structures responsible for electrical conduction of the heart. SA node AV node Bundle of His Purkinje Fibers
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ACE angiotensin converting enzyme
AF atrial fibrillation
BBB bundle branch block
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CC cardiac catherization
CCU coronary care unit
CPR cardopulmonary resuscitation
CV cardiovascular
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECG electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram
EF ejection fraction
HF heart failure
HTN hypertension
IV intervenous
LA left atrium
LV left ventricle
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MVP mitral valve prolapse
PAC premature atrial contraction
PVC premature vascular contraction
SA sinoatrial
SOB shortness of breath
VT ventricular tachycardia
angioplasty Any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels.
cardioversion Applying controlled electrical shoeck to the exterior of the chest.
DVT deep vein thrombosis Blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body.
thrombosis Blood clot that obstructs a vessel.
bicuspid valve Blood passes from the left atrium to the left ventricle; aka mitral valve.
pulmonary artery Carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
pulmonary vein Carries oxygenated blood back to the heart from the lungs.
beta blockers Causes a decrease of heart rate and contractility.
inferior vena cava Collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the lower portion to the righ atrium.
Superior vena cava Collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the top portion to the right atrium.
varicose veins Condition which develops when the valves of the veins are damaged.
hypertension Consistently elevated blood pressure.
hypotension Decreased blood pressure.
thrombolysis Destruction of a blood clot.
catheter ablation Destruction of conductive tissue of the heart.
necrosis Destruction of tissue.
stent Devise used to hold open vessels.
nitrates Dilate blood vessels to the heart.
Holter monitor ECG recording system capable of storing 24 - 48 hours of tracings.
pericardium Fibrous sac which encloses the heart.
atherosclerosis Form of arteriosclerosis characterized by deposits of plaque in arteries.
arteriosclerosis Hardening and narrowing of an artery.
arrhythmia Inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm.
insufficiency Inability of the valves to close properly.
valvotomy Incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening.
diuretics Increase excretion of water and sodium.
phlebitis Inflammation of a vein.
endocardium Innermost layer of the heart.
angina Intermittent chest pain.
MI myocardium infarction Life-threatening condition characterized by necrosis in the myocardium.
ischemic Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply.
aneurysm Localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel.
tricuspid valve Located between the right atrium and right ventricle.
ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) Lowers blood pressure.
statins Lowers cholesterol.
embolism Mass lodged in a blood vessel.
myocardium Muscular layer of the heart.
coarction Narrowing of a vessel.
infarction Necrosis of tissue following cessation of blood supply.
epicardium Outermost layer of the heart.
cardiac catheterization Passage of a catheter into the heart.
Name the three layers of the heart. Endocardium Myocardium Epicardium
What are the three layers of artery walls? Tunica externa Tunica media Tunica intima
pulmonic valve Prevents backflow of blood into the right ventricle.
laser ablation Procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins.
palpitation Sensation that the heart is not beating normally.
lipid panel Series of tests used to assess risk of ischemic heart disease.
bruit Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation.
systole The contraction phase of the heart.
diastole The relaxation phase of the heart.
Doppler U/S Ultrasound that assesses different areas of the heart.
echocardiogram Ultrasound used to visualize internal cardiac structures.
CHD coronary heart disease
Created by: Barbara Ross