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HlTH ch.17


gastrin stimulates production of hydrochloric acid
negative feedback of PTH means that its secreted in response to low levels of calcium in blood
atriopeptin increases loss of sodium and water in urine
prostaglandins stimulated by injury. Potent chemical regulators, hormone-like substances. Implicated by menstrual cramps, premature labor
goiter enlarged thyroid gland
steroids sex hormones and adrenal cortex
pituitary gland small, round, attached to a stalk at the base of the brain (hypophysis) or (master gland)
adrenal glands lies above each kidney, aka suprarenal glands
pineal gland pine cone shaped and attached to posterior part of the brain, aka pineal body
islets of langerhans clusters of cells in the pancreas that secrete glucagon and insulin
what gland supplies hormones that act directly on cells or stimulate other glands that govern numerous vital processes pituitary gland
cortico cortex
hypophyso pituitary gland
tropo to stimulate
-physis growth
-tropic stimulating
-tropin that which stimulates
ADH, STH, MSH stand for pituitary hormones
LH in males is also called? ICSH, interstitial cell stimulating hormone
the hypothalamus synthesizes two hormones that are stored in the neurohypophysis Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin
diuresis passage of large amounts of urine
the hypothalamus regulates the ( ) by producing regulatory and inhibitory hormones andenohypophysis
regulatory and inhibitory hormones stimulate or inhibit the adenohypophysis
somato/tropic hormone growth hormone
melanin black or dark brown pigment
follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone are produced by? adenohypophysis
hypo/physis grows under the cerebrum
FSH and LH are gonadotrophins
FSH stimulates the ovaries and testes
LH in females stimulate ovulation and production of progesterone
LH in males promotes growth of interstitial cells of the testes and secretion of testosterone
LH in males is often called interstitial cell stimulating hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone aka thyropin, produce thyroid hormones
thyroxine T4 tetra/iodo/thyro/nine, contains 4 atoms of iodine
thyro/calcitonin aka calcitonin, involved in the homeostasis of blood calcium level
adrenal gland has two parts cortex and medulla
the cortex is stimulated by adrenocorticotropin hormone
mineralo/corticoids maintain water balance
gluco/corticoids increase blood glucose
melatonin secreted by pineal gland, its release is stimulated by darkness
adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
concentration of glucose in the blood is an example of negative feedback system
glucagon increase blood sugar levels
negative feedback of PTH means that it is secreted in response to low levels of calcium in the blood
PTH has the ( ) effect, or is antagonistic , to calcitonin secreted by the thyroid gland oposite
goiter enlarged thyroid, swelling in the neck
blood test to study pancreatic function include fasting blood sugar, glycosylated hemoglobin, and glucose tolerance test
glycosylated hemoglobin represent average blood glucose levels over the previous 3 or 4 months
what are the products of abnormal use of fat in the body (as in diabetes)? ketones
disorders of the posterior lobe of the pituitary are usually related to a deficiency or excess of ADH, anti diuretic hormone
diabetes insipidus deficiency of ADH or inability of the kidneys to respond to ADH
diabetes mellitus insufficient or improper use of insulin
a life threatening form of graves disease is thyroid storm aka thyrotoxicosis
hypothyroidism in childhood cretinism
myxedema severe form of adult hypothyroidism, severe swelling and facial puffiness
malnutrition, and wasting , caused by hypo secretion of the pituitary glad in adults pituitary cachexia
hyperparathyroidism causes hypercalcemia
hirsutism excessive growth of hair
hypo secretion of epinephrine produces no effect, hyper secretion, usually from a tumor puts the body in a prolonged ... fight or flight mode
hypo secretion fo the adrenal cortex in which all three classes of adrenal corticosteroids are reduced leads to Addison disease
Addison disease life threatening, dehydration, low blood glucose levels and bronzing of the skin
deficiency of insulin secretion by the pancreas is a characteristic of what to disorders? pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer
hyperglycemia causes fluid electrolyte imbalances resulting in polyphagia, polyuria, and polydipsia
type 1 diabetes mellitus genetic, absolute insulin deficiency
type 2 diabetes mellitus insulin resistance
diabetic nephro/pathy damage to small vessels of kidneys and is the leading cause of end stage renal disease
diabetic retino/pathy disorder of the retinal blood vessels of the eye that can lead to blindness
peripheral vascular disease can lead to amputation
mastitis is an inflammatory condition of the breast that occurs most frequently in? lactating women
the most common cause of hypopituitarism is pituitary tumor
type 1 diabetes is controlled by ( ) and type 2 diabetes is controlled by ( ) insulin, exercise
mastopexy is performed to correct a pendulous breast (also called breast lift)
lumpectomy excision of a tumor
mast/ectomy removal of the breast
only breast tissue is removed in a mastectomy, whereas axillary lymph nodes and muscles of the chest are removed in radical mastectomy
mammoplasty surgical reshaping of the breasts
augmentation mammoplasty increases the size of the breasts
Created by: btuehara