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HLTH ch.14

musculoskeletal system

compact bone contains haversian canals that run parallel to the bones long axis
spongy bone contains trabeculae, spongy mesh works
myelo bone marrow or spinal cord
rachi, rachio vertebral or spinal column
spondylo vertebrae
attaches to the axial skeleton appendicular skeleton
ankylo stiff
tropho nutrition
-asthenia weakness
-clasia break
-desis binding; fusion
axial skeleton skull, spinal column, sternum , and ribs
ishchium posterior part of pelvic girdle
plantar concerning the sole
articular pertaining to a joint
tendons strong fibrous tissue that connect muscle to bone
ligament connect bone or cartilage
hyper/tonicity increase in muscle tone and strength
hypo/tonicity decreased tone or tension in any body structure, such as paralysis
fascia fibrous membrane that covers, supports and separates muscles
bone densito/metry determining bone mass
bone scan used in demonstrating malignant bone tumors
myelo/suppression inhibition of bone marrow
the preferred site for bone marrow aspiration is posterior iliac crest
antinuclear antibody test diagnose systemic lupus erythematosus
erythrocyte sedimentation rate rate which erythrocytes settle out in a tube of blood that has been treated to prevent clotting
tetany condition characterized by cramps, convulsions, twitching of the muscles, and sharp flexion of the wrists and ankle joints
strain damage which is usually muscular caused by excessive physical force
sprain traumatic injury to tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint
greenstick fracture INCOMPLETE FRACTURE, bone is bent and fractured on one side only. Seen principally in children
impacted fracture bone fragment firmly driven into the fractured end of another fragment
comminuted fracture bone is broke into many small fragments
disuse atrophy muscle shrinks when a limb is immobilized for a long period
carpal tunnel syndrome prolonged repetitive movements. Median nerve becomes compressed
hallux valgus deformity of the foot
bunion hallux valgus, deformity of the foot
hammer toe permanently flexed at midphalangeal joint, producing a clawlike appearance
morton neur/oma small painful tumor that grows in the digital nerve of the foot
dupuytren contracture thickening and tightening of the palmar fascia, causing the fourth or fifth finger to bend into the palm
joint crepitus crackling sound produced when a bone rubs against another bone or cartilage
osteo/mye/litis infection of bone and bone marrow, staphylococci are common causes
cellul/itis acute, spreading, swollen, pus forming inflammation of the deep subcutaneous tissues
multiple myel/oma malignant neoplasm of the one marrow that disrupts and destroys bone marrow function
osteo/sarcoma most common type of primary malignant bone tumor
paget disease aka osteitis deformans skeletal disorder characterized by excessive bone destruction
rickets caused by insufficient calcium for bone materialization during growing years, causes skeletal deformities
spina bifida congenital abnormality, defective closure of bones of the spine
anomaly deviation form what is regarded as normal
kyphosis abnormal convexity in the curvature of the thoracic spine
lordosis abnormal concavity of the lumbar spine
rachischisis fissure of one or more vertebra
-schisis fissure
connective tissue diseases osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
gout inborn error of uric acid metabolism. Painful swelling of joint, chills and fever
lyme disease infection caused by bite of an infected deer tic. Circular rash
reduciton pulling fracture into alignment
vertebral plasty plastic like substance injected on each side of the fractured vertebra to hold fragment is position while bone heals
COX 2 inhibitors celebrex, used to reduce inflammation of arthritis
Created by: btuehara