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Medical Terms

Chapter 4

abnormal pertaining to being away from the norm; irregular
adrenal glands two endocrine glands above the kidney
analysis separating a substance into its component parts
anemia lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or a decrease in hemoglobin in the cells
antepartum before birth
antibiotic pertaining to a substance that works against germs
antibody a substance that works against germs
antigen foreign protein that stimulate white blood cells to make antibodies
aphasia absence or impairment of communication through speech
apnea not able to breathe
atrophy decrease in size of cells within an organ
bengin not cancerous; a tumor that does not spread and is limited in growth
bilateral pertaining to both sides
bradycardia slow heartbeat
congenital anomaly irregularity present at birth; not normal
dialysis separation of wastes from the blood
diarrhea discharge of watery wastes from the colon
dysphagia difficult swallowing
dysplasia abnormality of the development or the formation of cells
dyspnea painful breathing
dysuria painful or difficult urnation
ectopic pregnancy development of the zygote in a place outside the uterus
endocrine glands organs that produce hormones
endoscopy process of viewing the inside of hollow organs or cavities
epidural hematoma mass of blood above the dura mater
excision act of cutting out, removal
extrahepatic pertaining to the outside of the live
hemigastrectomy removal of half of the stomach
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body
hyperglycemia higher than normal levels of sugar in the blood
hypertension high blood pressure
hyperthroidism excessive activity of the thyroid glands
hypertrophy enlargement of growth of an organ or part of the body due to increase of size to individual cells
hypoglycemia blood condition of decrease sugar
incison cutting into the body or into an organ
intervertebral pertaining to lying between two backbones
intrauterine pertaining to within uterus
intravenous pertaining within a vein
malignant tending to become progressively worse
metacarpal bones of the hand between the wrist bones and the finger bones
metasis spread of cancerous tumor to a distanct organ or location
neonatal pertaining to newbirth; first four weeks after birth
neoplastic pertaining to a new growth or neoplasm
paralysis loss or impairment of movement in the part of the body
paraplegia impairment of loss in movement in the lower part of the body
parathroid glands four endocrine glands behind the thyroid glands
perianal pertaining to the surrounding of the anus
periosteum membrane that surrounds the bone
polydipsia excessive thrist
polyneuropathy disease of many nerves
polyuria excessive urination
postmortem after death
postpartum after birth
percancerous pertaining to a condition that may come before a cancer
prolapse falling down or drooping of a part of the body
prosthesis artifical substance to replace a missing part of the body
quadriplegia paralysis of all four limbs; caused by the injury of the spinal cord
relapse return of disease after is appearnt termination
remission lessening of symptoms of disease
resection removal of a organ at a structure
retroperitoneal pertaining to behind the peritoneum
subcoastal pertaining to below the ribs
syndrome set of symptoms and signs of disease that occur together to indicate a disease condition
tachycardia condition of fast; rapid heartbeat
tachypnea condition of rapid breathing
transabdominal pertaining to acroos the abdomen
transurethral pertaining to the urethra
tricuspid valve fold of tissue between the upper and lower chamber on the right side of the heart
ultrasonography recording of internal body structres with sound waves
urinalysis examination of urine to determine its contents
subcutaneous tissue lower layer of the skin composed of fatty tissue
subdural hematoma collection of blood under the shoulder bone
subtotal less than total; just under the total amount
Created by: tory16