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ERP Week 5

Blood Sugar Testing

Hyperglycemia is a; Blood condition of excessive sugar (glucose)
Hypoglycemia is a; Blood condition of deficient sugar (glucose)
Hyperglycemia is a sign (Sx) of; Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Hypoglycemia is a sign (Sx) of; Insulin shock
Sx and SX of Hyperglycemia; 1.Polyuria 2.Glycosuria 3.Polydispia 4.Ketonuria 5.Fatigue 6.Poor wound healing 7.WT - weight lose
Polyuria is; Excessive urination
Glycosuria is; Sugar in the urine
Polydipsia is; Excessive thirst
Ketonuria is; Ketones (acetone) in the urine
Fatigue is; Loss of energy
Sx and SX of Hypoglycemia; 1.Shallow breathing 2.Diaphoresis 3.Syncope 4.LOC
Diaphoresis os; Excessive sweating
LOC stands fro Loss Of Consciousness
The device used to measure blood sugar (BS) is; A glucometer
3 common glucometers include; 1.Accu-Check 2.Free Style 3.One Touch
Blood sugar (BS) test supplies include; 1.Glucometer 2.Glucometer test strips 3.Lancets (manual/safety lancets) 4.Alcohol swabs 5.Sterile 2x2 gauze 6.Exam gloves 7.Biohazard container
SMBG stands for; Self Monitoring Blood Glucose
Alternate sites to obtain blood for BS testing include; 1.Palm 2.Thigh 3.Calf 4.Upper arm 5.Forearm
The 'Yellow' window on a BS test strip should be; completely filled with blood
A 'Normal' BS range is; 70-130 mg/dL a.c. (before meal) < 180 mg/dL two (2) hrs p.c. (after meal)
Other tests for DM include; 1.GTT - Glucose tolerance 2.PPBS - Postprandial Blood Sugar 3.FBS - Fasting Blood Sugar 4.A1c (HbA1c) - 6-12 wk average of BS 5.Fructosamine - 3 wk avg. glucose levels
GTT is a; Blood Glucose Tolerance Test
PPBS is; Postperandial blood sugar
FBS is; Fasting Blood Sugar
A1c is a; 6-12 wk average of blood sugar ranges
The A1c normal range is; 4%-6% (>7% = DM)
A Fructosamine test is; 3 wk avg of glucose levels
Created by: adrouillard