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Purple Module

Special Senses Reverse Definitions

A chamber that joins the cochlea and semicircular canals vestibule
A state of balance, controlled by the semicircular canals and the vestibule equilibrium
A tube which connects the nose and the throat with the caavity of the middle ear eustachian tube
A waxy secretion produced by the glands of the external ear canal to prevent the entrances of tiny foreign particles cerumen
Ability to bend light rays as they pass from one medium to another refractive
Abnormal overflow of tears epiphora
Accumulation of aqueous humor in the eye glaucoma
Adjustment of the eye for various distances so that the images fall on the retina o the eye accomodation
Agents which paralize ciliary muscles, causing dilation of the pupils cycloplegic agents
An error in refraction causing poor focus ametropia
Any disorder of retinal blood vessels retinopathy
Any fluid of semifluid of the body humor
Blocking of sound waves as they pass through the external and middle ear conduction impairment
Chronic progressive disease of degeneration of the retina and atrophy of the optic nerve retinitis pigmentosa
Chronic, contagious form of conjunctivitis common in the south-western United States that typically leads to blindness trachomo
Clearness or sharpness of a sensory function acuity
Complete deafness; also called anacusia anacusis
Condition caused by the destruction of hair cells, the organs responsible for hearing, caused by sounds that are "too long, too loud or too close" noise-induced hearing loss
Condition in which one eyelid is misaligned with the other or out of synchrony strabismus
Constrict the small arterioles of the eye, decreasing redness and relieving conjunctival congestion ophthalmic decongestants
Corrective surgery for a deformed or excessively large or small pinna otoplasty
Cosmetic surgery that removes fatty tissue above and below the eyes that commonly form as a result of the aging process or excessive exposure to the sun blepharoplasty
Creation of an opening into the nose for draining of tears dacryocystorhinostomy
Decrease aqueous humor production by constricting thepupil to open the angle between the iris and cornea antiglaucoma agent
Defective curvature of the cornea or lens astigmatism
Dilation of the pupil corectasis
Discharge of pus from the ear otopyorrhea
Disorder of the labyrinth that leads to progressive loss of hearing Meniere disease
Disorder that occurs in patients with diabetes and is manifested by small hemorrhages, edema, and formation of new vessels on the retina, leading to scarring and eventual loss of vision diabetic retinopathy
Disrupt parasympathetic nerve supply to the eye or stimulate the sypathetic nervous system, causing the pupil to dilate mydriatics
Ear pain otalgia
Evaluation of blood vessels and their leakage in and neneath the retina after injection of fluorescein dye, which circulates while photographs of the vessels within the eye are obtained fluorescein angiography
Evaluation of intraocular pressure by measuring the resistance of the eyeball to indentation by an applied force tonometry
Evaluation of refractive errors of the eye by projecting a light into the eyes and determining the movement of reflected light rays retinoscopy
Evaluation of sound conduction using a vibrating tuning fork tuning fork test
Eversion, or outward turning, of the edges of the lower eyelid ectropion
Examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye to determine occular motility and rotation and diagnosis and manage glaucoma gonioscopy
Excision of the iris iridectomy
Farsightedness hyperopia
Flow of tears dacryorrhea
Fluid that very closely resembles spinal fluid but found in the cochlea perilymph
Flushing of the ear canal with water or saline to dislodge foreign bodies or impacted cerumen ear irrigation
Formation of an opening between the anterior chamber and the suprachoroidal space for the draining of aqueous humor in glaucoma cyclodialysis
Hardening of the spongy bone around the oval window of the ear, causing hearing loss otosclerosis
Hearing audition
Impaired vision in dim light; also called night blindness nytalopia
Impairment of hearing resulting from old age; also called presbyacusia presbyacusis
Incision of the cornea for treatment of nearsightedness or astigmatism radial keratotomy (RK)
Infection of the external auditiory canal otitis externa
Inflammation of the conjunctiva with vascular congestion, producing a red or pink eye and may be secondary to allergy or viral, bacterial, or fungal infections conjunctivitis
Inflammation of the eustachian tube eustachitis
Inflammation of the inner ear that usually results from an acute febrile process labyrinthitis
Inflammation of the iris iritis
Inflammation of the middle ear otitis media
Inhibit growth of microorganisms that infect the eye ophthalmic antibiotics
Insertion of tubes through the tympanic membrane, commonly used to treat chronic otitis media; also called tympanostomy tubes or ventilation tubes pressure-equilizing (PE) tube placement
Inversion or inward turning of the edge of the lower eyelid entropion
Inward turning of the eye(s) esotropia
Layer or coat of tissue; also called membrane layer tunic
Lazy eye syndrome amblyopia
Light-sensitive pigment in the retinal cones and rods that absorbs light and initiates the visual process; also called visual ppigment photopigment
Localized, circumscribed, inflammatory swelling of one of the several sebaceous glands of the eyelid, generally caused by a bacterial infection; also called a stye hordeolum
Loosen and help remove impacted cerumen wax emulsifiers
Loss of accommodation of the crystalline lens associated with the aging process presbyopia
Loss of sense of smell anosmia
Measurement of hearing acuity at various sound wave frequencies audiometry
Measurement of the blood pressure of the retinal vessels ophthalmodynamometry
Method of assessing and recording eye movements by measuring the electrical activity of the extraocular muscles eletronystagmography (ENG)
Method of treating cataracts by using ultraxonic waves to disintegrate a cloudy lens, which is then aspirated and removed phacoemulsification
Muscles which relax or contract to alter the shape of the lens , making it thicker or thinner, thus enabling the light rays to focus upon the retina ciliary mucsles
One of the temporal bones which encloses the sinuses mastoid process
One of the three bones of the middle ear; shaped like stirrups stapes
One of the three bones of the middle ear; shaped like a hammer malleus
One of the three bones of the middle ear; shaped like an anvil incus
One of the three structures of the inner ear; responsible for balance semicircular canals
One who specializes in eye measurements optometrist
Opacities on the lens or the capsule that enclose the lens, causing loss of vision cataracts
Outward turning of the eye(s) exotropia
Paralysis of the eye ophthalmoplegia
Part of an eye examination that determines the smallest letters that can be read on a standardized chart set at a distance of 20 feet visual acuity (VA) test
Perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present tinnitus
Pertaining to a tear lacrimal
Pertaining to a smell olfactory
Placement of an artificial hearing device that produces hearing sensations by electrically stimulating nerves inside the inner ear; also called bionic ear cochlea implant insertion
Procedure that assesses the ability of the typanic membrane to move in response to a change in air pressure pneumatic otoscopy
Prolapse of the eyelid blepharoptosis
Provide temporary relief from pain and inflammation associated with otic disorders otic analgesics
Radiographic imaging procedures of the nasolacrimal glands and ducts dacryocystography
Reconstruction of the eardrum, commonly due to perforation; also called myringoplasty typanoplasty
Removal of the contents of the eye while leaving the sclera and cornea intact evisceration
Removal of the eyeball rom the orbit enucleation
Sensation of a spinning motion either of oneself or of the surroundings vertigo
Series of intricate communicating passages labyrinth
Severe congenital deficiency in colour perception; also called complete colour blindness achromatopsia
Slender tube lined with glands, through which sound waves travel to the middle ear ear canal
Small, hard tumour developing on the eyelid, somewhat similar to a sebaceous cyst chalazion
Snail-shaped inner ear structure cochlea
Soothe dry eyes due to environmental irritants and allergens ophthalmic moisturizers
Stereoscopic magnified view of the anterior eye structure in detail, which includes the cornea, lens, iris, sclera, and vitreous humor slit-lamp examination (SLE)
Substance or surface that neither transmits nor allows the passage of light opaque
Surgical formation of an opening in the sclera sclerostomy
Surgical opening of a cavity within the mastoid process mastoid antrotomy
Surgical puncture of the cornea keratocentesis
Swelling and hyperemia of the optic disc, usucally associated with increased intracranial pressure; also called choked disc papilledema
Taste gustation
Test that uses different water temperatures to assess the vestibular portion of the nerve of the inner ear to determine if nerve damage is the cause of vitigo caloric stimulation test
The clear, transparent portion of the sclera, anterior to the lens cprnea
The white of the eye, composed of a tough, fiberous tissue which serves as a protective shield for the more sensitive structures underneath sclera
Three tiny articulating bones in the middle ear ossicles
Tiny nerve ending within the cochlea which combine with cochlear fluid to generate nerve impulses to the brain via the auditory nerve hairs of Corti
Tissues or structures in the body adjacent to or near a related structure adnexa
Treat and prevent nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and vertigo by reducing the sensitivity of the inner ear to motion or inhibiting stimuli from reaching the part of the brain that triggers nausea and vomiting antiemetics
Tuning fork test that evaluates bone conduction of sound in both ears at the same time Weber
Tuning fork test that evaluates bone conduction versus air conduction of sound Rinne
Type of involuntary eye movements that appear jerky and may reduce vision or be associated with other, more serious onditions that limit vision nystagmus
Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light photophobia
Use of a cold metal probe to remove cataracts intracapsular extraction
Visual distortion of objects metamorphopsia
Visual examination of the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane using an otoscope otoscopy
Visual examination of the interior of the eye using a hand-held instrument called an ophthalmoscope, which has various adjustable lenses for magnification and a light source to illuminate the interior of the eye ophthalmoscopy
Created by: DawnLangridge