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Purple Module

Nervous System Review

A disorder characterized by seizures epilepsy
Abnormal, deep unconsciousness coma
Abnormally small head microcephaly
All-consuming desire to remain thin anorexia nervosa
Binging and purging bulimia nervosa
Brain injury causing transient loss of consciousness concussion
Cavity of an organ ventricle
Circular opening made in the skull to relieve ICP trephination
Conveys impulses for voluntary functions somatic nervous system (SNS)
Conveys impulses to glands, smooth muscles and cardiac muscles autonomic nervous system (ANS)
Depress CNC functions to induce sleep hypnotics
Disease of the myelin sheath multiple sclerosis (MS)
Disease of the spinal cord myelopathy
Functions include sensory perception and interpretation, muscular movement and emotional aspects of behaviour and memory cerebrum
Inability to comprehend auditory, visual, spatial, olfactory and other sensations agnosia
Inability to move or talk catatonic
Inability to speak aphasia
Incision into the skull crainiotomy
Includes all nervous tissue of the body found outside the CNS peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Inflammation of the brain encephalitis
Innermost membrane of the the brain and spinal cord pia mater
Involuntary tremble or shake tremor
Involuntary, spasmodic muscular contractions tics
Lack of muscle coordination ataxia
Lack of response, sluggishness lethargy
Major emotional disorder psychosis
Measurs the speed impulses travel through a nerve nerve conduction velocity (NCV)
Middle layer covering the brain and spinal cord arachnoid membrane
Moves away from a central nervous system efferent
Moves toward a central nervous system afferent
Needle puncture of the spinal cavity lumbar puncture (LP)
Network of nervous tissue found in the brain and spinal cord central nervous system (CNS)
Nonpsychotic mental illness neurosis
Occurring without a known cause idopathic
Outer most layer covering the brain and spinal cord dura mater
Pain in the spinal cord myelalgia
Painful, acute infectious disease; aka shingles herpes zoster
Poor development dystrophy
Premonitory awareness of an approaching physical or mental disorder aura
Produce a loss of sensation anesthesia
Psychological "worry" disorder anxiety
Records electrical activity of the brain patterns electroencephalography (EEG)
Refines muscular movement; aids in equilibrium cerebellum
Releive pain analgesics
Sudden and violent contraction of the muscles convulsion
The functional cell of the nervous system neuron
Three membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord meninges
Transmits impulses across the synapse neurotransmitter
Weakness or debility asthenia
What fat-like sheath myelin sheath
List the three major structures of neurons -cell body -dendrites -axons
Which section of the cerebrum can only be seen on dissection insula
What are the four major structures of the brain -cerebrum -cerebellum -diencephalon -brainstem
What are the four major types of neuroglia -astrocytes -oligodendrocytes -microglia -ependyma
What is the function of the hypothalamus regulates activities of the ANS
Describe the spinal cord -transmits sensory impulses -composed of inner-gray/outer-white -located in the spinal cavity
What are the two types or nerve cells found in the nervous system neurons and neuroglia
What are the three types of neurosis -phobia -hysteria -OCD
What does the CNS consist of brain and spinal cord
What is Alzheimer's disease -a progressive neurological disorder -serious mental deterioration
What is CSF -colourless, shock-absorbing fluid -circulating around brain and spinal cord
What is Parkinson disease -aka shaky palsy -progressive neurological disorder -responsible for controlling movement
What is the brainstem composed of -midbrain -medulla -pons "bridge"
What is the function of the pons act as a bridge connecting the midbrain to the medulla
What is the function of the thalmus receives all sensory stimuli except olfactory (sense of smell)
AD Alzheimer's disease
ADHD attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ASAP as soon as possible
BEAM brain electrical activity mappine
C1 first cervical vertebra
CNS central nervous system
CP cerebral palsy
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CTA computed tomography angiogram
CVA cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
EEG electroencephalography
EMG electromyography
ICP intracranial pressure
L3 third lumbar vertebra
LOC loss of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
MEG magnetoencephalography
MRA magnetic resonance angiogram
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
NCV nerve conduction velocity
OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder
PET positron emission tomography
PNS parasympathetic nervous system, peripheral nervous system
SRS steriotatic radiosurgery
SNS sympathetic nervous system, somatic nervous system
STAT immediately
T12 12th thoracic vertebra
TIA transcient ischemic attack
US ultrasound, ultrasonography
Created by: DawnLangridge