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Finalexam review2

chap2vocab

TermDefinition
bay part of a large body of water that extends into the shoreline
channel wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other
climate usual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time
current moving streams of water in the worlds oceans;affects climate
drought long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage
elevation height above sea level
landform individual features of the land
gulf part of a large body of water that enstends inland;larger than a bay
harbor a sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely
hurricane violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall
island land completely surrounded by water
lake a sizeable inland body of water
high-latitude climate cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the north pole and from 60 degrees south to the south pole
highland climate ccol or cold climate that varies with elevation
tropical climate warm year round extends from the equator to the tropic of cancere and from the equater to the tropic of capricorn
mid-latitude climate temperate climate extend from 231/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 degrees south to 60 degrees south
prevailing wind movements to air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern
el nino caused by combination of temperture wind and water
el nino (count.) formes when cold winds from the north are weak. pacific ocean gets warmer. occurs every three years.
La nina eastern winds become strong and the opposite of el nino occurs-pacific ocean gets colder
dry climate dry to partially dry areas with little to no rain; temperatures can range from very cold to very hot
typhoon name for a hurricane in asia
tornado funnel-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm
tropics low latitude region between the tropic of cancer and the tropic capricorn
mountain land with steep sides that rise sharply (1000ft or more) from surrounding land
mountain range a series of connected mountains
monsoon seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time
weather unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time
peninsula body of land jutting out into a lake or an ocean surrounded on three sides by water
plain area of low land at low elevation; covered with grass
plateu flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 300-3,0000ft high
physical creature characteristics of a place-naturally occuring like landforms,climate,recources
river large natural stream of water that runs through land
sea large body of water partially or completely surrounded by land
strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
ocean one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
volcano mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
valley area of lowland between hills and mountasins
Created by: Keyshaun53