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Domi'sGeo Final #2&3

Landforms and Climate

TermDefinition
Part of a large body of water that extends into shoreline Bay
Wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to eact other Channel
Usual predicatble pattern of weather over a long peroid of time Climate
Moving streams of water in the world's oceans; affects climate Current
Long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage Drought
Height above sea level Elevation
Individual features of the land Landform
Part of a large body of water that enstends inland; larger than a bay Gulf
A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely Harbor
Violent tropical storm with high winds and heave rainfall Hurricane
Land completely surrounded by water island
A sizeable inland body of water Lake
Cold climate lies from 60 degrees North to the North Pole and from 60 degrees South to the South Pole High-latitude climate
Cool or cold climate that varies with elevation (like high up in the mountains) Highland Climate
Warm year round extends from the equator to the Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees North) and from the Equator to the Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees South) Tropical Climate
Temperate climate (think seasons) extend from 231/2 degrees North to 60 degrees North and from 231/2 degrees South to 60 degrees South Mid-latitude climate
Movements of air that travel around the Earth in a typical pattern. Prevailing Wind
Caused by the combination of temperature wind and water. Formed when cold winds from the North are weak. Pacific Ocean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 years. El Nino
Eastern winds become strong and the opposite of El Nino occurs-Pacific Ocean gets cooler. La Nina
Dry to partially dry areas with little rain; tempatures can range from very cold to very hot. Dry Climate
Name for a hurricane in Asia Typhoon
Funnel-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm Tornado
Low latitude region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn Tropics
Land with steep sides that rise sharply (1,000 feet or more) from surrounding land Mountain
A seires of connected mountains Mountain Range
A seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long peroid of time Monsoon
Unpridictable changes in the air that take place in a short peroid of time Weather
Body of land jutting out into a lake or an ocean surrounded on three sides by water Penninsula
Area of low land at low elevation; covered with grass Plain
Flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 300-30,000 ft high Plateau
Characteristics of a place-natually occurring like landforms,climate, resources Physical Feature
Large natural stream of water that runs through land River
Large body of water partially or completely surrounded by land Sea
Narrow strech of water joining two larger bodies of water Strait
One of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents Ocean
Mounatin created rock and ash erupt from inside the Earth Volcano
Area of lowland between hills and mountains Valley
Created by: Dominique2301