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Causes Civil War


Missouri enters US as slave state The Missouri Compromise (1820)
Maine enters US as Free state The Missouri Compromise (1820)
36 30 degree line: North is free state, South is slave state The Missouri Compromise (1820)
Cause: Continues the status quo which grows the divide between free and slave states The Missouri Compromise (1820)
California enters US as Free state Compromise of 1850
Territories of New Mexico and Utah get Popular Sovereignty. (right to choose Free or Slave) Compromise of 1850
The Fugitive Slave Act required the North by law to return all runaway slaves. DC bans the slave trade. Compromise of 1850
Cause: Status quo ends with keeping a balance between Free and Slave states. Balance of power will go to the Northern Free States. Compromise of 1850
written by Harriet Beecher Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin published, 1851
Depicts the cruelty of slavery in the South. Uncle Tom’s Cabin published, 1851
Cause: Culture Shift: use of emotion to convince people to help end slavery Uncle Tom’s Cabin published, 1851
Decided to let the territories decide if they would be a free or slave state (Popular Sovereignty) The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854
Cause: Both Pro and Anti slavery groups moving to Kansas to swing the vote. Led to armed conflict. “Bleeding Kansas” The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854
He was a slave. The Dred Scott decision, 1857
Sued his master for his freedom. The Dred Scott decision, 1857
Claimed that b/c they lived in a Free state for a time period he should be free. The Dred Scott decision, 1857
Supreme court ruled that he was not free, b/c African Americans are not citizens they can’t sue. The Dred Scott decision, 1857
An abolitionist who wanted to start a slave revolt by breaking into a Federal armory to arm the slaves John Brown and Harper’s Ferry, 1859
They break into the armory but no slaves come to help John Brown and Harper’s Ferry, 1859
John Brown is tried and hung. John Brown and Harper’s Ferry, 1859
Cause: Prior to this event it was an argument of ideas. turns violent. John Brown and Harper’s Ferry, 1859
Both are running for a Senate seat in Illinois. Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858-1859
Primary issue is slavery (who can decide if a state is free or slave) *Douglas- Popular Sovereignty * lincoln- Legislature Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858-1859
Cause: Both sides of the argument about free and slave are on public display. Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858-1859
Candidates/ Party/ Region 1. Stephen Douglas/ Democrat/ North 2. Abraham Lincoln/ Republican/ North 3. John Bell/ Constitutional Union/ Border States 4. John C. Breckenridge/ Democrat/ South Election of 1860
Results - Lincoln wins the election with only 40% of the popular vote. Election of 1860
Cause: Not one Southern State voted for Lincoln. 1. Politically Powerless 2. South fears Lincoln will ban slavery. Election of 1860
Which event do you feel had the greatest weight starting the civil war. I think the election of 1860
Explain the election of 1860 It was an election to decide who would become president and Lincoln ended up winning the election.
Explain how the election of 1860 caused the civil war. The south did not vote a single vote for Lincoln and he ended up winning and they realized they had no power. The south feared Lincoln would ban slavery.
Created by: 18TroyerO