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ERP Week 1

Vital Signs and Measurements Chpt 37 - Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is? The pressure exerted on the walls of arteries
Hypertension means? High blood pressure
Hypotension means? Low blood pressure
Pressure exerted on the arterial walls during cardiac contraction is called? Systole / Systolic
Systolic pressure is expressed in a reading as? The top number of a blood pressure (BP)
Pressure exerted on the arterial walls during cardiac 'relaxation' is called? Diastole / Diastolic
Diastolic pressure is expressed in a reading as? The bottom number of a blood pressure (BP)
Blood pressures are written as? A fraction 120/80
Blood pressure is measured in? mmHg millimeters of mercury
Blood pressure are measured on an instrument called? sphygmomanometer
Types of sphygmomanometers include: Mercurial and aneroid
Each line on a sphygmomanometer gauge represents? 2 mmHg
Normal systolic range for an adult <120 mmHg
Systolic pressure between 120 - 130 mmHg is? Prehypertnesion
Systolic pressure between 140 - 159 mmHg is? Hypertension stage 1 (HTN)
Systolic pressure > 160 mmHg is Hypertension stage 2 (HTN)
Normal diastolic range for an adult <80 mmHg
Diastolic pressure between 80 - 89 mmHg is? Prehypertension
Diastolic pressure between 90 - 99 mmHg is? Hypertension stage 1 (HTN)
Diastolic pressure >100 mmHg is? Hypertension stage 2 (HTN)
A sudden drop in blood pressure when an individual sits or stands up is called? Orthostatic hypotension or postural hypotension
Orthostatic vital signs refer to: Obtaining a pulse(P) and blood pressure(BP) with the patient lying down, sitting, or standing
Blood pressure results are documented with an arrow side ways if the patient is? Lying down
Blood pressure results are documented with an arrow up if the patient is? Standing
No sign on a BP recording means? The BP was taken while the patient was sitting
Before obtaining a BP, have the patient rest for? 15 minutes
The chosen arm should be? Free of constrictve clothing
The blood pressure cuff should cover? 3/4 of the superior arm
The blood pressure cuff should be placed? One inch (2.54cm) above the anticubital space
An anticubital space is located? At the crease of the elbow
The arrow on the BP cuff should be placed? Over the bracial artery
The BP cuff should be positioned at? Heart level
After placing the BP cuff on the superior arm you should? Palpate the radial artery
While palpating the radial artery you should? Close the valve on the bulb and inflate the BP cuff UNTIL the radial pulse DISAPPEARS
The point where the radial pulse disappears is called the? Palpatory systolic pressure
After obtaining the Palpatory systolic pressure you should? Deflate the BP cuff and ask the patient to raise arm and flex fingers for 30-60 sec (to promote blood flow)
After palpating the brachial artery, place the stethoscope diaphragm and hold securely with light pressure
After placing the stethoscope over the brachial, pump up the BP cuff to 30 mmHg ABOVE the Palpatory systolic pressure and slowly release the pressure from the bulb at 2-3 mmHg per second
The first BP sound should be heard near the? Palpatory systolic reading (representing systolic pressure
The sound made by the systolic pressure sounds like tapping
Where the tapping (systolic sound) stops, represents? The diastolic pressure
If you should hear the systolic tapping all the way to zero, it should be recorded as? 120/80/0
The AMA suggests acquiring a BP from? Both arms
a blood pressure reading is slightly more accurate in which arm? The left
Performing a BP is contraindicated when? 1.An IV is present 2.With an arm injury 3.On the same side as a mastectomy
AED stands for Automated External Defibrillator
Created by: adrouillard