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ERP Week 1

Chain of Infection Chapter 6

What are the link in the Chain of Infection 1.Causative agent (pathogen) 2.Reservoir host 3.Portal of exit 4.Mode of transmission 5.Portal of entry 6.Susceptible host
A pathogen is known as a Causative agent
A reservoir host is an Animal, insect, or human capable of sustaining growth of a pathogen
A portal of exit is How a pathogen leaves the body
Exit portals include: 1.Respirator: breathing, coughing, sneezing 2.GI - Gastrointestinal: emesis, or feces 3.GU - Genitourinary: urine, vaginal secretions, semen 4.Open wound: caused by a break in the skin
The mode of transmission is how a pathogen is: Transferred from a reservoir host to anouther susceptible host
A living organism that carries pathogens from one infected person to another is called a: Vector
Modes of transmission include: 1.Air; breathing 2.Droplet; coughing or sneezing 3.Contact; touch
The most common mode of transmission is: The hands
The portal of entry is how: A pathogen enters the body
Entry portals include: 1.Open wound / break in the skin 2.Mucous membranes; eyelids, nose, mouth, urethra, vagina, anus 3.Respiratory 4.GI; ingesting contaminated food/water 5.GU activites; coitus, copulation
A susceptible host is one who does not have Immunity to a pathogen that enters their body
The susceptibility of a host will depend on: The strength of the individuals immune system
Immune system strength is directly related to: 1.Nutrition 2.Exercise frequency 3.Tobacco/alcohol use 4.Sleep habits
Created by: adrouillard