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Roman Republic

History Test

What is the latifundia? The large estate worked by slaves or tenant farmers
Who were founders and name of their ancestors? Romulus and Remus. (brothers, Romulus is the older) Their ancestors 1. Aneas, Trojan Prince 2. Rhea Silva, their mom 3. Mom's dadm Numitor, King of Alba Longa 4. and Mars (god of war)
What are the seven hills Rome was built on? Aretine, Caelian, Esquiline, Capitoline, Palatine, Vininal, and Quinial
Who was the first emperor of Rome? Augutus
What is the first Roman virtue> Piety (pietas)- A family virtue that implied devotion to gods of required rites and ceremonies to the laws, faithful to service, and patriotism. Seen as chief Roman virtue and prime reason.
What is the second Romman virtue? Faith (fides)- referred to be true to one's word, the psying of one's debts, the keeping of oaths and the fulfilling of obligations assumed in arguments in both the gods and men
What is the third Roman virtue? Gravity (gravitas)- absolute self-control, a dignified seriousness and unperturbed attitude toward both good or bad fortune
What is the fourth Roman virtue? Constancy (constantia)- perseverance even under the most trying circumstances; in doing what is necessary until the ultimate goal is achieved
What did people achieve when they had these four virtues? Dignitas- reputation for worth, honor and esteem and auctoritas- prestige or respect
Describe Rome at the very beginning It's hierarchical, conservative, a great respect of the elders "mos majorum"- customs of the ancestor, very agricultural
Who were the patrons? The higher people, wealthy, well-connected
Which culture influence Rome very much? Greek
Who were the quaestors? They were assist the consuls and praetors in the administration of financial affairs
Who were the Aediles? They supervised the public games and watched over the city's grain (more people, more grain needed)
What was the senate? A council of elders, a select group of 300 men who served for life
What was the centuriate assembly? (one among the popular assemblies) army functioning in its political role, organized by classes based on wealth: more money, higher xlass
What were the two main social class groups? patricians: families who were descendants from the original senators during the period of kings, higher class and the plebians: "independant", poor land owners, crafts people, merchants, smaller farms had less rights than the patricians
Cato, the Elder made a speech of destroying what? Carthage- Phoenician colony- They sacrificed people- Semmentic pratice Molochis- one of the gods of the Phoeicans, whom they would sacrifice to
Explain about the three Punic wars? First Punic War- Romans won, took control over Sicily 2. Hannibal, general invades Italy, go across the north, Hannibal wins many victories: Cannae, Rome still wins 3. Carthage is destoryed
At the second Punic who destroys Carthage where? Scipio, Roman general defeats them at Zama
Who made the laws? Assembly
Who was Spartacus? from Thrace, served Roman army as additional, educated and noble, slave,rebel, got sent to Capu- town to be trained to be a gladiator, plan to overthrow Rome, slave army 60,000-70,000 arm. Frequent wins, no siege equipment,lost by Crassus
Who were the consuls? Chief executive officers of the Roman Republic
Name he order of Epansion and War 1. Conquest of other Latin tribe 2. 3 Semnite Wars 3. Pyrhic War- Pyrrhus od Epirus 4. Punic Wars5. Gallic Wars 6. Tllyrian Wars 7. 4 Macedonia Wars 8. Social Wa 9. Jugurtha 10. Slave War
Who was Caesar and explain about him? He's Maius's nephew, mentor o Cassus, becomes governer of Gaul, fights in he Gallic wars, in Alesia, he beats 180,000 celts ,he surrenders, Pompey allied o defeat Ceasar, Ceasar wins at the island of Pharsalus, made himself full tribune, Julian-calendar
What was the name of the leader of the Gauls, whom Caesar beat? Vercingeorix
Who was the female leader and what did Ceasar help her do? Cleopatra and helps he win a civil war against her brother
Tell about Ceasar's death In the Ides of March (15)- Ceasar us assaisnated- stabbed to death, Brutus- possibly his son was one of the killers
Who was Catullus? Lyric Poetry writer
Who was Plauus? Playwright, wrote comedies, Greek New Comedy, add force and saucy, sexual humor, 26 plays
Who was the Gracchi? Tiberius (older by 9 years) and Gaius Gracchus- ancient family. Mother, daughter of Scipio, Taught by Greek tutors and democratic idols, disillionezed by Senates treatment, Elected , push land reform reposes public land and give small plots.
Who was the Gracchi? (second part) Land bill passed. Assembly but Senate not fund it. Ran Tribune for the second time and elected. Senate condems him as a tyrannt, clubbed to death Gaius: elected tribune- land reform road and public works lec frumentaria- buy and import grain,
Who was Sulla? poor, patrician family, defeat Mithridates of Pontus, Civil War between Marius and Sulla, dictator with no time limit 9,000 murdered and take property changes to weaken the Assemboly- Novus Homo- a new man
Who was Pompey? Novus Homo (New family), father consul, wealthy provincal family, served in the military, opposed Marius and support Sulla, rasied 3 legions, consul at 35 with Crassnus , crushed the pirates of East Meditterrean in, triumivate with Crassus and Caesar
Whom did Pompey marry? Cesar's daughter but she dies and then he marries an opponent of Caesar
Created by: SEEawesome:)