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History 6

Asia Vocabulary

TermDefinition
subcontinent large land mass that is part of a continent
delta area formed by soil deposits at the mouth of a river
atoll circular shaped islands made of coral
lagoon shallow body of water in the center of an atoll
monsoon seasonal winds that blow steadily from the same direction for several months at a time but change directions at other times of the year
cyclone a storm with high winds and heavy rains
varna one of the four broad classes of human society under Hinduism
caste social class of person is born into and cannot change
reincarnation belief that after a person dies, his or her soul is reborn into another body
dharma duty in Hinduism
karma belief in Hinduism that ones actions in past lives determine the spiritual level into which one is reborn
nirvana state of perfect peace and an end to the cycle of rebirth; the goal of following the eight-fold path of Buddhism
civil disobedience use of nonviolent protests to challenge a government or its laws
boycott to refuse to buy items from a particular country
dzong Buddhist center of prayer and study
sitar long-necked instrument with seven strings on the outside and ten strings inside the neck that provides Indian music with a distinctive sound
sari traditional clothing for women in India, a long rectangular piece of cloth that can be draped around the body in several different ways
green revolution effort to use modern techniques and science to increase food production in poorer countries
jute plant with a tough fiber that is used for making rope, burlap bags and carpet backing
cottage industry home or village-based industry in which people make simple goods using their own equipment
outsourcing hiring workers in other countries to do a set of jobs
nationalize taking control of an industry or company by a government
shipbreaking practice of bringing ashore large oceangoing ships that have been retired from service; they are cut into pieces, and then sold
consumer goods products people buy for personal use
tsunami huge ocean wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor
archipelago group of islands
cordillera region of parallel of mountain chains
loess fine-grained fertile soil deposited by the wind
gorge like a canyon, a steep-sided valley formed when a river cuts through the land that is being lifted upward
tungsten metal combined with iron to make steel also used to make the filaments in electric light bulbs and parts of rockets that must resist high amounts of heat
teak high quality wood used to make buildings and ships because it is strong and durable
dzud weather pattern in Mongolia in which a harsh winter follows a dry summer
landslide disaster that occurs when soil is washed down steep hillsides due to an earthquake or heavy rain
dynasty line of rulers from a single family that holds power for a long time
porcelain high-quality kind of pottery that can be very thin and is covered with a shiny coating
census a count of the number of people living in an area or country
novel long fictional story
shogun military leader who ruled Japan in early times
samurai powerful land-owning warrior in Japan
sphere of influence an area of a country where a single foreign power has been granted exclusive trading rights
free port place where goods can be unloaded, stored, and shipped again without payment of import taxes
megalopolis huge urban area made of several large cities and nearby communities
calligraphy art of beautiful writing
pagoda tower with many stories built as a temple or a memorial
haiku form of Japanese poetry known for being short and following a specific structure
yurt large circular structure made of animal skins that can be packed up and moved from place to place; used as a home in Mongolia
human rights basic freedoms and rights, such as freedom of speech, that all people should enjoy
exile being forced to live outside one's country for political reasons
intensive agriculture kind of farming that involves growing crops on every available piece of usable land
trade deficit situation that occurs when the value of a country's imports is higher than the value of its exports
tatami straw mats that are typically used to cover floors in Japan
kimono traditional Japanese clothing; a long robe, usually made of silk, with an open neck and large sleeves held in place by a wide sash
anime Japanese style of animation that arose in the late 1900's and appears in comic books and cartoons
celadon highly priced style of pottery that has a greenish tint
hangul writing system developed in the 1400's to write the Korean language in which characters represent sounds rather than ideas
demilitarized zone (DMZ) area in which neighboring countries agree not to put any soldiers or weapons
land reform policy of South Korean government that broke large estates into smaller family farms and provided fertilizer for farmers
precious gem valuable stone
mangrove tree that grows along coastal areas in tropical regions; mangrove forests help maintain the health of coastal environments
terraced field strips of land cut out of a hillside like stair steps on which crops are planted
Created by: LouCat on 2014-05-10



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