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World Geo

Chapter 24-27 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Sahel the arid area on the S flank of the Sahara desert that stretches across six countries from Senegal to Chad.
Colonialism the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.
Plateaus an area of relatively level high ground.
Escarpments a long, steep slope, especially one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights.
Chaparral vegetation consisting chiefly of tangled shrubs and thorny bushes.
Savanna a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees.
Oral history the collection and study of historical information using sound recordings of interviews with people having personal knowledge of past events.
Nomadic herding Herding is the act of bringing individual animals together into a group, maintaining the group and moving the group from place to place—or any combination of those
Leaching drain away from soil, ash, or similar material by the action of percolating liquid, especially rainwater.
Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land.
Population density It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans.
Delta a code word representing the letter D, used in radio communication.
Fellaheen is a peasant, farmer or agricultural laborer in the Middle East and North Africa. The word derives from the Arabic word for ploughman or tiller.
Sandstorm a strong wind carrying clouds of sand with it, especially in a desert.
Bazaar An open-air market; a street lined with shops and stalls.
Basin irrigation In Egypt, a system by which water and silt was controlled
Reservoir a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply.
Perennial irrigation a system which allows the land to be irrigated at any time.
Capital Wealth in the form of money or property owned or used in business.
Wadi a valley, ravine, or channel that is dry except in the rainy season.
Caravan A large group of merchants who join together to travel in safety
Medina the old Arab or non-European quarter of a North African town.
Souk an Arab market or marketplace; a bazaar.
Shifting agriculture a form of agriculture, used especially in tropical Africa, in which an area of ground is cleared of vegetation and cultivated for a few years and then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored.
Forage search widely for food or provisions.
Deforestation is the clearing of trees, transforming a forest into cleared land.
Refugee a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.
Landlocked almost or entirely surrounded by land; having no coastline or seaport.
Inland delta the interior of a country or region
Coup The sudden overthrow of a ruler or government.
Ancestor worship The belief that respecting and honoring one's ancestors will cause them to live on in the spirit world after death.
Animism The religious belief that such things as the sky, rivers, and trees contain gods or spirits.
World bank
International monetary fund An agency of the United Nations that provides loans to countries for development projects.
structure adjustment program A program to reform the structure of an economy
Watershed an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas.
Mercenary primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics.
Barter The exchange of goods without money.
Harambee A policy of cooperation adopted in Kenya after Independence
Pyrethrum A pesticide produced from certain flowers.
Malnutrition Disease caused by a lack of food or an unbalanced diet.
Strategic value Importance of a place or thing for nations planning military actions.
Ethnocracy A system of government in which one ethnic group rules over others.
Villagization A political movement by which rural people are forced to move to towns and work on collective farms.
Apartheld Formerly in the republic of south Africa.
Seregation The separate of the race.
Sanction An action taken by the international community to punish a country.
Enclave A country completely surrounded by another country.
White flight The departure of white people from a region.
Land redistribution A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts.
Desertification The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention.
Created by: KallieGodfrey