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chapter 24-27

TermDefinition
sahel The region in africa just south of the Sahara
colonialism The system by which countries set up colonies to secure sources or raw materials and markets for their good
chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to mediterranean climates small ever green trees and low bushes or scrub
savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees,located in the warm lands near the Equator.
oral history History passed down by word of mouth
nomadic herding The practice of moving folks to different pastures throughout the year
leaching The dissolving and washing away nutrients in the soil
land degradation Reduction in the productive potential of the land
population density The average number of people living in a given area
delta The land that forms at the mouth of some rivers by soil that is dropped as the river slows and enters the sea
fellaheen Egyptian peasants
sandstrom A windstorm that blows hot air, dust and grit
bazaar An open-air market a street lined with shops and stalls
basin irrigation In egypt a system by which water and silt were controlled by embankments and time-released to irrigate farm lands
reservoir A natural or artificial lake used to collect water for human needs
perennial irrigation An irrigation system that provides necessary water to the land throughout the year
capital Wealth in the form of money or property owned or used in business
wadi A usually dry riverbed or gully that temporarily
caravan A large group of merchants who join together to travel in safety
medina The old system of a north african city usually centered around mosque
souk A market in Arab community
Shifting agriculture The practice of farming a site until the soil is exhausted then moving on to a new site
forage Food for grazing animals
deforestation The process of stripping the land of its trees
landlocked Almost or entirely surrounded by land cut off from the sea
inland delta An area of lakes creeks and swamps away from the ocean
coup The sudden overthrow of a ruler or government often involving violent force or the threat of force
ancestor worship The belief that respecting and honoring one's ancestors will cause them to live on in the split world after death
aniism The religions belief that respecting that such as the sky,rivers and trees contain gods spirits
world bank An agency of the united Nations that provides loans to countries for development projects
International monetary fund An agency of the united Nations that provides loans to countries for development projects
Structural adjustment program A program to reform the structure of an economy
watershed a Dividing ridge between two basins
mercenary A professional soldier hired by a foreign country
barter The exchange of goods without money
harambee A policy of cooperation adopted in kenya after independence to encourage economic growth
pyrethrum
malnutrition
strategic value
ethnocracy
villagization
apartheid
segregation
sanction
enclave
white flight
land redistribution
Created by: coltonsanders