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chapter 24

chapter24 25vocabulary

TermDefinition
sahel the region in africa just south of the sahara
colonialism the system by wich countries set up colomoes to secure secures raw materials and markets for their prodicts
plateau an area if high flat land
escarpment a steep cliff that separates two level areas of diffrering elecations
chaparral a type of natural vegtation that is adapted to mediterranean climates small evergreen trees and low bishes or scrub
savanna a tropoical frasslamnd with scatered trees located in the warm lands near the equator
oral history history passed down by word of mouth
nomadic herding the practive of moving flocks to diffrent pastures thought the year
leaching the dissolving and washing away nutrients in the soil
land degradation reduction in the productive potential of the land
delta the land that forms at the mouth of some river by that is droed as the river slows and enters the sea
sandstorms a windstorm that blows hot air dust and grit
bazzar an open air market a street lind with shops and stalls
basin irrigation in egypt a system by wich water and silt were controlled by embakments and time released to irrigate farmlands
reservoir a natrural or artifical lake used to colect water
perennial irrigation an rrigation system that provides necessary water to te land troughtout the year
capital wealth in the form of money or property owned or used in usiness
fellaheen egyptian peasants
wadi a usually dry riverbed or gully that temporarily holds water from a sudden downpour
caravan a large group of merchants who join together to travel in safety
medina the old section of a north african city isually centered around a mosque
souk a market in an arab coumminty
shifting agriculture the practice of farming a site intill the soil is exhausted them moving on to a new site
forage food for grazing animals
deforestation the striping the land of its trees
refugee a person who flees his or her country to escape danger or unfair treatment
LANDLOCK srueounnded by land
inland delta an area of lakes creeks and swamos away from the ocean
international monetary fund an agency of the united nations that provides loans to countries for development project
structural adjustment program a program to reform the structure of an economy
world bank an agency of the united nations that provides loans to countries for development projects
watershed a dividin ridge between two basins
mercenary a professional soldier hired by a goreign country
barter the exchange of goods wiht out money
harambee a policy of cooperation adopted n kenya after indepedence to encourage economic growth
pyrethrum a pesticide produced from ertain flowers
malnutrition disease caused by a lack of food or an unbalanced diet
strategic value importane of a place or thing for nations planning military actions
ethnocaracy a system of government in wich one ethnic group rules over others
villagization a political movement by wich rural people are fources to move to towns and work on collective farms
apartheid formely in the republic of sound africa the polic of strict racial segregation
segregation the separation of the races
sanction an action by the international behaviors
enclave a country completely surrounded by another country
white fight the departure of white people from a region
land redistribution a policy by wich land is taken form those who own large amounts and redostronuted to those who hae littiel or none
coup the sudden overtrow of a rler or government often involing violent forve or the threat of force
ancestor worship the belif that respectin and honoring ones ancestors will cause them to live on in the spirit world after death
animism the religous belief that such things as the sky rivers and trees contain gods or sprits
Created by: brandondennis