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Chapter 20

Truman Doctrine stated that the United States would provide money to countries (in this case, Greece) threatened by Communist expansion.
Dean Acheson the U.S. secretary of state
Marshall Plan designed to rebuild the prosperity and stability of war-torn Europe.
satellite states The political term satellite state designates a country that is formally independent in the world, but under heavy political, economic and military influence or control of another country.
policy of containment keep communism within its existing boundaries and prevent further Soviet aggressive moves
arms race both countries built up their armies and weapons
NATO Belgium, Luxembourg, France, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, and Iceland signed a treaty with the United States and Canada
Warsaw Pact the Soviet Union joined with Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania in a formal military alliance
SEATO Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
CENTO Central Treaty Organization
deterrence This policy held that huge arsenals of nuclear weapons on both sides prevented war
Nikita Khrushchev emerged as the new leader of the Soviet Union in 1955, tried to take advantage of the American concern over missiles to solve the problem of West Berlin.
Domino theory The theory that an event in one country will cause similar events in another country
Heavy industry the manufacture of machines and equipment for factories and mines
de-Stalinization process of eliminating the more ruthless policies of Stalin
Alexander Solzhenitsyn Russian novelist
Tito the leader of the Communist resistance movement
Imre Nagy the Hungarian leader, declared Hungary a free nation on November 1, 1956, and promised free elections
Alexander Dubcek was elected first secretary of the Communist Party
Charles de Gaulle Gaulle helped establish a new govern- ment called the Fourth Republic
welfare state a state in which the government takes responsibility for providing citizens with services and a minimal standard of living
bloc a group of nations with a common pur- pose
real wages the actual purchasing power of income
John F. Kennedy became the youngest elected president in the history of the United States
Martin Luther King, Jr. leader of a growing movement for racial equality
consumer society a society preoccupied with buying goods
Simone de Beauvoir she published her highly influential work, The Second Sex
Created by: rachel_williams