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Endocrine Reverse Definitions

a common pancreatic disorder involving insulin secretion into the blood, either in too much or too little quantities diabetes mellitus
a condition of being abnormally small; may be hereditary or an endocrine dysfunction dwarfism
a condition of eating abnormally large amounts of food polyphagia
a glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex cortisol
abnormal amount of glucose in the urine glycosuria
abnormal condition of poisoning of the thyroid gland thyrotoxicosis
abnormal increase in the volume of blood plasma in the body hypervolemia
abnormal overgrowth of the entire body caused by hypersecretion of pituitary growth hormone before puberty gigantism
abnormal low amount of calcium in the blood hypocalcemia
acting in opposition; mutually opposing antagonistic
administtration of radioactive iodine in pill or liquid form is used as a tracer to test how quickly the thyroid gland takes up iodine from the blood radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU)
adrenaline-produced in the adrenal mendulla. Increases heart rate, fat metabolism for energy, and dilates the bronchial tubes epinephrine
agent that mimics the effects of the sympathetic nervous system sympathomimetic
an acute stage of diabetes mellitus characterized by hypotension and eventually, coma ketoacidosis
an organ that contains groups of cells called the islets of Langerhans which produce endocrine secretions, such as insulin and glucagon pancreas
blood tests to aid in the diagnosis of insulin deficiency serum glucose tests
body mass index of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight morbid obesity
chronic disorder of the adrenal glands caused by a deficiency of cortical hormones Addison disease
cluster of cells in the pancreas which produce insulin and glucagon islets of Langerhans
condition in which the calcium level in the blood is higher than normal hypercalcemia
condition in which the potassium level in the blood is higher than normal hyperkalemia
crisis of uncontrolled hyperthyroidism caused by the release into the bloodstream of increased amount of thyroid hormine; also called thyroid crisis or thyrotoxic crisis thyroid storm
diagnostic test in which insulin is injected into the vein to assess piti=uitary function, adrenal function, and to determine insulin sensitivity insulin tolerance test (ITT)
disorder caused by hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex, resulting in excessive production of steroids Cushing syndrome
endoscopic procedure to surgically remove a pituitary tumor through an incision in the sphenoid sinus without disturbing the brain transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20 percent or more above ideal body weight obesity
excessive amount of insulin in the blood - insulin shock hyperinsulinism
excessive amount of sugar in the blood hyperglycemia
excessive distribution of body hair, especially in women hirsutism
excessive secretion hypersecretion
excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually to control hyperparathyroidism parathyroidectomy
excision of the thymus gland thymectomy
excision of the entire thyroid gland, a part of it, or a single lobe thyroidectomy
extreme depletion of potassium in the blood usually lost in diuresis hypokalemia
formation of glucose from glycogen glucogenesis
four separate glands that are located on the posterior surface of the lobes of the thyroid gland parathyroid glands
glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood stream endocrine glands
hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that allows body cells to use glucose for energy or store it in the liver as glycogen insulin
hormones in the adrenal cortex that regulate water and mineral salts in the body mineralocorticoids
human growth hormone found in the anterior pituitary lobe somatotropin
hypophysis; pea-shaped gland that is located at the base of the brain pituitary gland
images of the thyroid gland are obtained after oral or intrvenous administration of a small dose of radioactive iodine thyroid scan
imaging technique that rotates an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measures the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles computed tomography (CT)
inadequate secretion hyposecretion
increased skeletal growth in children and growth hormone deficiencies in adults growth hormone replacements
increased formation and secretion of urine diuresis
inner section of the adrenal gland which secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine adrenal mendulla
lack of development atrophy
largest gland on the endocrine system. Located in the neck just below the larynx thyroid gland
lower blood glucose by promoting its entrance into body cells and converting glucose to glycogen insulins
lower than normal level of sodium in the blood hyponatremia
masculinization or development of male secondary sex characteristics in a woman virilism
measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as seen in Graves disease exophthalmometry
medications used to stimulate the pancreas to secrete insulin oral hypoglycemics
method of choice for removing a fibrous, nodular thyroid partial thyroidectomy
mineral salts that carry an electrical charge in solution electrolytes
multisystem autoimmune disorder characterized by pronounced hyperthyroidism usually associated with enlarged thyroid gland and exophthalmos Graves disease
noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
noradrenalin; produced in the adrenal medulla. Increases blood pressure and constricts vessels norepinephrine
one of the two major hormones produced by the thyroid. Regulates metabolism and energy levels thyroxine (T4)
one of the two major hormones produced, stored and released by the thyroid gland. triiodothyronine (T3)
outer section section of the adrenal gland that secretes steroids adrenal cortex
pine-coned shaped gland that is attached to the posterior part of the third ventricle of the brain pineal gland
process in which substances are broken down or built up during chemical reactions that are necessary to maintain life metabolism
protrusion of eyes due to swelling in tissues; often associated with Grave's disease exophthalmos
rare hormone disorder in adulthood, usually caused by a GH-secreting pituitary tumor that promotes the soft tissue and bones of the face, hands, and feet to grow larger than normal acromegaly
reduce or control excretion of urine antidiuretics
removal of most of the thyroid to relieve hyperthyroidism subtotal thyroidectomy
replace or supplement thyroid hormones thyroid supplements
replacement hormones lost in adrenal insufficiency corticosteroids
screening test in which a dose of glucose is administered and blood samples are taken afterward at regular intervals to determine how quickly glucose is cleared from the blood glucose tolerance test (GTT)
small chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla, causing elevated heart rate and blood pheochromocytoma
steroid produced in the adrenal cortex. Is essential to life. Maintains sodium and potassium levels aldosterone
steroids in the adrenal cortex that influence the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins glucocorticoids
substance in which carbohydrates are stored in the liver for future conversion into sugar glycogen
surgical excision of an adrenal gland adrenalectomy
surgical excision of the thyroid gland thyroidectomy
test that detects an increase of decrease in thyroid function thyroid function test (TFT)
test that measures glucose levels in a blood sample following a fast of at least 8 hours fasting blood glucose
test that measures calcium to detect bone and parathyroid disorders total calcium
the study of ductless glands, their secretions, and their function of homeostasis endocrinology
thyroid poisoning thyrotoxic
too little sugar in the blood hypoglycemia
total pituitary impairment that brings about a progressive and general loss of hormonal activity panhypopituitarism
treat hyperthyroidism by impeding the formation of T3 and T4 hormones antithyroids
treat type 2 diabetes mellitus by stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin and decrease peripheral resistance to insulin oral antidiabetics
tumor of a gland adenoma
tumor of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas insulinoma
two bean-shaped glands situated on top of the kidneys which secrete steroid and sex hormones adrenal glands
ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland thyroid echogram
underdevelopment of internal secretions of male sex glands hypogonadism
vasopressin; promotes reabsorption of water in the kidneys antidiuretic hormone
excessive thirst polydipsia
hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates the liver to change stored glycogen to glucose glucagon
Created by: DawnLangridge