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Bonewit Ch.19

Bonewit Ch.19 addendum

Albumin aminotransferase (ALT) Detects liver disease Reference range:45 U/L or less.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) Assists in the dx of liver & bone disease REference range: 25-140 U/L
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) Detects tissue damage, especially glomerular functioning Reference range:7-25 mg/dL
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) Screens for renal disease,especially glomerular functioning Reference range:7-25 mg/dL
Calcium (CA) To assess parathyroid functioning & calcuium metabolism & evaluate malignancies Reference range:8.5-10.8 mg/dL
Chloride (Cl) Assists in diagnosing disorders of acid-base & water balance Reference range:96-109 mmol/L
Cholesterol (Chol) To screen for atherosclerosis related to coronary artery disease; secondary aid in study of thyroid & liver functioning Reference range:(desirable)less than 200 mg/dL
Low Density Lipoprotein (LD) Complex molecules found in cholesterol; picks up cholesterol from ingested fats & the liver, delivers to blood vessels &muscles; aka bad cholesterol Reference range: (optimal)less than 100 mg/dl
High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Complex molecules found in cholesterol; removes excess cholesterol from the cells & carries it to the liver to be excreted; aka good cholesterol Reference range:(optimal) 60 mg/dl or greater
Creatinine (Creat) Screening test of renal functioning Reference range:0.6-1.5 mg/dl
Globin (Glob) To identify abnormalities in rate of protein synthesis & removal Reference range: 2-304 g/dl
Glucose To detect disorders of glucose metabolism Reference range: varies
Fasting blood glucose (FBG) or Fasting blood sugar (FBS) Blood sugar done with patient having being NPO or 12 hours prior tp test. Reference range: Normal 70-99 mg/dL
oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) Provides more detailed info about the ability of the body to metabolize glucose by assesing the insulin responce to a glucose load. Reference range: 139 mg/dL or less
Lacate dehydrogenase (LD) Assists in confirming myocardial or pulminary infarction; also used in differential dx of MD and pernicious anemia Reference range: 240 UL or less
Phosphorus (P) Assists in proper eval & interpretation of calcium levels; used to detect disorders of endocrine system, bone disease & kidney function Reference range:205-405 mg/dL
Potassium (K) To dx disorders or acid-base & water balance in the body Reference range 305-503 mmol/L
Sodium (Na) To detect changes in water & salt balance in the body Reference range: 135-147 mmol/L
Total Bilirubin (TB) To evaluate liver functioning & hemolytic anemia Reference range: 0.2-1.3 mg/dL
Total protein (TP) Screens for disease that alter protein balance &assesses state of body hydration Reference range:4.5-12 ug/dL
Triglycerides (Trig) To evaluate patients with suspected atherosclerosis Reference range: less than 150 mg/dL
Uric acid (UA) To evaluate renal failure,gout,& leukemia Reference range: male 3.9-9 mg/dL female 2.2-7.7 mg/dL
Created by: kaylasharp