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Chapters 3

1920s - PART I - Interwar Period 1919-1939

the rise in prices for goods and services that increases the cost of living and triggers demand for higher wages inflation
a social and economic theory that property, production and distribution of goods and services should be OWNED BY THE PUBLIC, and the labour force organized for the benefit of ALL members of society. communism
believing in a system in which the government controls essential parts of the economy so that everyone benefit. socialist
factories, offices, or other operations set up in Canada but owned or controlled by U.S. or other foreign companies. branch plants
taxes on imported goods. In 1930, RB Bennett promised that these 'taxes' would blast Canadian exports into world markets. tariffs
an industry that deals with the extraction or collection of raw materials, such as mining or forestry. primary industry
an industry that deals with manufacturing or construction. secondary industry
massive strike in Canada organized by workers and unions in 1919. Winnipeg General Strike
negotiation of a contract between unions and management regarding such things as wages and working conditions. collective bargaining
the fear that communism would spread to Canada (from the USSR) Red Scare
June 21, 1919 - when the Royal North-West Mounted Police charged a crowd of protesters during the Winnipeg General Strike. Blood Sunday
the banning of the sale and consumption of alcohol prohibition
a direct vote by electors on an issue of public importance; the outcome of the vote may not be binding on the government. plebiscite
group of Canadian landscape painters in the 1920s Group of Seven
A unique Canadian artist and writer born in Victoria (1871) Emily Carr
a court case in which the Famous Five successfully fought to have women declared "persons" under Canadian law in 1929. Went all the way to the British Privy Council. Persons Case
Five Alberta women who fought for the political status of women Famous Five
The document that describes the powers and responsibilities of the government and its parts, and the rights of citizens. Canadian Constitution
Claims by Aboriginal peoples to lands that their ancestors inhabited. Aboriginal title
lands taken from reserves without consent of the Aboriginal peoples. cut-off lands
giving up one's status as an 'Indian' with an objective to assimilate them. enfranchisement
the freedom for a group to form its own government self-determination
a political system that divides power between federal and provincial legislatures federalism
a concern for the affairs of one's own region over those of one's country. regionalism
trade between countries without tariffs, export subsidies, or other government intervention free trade
move from private to government ownership nationalize
a government in which the ruling party has less than half the total number of seats in the legislature. minority government
An act passed in 1927 to provide social assistance to people over 70. Old Age Pension Act
The Canadian government's 'refusal' in 1922, lead by King, to support British troops in defending a strategic Turkish port; the first time the Canadian government did not support the British military. Chanak Crisis
A 1923 treaty between Canada and the US to protect a specific fish species along the Pacific Coast; the first treaty negotiated and signed independently by the Canadian government. Halibut Treaty
the person who represents the British crown in Canada Governor General
a situation that occurred in 1926 when Governor General Byng refused Prime Minister King's request to dissolve Parliament and call an election. King-Byng Crisis
A formal alliance (albeit temporary) of political parties. coalition
a meeting of the leaders of the countries in the British Empire Imperial Conference
The conclusions of the 1926 Imperial Conference that acknowledged that Canada was an autonomous community within the British Empire. Balfour Report
the law that changed the British Empire into the British Commonwealth; all commonwealth countries to be considered EQUAL IN STATUS WITH BRITAIN and able to make their own laws. Statute of Westminster
an association of nations that were formally colonies of the British Empire. Still exists today with 53 nations! (British) Commonwealth
the process by which changes can legally be made to the Canadian Constitution. amending formula.
a severe economic downturn in the global economy in the 1930s Depression
Created by: pklassen