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World Geography

Chapter 21,22,23 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Agricultural Revolution The change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place about 1800 b.c.
Civilization An advance culture
Monotheism A belief in one god
Protectorates A area that has its own government but its controlled by ab outside power.
Chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates: small evergreen trees,and low bushes, or shrubs
Poaching Illeagle Hunting
Mosque An islamic place of religious worship.
Muzzin in islam, a crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times each day from a minaret
Minaret A tall, slender tower attached to a mosque
Desalination Plant The process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation
Nomad A person who travels place to place
Trade Deficit A situation in which a country IMPORTS more than it EXPORTS
Trade Surplus A situation in which a country EXPORTS more than it IMPORTS
Autonomy Independence
Genocide Systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Nationalism Pride in one's nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a seperate nation
Chernozem A rich topsoil found in the russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands.
Fundamentalism A set of religious beliefs based on a strict interpretation of a sacred text
Yurt A round tent made of a wooden
Desertification The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention
Mandate A commision from the league of Nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory
Zionist A member of a movement known as Zionism, founded to promote the establishment of an independent jewish state.
Self-Determination The right of a people to determine their own political future
Drip Irrigation A process by which precisely controlled amounts of water drip directly onto plants from pipes, thus preserving precious water rescoures in dry areas.
Potash A mineral used in explosives and fertilizer
Fertile Crescent A region
Milita A citizen army
Anarchy Political disorder and violence; lawlessness
Embargo A severe restriction of trade with other countries
Infrastructure The basic support facilities of a community or country , such as roads or bridges, power plants and schools.
Falaj system In the Arabian Peninsula, an ancient system of underground and surface canals
Secular Wordly,NOt relating to religion
Shah The title of the former ruler in Iran
Ayatollah A religious leader among Shiite Muslims
Created by: Dance1999