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Human Geograpy

Chapter 5: Language

TermDefinition
Creole or creolized language A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Denglish Combination of German and English.
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Extinct Language A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
Franglais A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language ; a combination of francais and anglais the French words for "French" and :"English" respectively.
Isogloss Geographical boundary of a language feature.
Isolated language A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
Language branch A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago.
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Language group a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display many similarities in grammar and vocabulary.
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
Literary tradition A language that is written as well as spoken.
Native speakers people for whom a particular language is their first language.
Official Language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Pidgin language A language that mixes a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca with another language.
Spanglish Combination of Spanish and English , spoken by Hispanic Americans.
Created by: Raelee