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common blood chemistry test- Cheyenne Rice

Albumin aminotransferase (ATL) detects liver disease reference range:45 U/L or less
Alkaline phospatase (ALP) assists in dx of liver & bone disease Reference range: 25-140 U/L
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) detects tissue damage reference range 40 U/L or less
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) screens for renal disease, especially glomerular functioning Reference range: 7-25 mg/dL
Calcium (CA) to assess parathyroid functioning & calcium metabolism & evaluate malignancies Reference range 8.5-10.8 mg/dL
Chloride (Cl) assists in diagnosing disorders of acid-base & water balance Reference range 96-109 mmol/l
Cholesterol (Chol) to screen for atherosclerosis related to coronary artery disease; secondary aid in study of thyroid & liver functioning Reference range (desirable) less then 200 mg/dL
Low density lipoprotein (LDl) complex mole found in the cholesterol; picks up cholesterol from ingesteD fats & the liver, delivers to blood vessels & muscles; aka bad cholesterol Reference range(optimal) less then 100 mg/dL
high density lipoprotein (HDL) complex mole found in the cholesterol;removes excess cholesterol from the cells & carries it to the liver to be excreted; aka good cholesterol Reference range (optimal) 60 mg/dl or greater
Creatinine (Creat) screening test of renal functioning Reference range: 0.6-11.5 mg/dl
Globulin (GLOB) to identify abnormalities in rate of protein synthesis & removes Reference 2-3.4 g/dl
glucose to detect disorders of glucose metabolism Refeence rang varies
FBG FBS blood sugar done with patient having being NPO for 12 hours prior to test. reference range normal 70-99 mg/dl
2 hour postprndial blood sugar 2-hr ppbs often performed on patients with DM to eval progrss & regulate tx OR AS ROUTINE SCREENING TO DETECT DM. the patient fasting after midnight; breakfast contains 100g of carbs OR drinks a glucose solution. refernce range; less then 140 mg/dl
Oral glusoce tolerance test OGTT provides more detailed info about the ability to the body to metabolize glucose by assessing the insulin response to a glucose load. reference range: 139 mg/dl or less
Lactate dehydrogenase LD assists in confirming myocardial or pulmonary infarction; also used in differential dx of MD and pernicious anemia Reference range 240 UL or less
Phosphorus P assists in proper eval & interpretation of calcium levels; used to detect disorder of endocrine syatem, bone disease & kidney function reference range 2.5-4.5
Potassium K to dx disorders or acid-base & water balance in the body reference range 3.5-5.3
sodium Na to detecr change in water & salt balance in the body Reference range 135-147 mmol?
total biliruin TB to evaluate liver functioning & hemolytic anemia reference range 0.2-1.3 mg/dl
total protein screens for disease that alter protein balance & assesses state of body hydration reference range 4.5-12
triglycerides Trig to evaluate patients with suspected atherosclerosis reference range less then 150 mg/dl
uric acid UD to evaluate renal failure =, gout, & leukemia reference range Male 3.9-9 mg/dl female 2.2-7.7 g/dl
Created by: cheyennerice