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8.6 TERMS- complete

Terminology of the Female Reproductive System

abruptio placentae complete or partial separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labor
acid phosphatase enzyme from prostate gland found in semen, presence in vagina indicates sexual intercourse
adnexa conjoined, subordinate, or associated anatomic parts
alpha fetoprotein a serum protein produced during pregnancy, useful in the prenatal diagnosis of multiple births or birth defects
Apgar score procedure that assigns a score to a newborn after birth to assess heart rate, respiratory rate, muscle tone, response to stimulation and skin color
areola (pl. areolae) the pigmented area around the nipple
Bartholin glands either of two small, oval, mucus-secreting glands, one on each side of the base of the vagina
Braxton Hicks uterine contractions during the last trimester of pregnancy to strengthen itself in preparation for childbirth
breech a fetus that is presented at the uterine cervix buttocks or legs first
cerclage procedure to place a purse-string suture around the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely
cervix the neck of the uterus
cesarean section procedure to deliver a fetus through an incision in the abdominal wall and uterus
chorion the outermost membrane around the embryo
cilia (sing. cilium) a minute short hairlike process often forming part of a fringe
climacteric a period of life characterized by physiological and psychic change that marks the end of the reproductive capacity of women and terminates with the completion of menopause.
clitoris the organ of sexual response in the female
colostrums the first thick, yellowish milk from the breasts after childbirth
contraception intentional prevention of conception or impregnation through the use of various devices, agents, drugs, sexual practices, or surgical procedures
corpus the main part of a bodily structure or organ
corpus luteum the ruptured ovarian follicle that has filled with fat
curet (also curette) a scoop-shaped surgical instrument for removing tissue from body cavities, as the uterus.
descensus Latin for “falling from a higher position”
elective beneficial to the patient but not essential for survival
gestational diabetes mellitus temporary disorder of glucose metabolism during pregnancy
disproportion out of proportion, as a baby with a large skull and a mother with a small pelvis
dysfunctional not functioning normally
eclampsia a severe disorder of pregnancy with increased blood pressure, edema, weight gain and protein in the urine, can be fatal
embryo a fertilized human egg after 4 days of development through the 8th week of development
exfoliative coming off in scales, as scaling skin or any structure separating in flakes
fetus a human embryo after 8 weeks of development
fimbriae (sing. fimbria) moving, fingerlike projections at the end of the uterine (fallopian) tube
follicle a small bodily cavity or sac
fontanel any of the soft membranous gaps between the incompletely formed cranial bones of a fetus or an infant. (Also “soft spot”)
fornix an anatomical arch or fold
fundus the base of an organ or the part farthest away from its opening
gamete a mature ovum
gene a hereditary unit on a chromosome, determines a particular characteristic in an organism, and is capable of replicating itself at each cell division.
genitalia the organs of the reproductive system (Latin for “pertaining to generation and birth”)
gravida Latin for “pregnant woman” or “pregnancy”
hydatidiform mole an abnormal mass in the uterus
hymen fold of mucous membrane partly or wholly closing the orifice of the vagina
in situ in the natural or original position or place; in situ cancer - confined to the breast duct
in utero still within the uterus
in vitro outside the living body and in an artificial environment of cells
incompetent unable to function properly
inertia lack of activity or movement —used especially of the uterus in labor when its contractions are weak or irregular
infundibulum the funnel-shaped part of the uterine (fallopian) tube
introitus the orifice of a body cavity, especially the vaginal opening (Latin for “entrance”)
jaundice yellowish discoloration of the skin in a newborn
labia majora the two outer rounded folds of adipose tissue that lie on either side of the vaginal opening and that form the external lateral boundaries of the vulva
labia minora the two thin inner folds of skin within the vestibule of the vagina enclosed within the cleft of the labia majora
lecithin a component of surfactant that keeps alveoli from collapsing with each exhalation
lochia small amounts of blood, tissue, and fluid which flow from the uterus after birth
lumpectomy procedure to excise a small malignant tumor of the breast
luteinizing hormone hormone that stimulates a follicle each month to rupture and release an ovum and stimulate the follicle to secrete estradiol and progesterone
malpresentation presentation of a part of a fetus other than the back of the head during parturition
meconium the first thick, greenish-black, sticky stool from a newborn
menses the monthly flow of blood and cellular debris from the uterus that begins at puberty and ceases at menopause
mons pubis the rounded, fleshy pad with pubic hair that overlies the pubic bone
Nägele’s rule procedure used to calculate the patient’s estimated date of birth or due date
nurse midwife allied health professional who (with a physician) manage a patient’s prenatal care, delivery and postpartum care
os an opening into a hollow organ or canal
ovary one of the paired female reproductive organs that produce ova and certain sex hormones, including estrogen
ovum (pl. ova) the female reproductive cell or gamete; egg
Pap smear screening cytology test used to detect abnormal cells or carcinoma in the cervix
para Latin meaning “to bring forth”
peau d’orange dimpling of skin like that of an orange peel
pica an unnatural craving for and compulsive eating of substances with no nutritional value
placenta the organ formed in the uterus from the uterine mucous membrane and the membranes of the fetus, providing for nourishment of the fetus and the elimination of its waste products
placenta previa incorrect position of the placenta either partially or completely covering the birth canal
progesterone hormone secreted by a ruptured follicle after ovulation
prolapse the falling down or slipping of a body part from its usual position
proliferative capable of growing or multiplying by rapidly producing new tissue, parts, cells, or offspring
prostaglandin a hormone-like compound that constricts blood vessels in the uterine wall to prevent excessive bleeding
prosthesis an artificial device to replace or augment a missing or impaired part of the body
Skene’s glands glands located on the anterior wall of the vagina, around the lower end of the urethra
speculum any of various instruments for insertion into a body passage to facilitate visual inspection
sphingomyelin a phospholipid in amniotic fluid, higher when the fetal lungs are immature
tenaculum a long, scissors-like instrument with two curved, pointed ends used to grasp the cervix
testosterone male hormone secreted by cells around the follicle; plays a role in female sexual drive
trimester each of 3 periods of pregnancy lasting 3 months
ultrasound vibrations of the same physical nature as sound but with frequencies above the range of human hearing
umbilicus the depression in the center of the surface of the abdomen indicating the point of attachment of the umbilical cord to the embryo; (also navel)
uterus the hollow, muscular organ of female mammals in which the embryo develops
vagina a canal in females that leads from the uterus to the external orifice opening into the vestibule between the labia minora
vernix caseosa a thick, white cheesy substance that covers the skin of a newborn
vertex a fingerlike projection that the chorion sends ot to implant in the endometrium
villus the top of the head
vulva the external genitals of human females, including the labia, mons veneris, clitoris, and the vaginal orifice (Latin for “a covering for the womb”)
zygote the cell formed by the union of the nuclei of two reproductive cells (gametes), especially a fertilized egg cell
Created by: vikingmedterm