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Indigo Module

Nutrition Spelling

absorption The taking up of liquids by solids or of gases by solids or liquids
dysphagia Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing
calcium Calcium is important for blood clotting, enzyme activation, and acid-based balance. It gives a firmness and rigidty to bones and teeth. It is essential for lactation, the function of nerves and muscles (including heart muscle)
carbohydrates Carbohydrates are one of the six classes of nutrients needed by the body (the others are proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins, and water)
enternal feed Enternal feeding refers to the delivery of a nutritionally complete feed, containing protein, carbohydrate, fat, water, minerals, and vitamins, directly into the stomach, duodenum, or jejunum
cholesterol It is synthesized in the liver and is a normal constituent of bile. It is the principle constiteunt of most gallstones and of atherosclerotic plaques found in the arteries
deficiency Less than normal amount; a lack
dietician An individual whose training and experience in the area of nutrition and who has the ability to apply that information to the dietary needs of the healthy and sick
digestion The process by which food is broken down mechanically and chemically in the gastrointestinal tract and converted into absorbable forms
essential amino acids An amino acid that is required for growth and development but that cannot be produced by the body and must be obtained from food
Ensure Nutritional shakes and drinks can help you reach your healthy goals
malnutrition Is a disease that results typically from inadequate consumption of foods, esp. proteins, iron and vitamins
anabolism The building up of body tissues. It is the constructive phase of metabolism by which cells take from the blood nutrients required for repair or growth and convert these inorganic chemicals into cell products or parts of living cells
metabolism All of the energy and material transformations that occur within living cells
minerals An inorganic element or compound occuring in nature; esp. one that is solid
nutrients Any food that supplies the body with the chemicals necessary for metabolism
potassium It is a mineral that serves as both the principal cation (an iron with a positive electric charge) in intracellular fluid and an important electrolyte in extracellular fluid
protein Any of a class of complex nitrogen-containing compounds synthesized by all living organisms and yeilding amino acids when hydrolyzed. Dietary proteins provide the amino acids necessary for the growth and repair of animal tissue
nutrition The ingestion and utilzation of food by whcih growth, repair, and maintenace of activities in the body are accomplished. The body is able to store some nutrients (glycogen, calcium, iron) for times when food intake is insufficient
refined To purify or render free from foreign material
sodium Constitutes about 0.15% of budy mass. It is the most abundant cation (an ion with a positive electric charge) in extracellular fluids, the main contributor to osmotic pressure and hydration, participates in many specialized pumps and receptors
glucose A simple sugar or monosaccharide, C6H12O6 that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
vitamins Only vitamins A, D and K are made within the body. The rest must be consumed in the diet. Vitamin A-formed from its precursor,carotene; vitamin D-formed by action of ultraviolet light on skin;vitamin K-symbiotic action of bacteria within the intestines
catabolism The destructive phase of metabolism. It includes all the processes in which complex stubstances are converted into simpler ones, often with the release of energy, and cell respiration, for the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Created by: DawnLangridge