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Flash cards for appendix C

absorpition the ammont of medication that enteres the blood stream
Accreditation the process of granting recognition for compliance with stabilished criteria (usualy for institution or programs)
Adjudication refers to the determination of the insurer's payment after the member,s insurance benefits are applied to a medical claim
Ambulatory pharmacy a pharmacy generally located within proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center and provides services to ambulatory patient
Aseptic technique a technic and procedure designed to prevent contamination of drug, packeging equipment or suppliesby by microorganisms
Automated dispensing technology electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed
Automated medication dispensing device a device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medication that are electronicaly dispensed so they may be administered to patient in a controlled manner
Average Wholesale Price(AWP) a commonly used benchmark for billings that are reimbursed in the community pharmacy setting
Beyond-use labeling the expiration date of a product
Bioavailability the percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the blood stream
Brand-name drug a drug that is covered by patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer
Buccal solid medication dosage that is placed between the cheek and gum and absorbed through into the blood stream
Chain pharmacy a pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporate owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
Centralized dispensing automation technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location
Centralized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided from one location in the hospital
Community pharmacy generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within the community that serves ambulatory patients
Certification the process by which a non-governmental agency grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications by that agency
Compounding takes place in the pharmacy and includes the preparation, mixing, packaging,and labeling of a small quantity of drug based on the prescription order for a specific patient
Controled substances drugs or chemical substances regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance law and regulations
Copayment(copay) the portion of the cost of the prescription a patient is responsible to pay
Decentralized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided near a patient care area often supported by central pharmacy
Direct purchasing buying directly from the manufacturer
Dispensing the act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription
Drug distribution services the service used to distribute medication which begins when the medication is received by hte pharmacy and ends when it is administered to the patient
Drug Enforcement Administration(DEA) the federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illigal substances
Durable medical equipment reusable equipment used for the treatment of illness or injury
Electronic medication administration record(eMAR) The computerized medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient
Elixir A clear, sweet, flavored water-and-alcohol(hydroalcoholic) mixture intended for oral use
Excretion the irreversible removal of drug or metabolite from a body fluid
Formulary A specific list of drugs that are included with a given prescription drug plan
Generic drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is generally available from multiple manufacturers
Hazardous material any materials that poses a risk to people, animals, property, or the environment
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act(HIPAA) Guidelines established by the federal lagislation for the protection of patients' private health information
Hospital formulary an approved list of medication that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle
Intradermal Injected into the top layer of the skin
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass
Intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body
Legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. Rx only
Licensure a process by which a government agency grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation
Lozenge A hard, disk-shaped, sugar base solid medication dosage which is held in the mouth and sucked
Mail-order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispence medication that are mailed to the patient
Material safety data sheets Information sheets provided by manufacturers for chemicals or drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace
Medication administration record(MAR) A component of the paper patient medication record in which nurses or other caregivers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient
Medication error Any error occuring in the medication use process
Medication order A written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting
Medication therapy management(MTM) A service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for an individual patient
National Drug Code(NDC)number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification
Ointment Asemisolid medication dosage form applied to the skin or mucous membranes
Over-the-counter(OTC)drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription
Parenteral A route of medication administeration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract
Patient counseling The act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of medication at the time of dispensing
Patient profile A list of information about a patient including name, identification number, date of birth, sex,height, weight, and so on
Pharmacist Alicensed healthcare professional who is engaged in the practice of pharmacy
Pharmacy satelite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide clinical services
Practice of pharmacy A practice which is engaged in pharmaceuticalcare services
Prescription The written or verbal authorization of a medication by an authorized prescriber for an individual patient
Primary prescription label A label, affixed to a dispenced drug, that contains legally required information.
Professional Aperson who practices an occupation that requires advanced specialized training
Professionalism Actively demonsrtating the attitude, qualities and behaviors of a profession while performing one's profession
Purchase order A document executed by a perchaser and forwarded to a supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products or services
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list
STAT A medical abbreviation for immediately
Stock rotation placing products rhat will expire the soonest in the front of the shelf or bin and those with later expiration dates behind them
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
Sublingual placed under the tongue, where it disolves and absorbed into the bloodstream
Suspension A mixture fine particles ofan disolved solid spread throughout a liquid
Technical An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body
Transdermal Through the skin, percutaneous
United dose distribution system Asystem that provides medications to patients in a unit dose ready-to-administer form
Unit-dose package A non-reusable container designed to hold a quantity of drug to be administered as a single dose
Wholesale Alarge-scale warehouse with drugs and supplies that exist to help bring pharmaceutical productscloser to the market
Created by: saba keshi