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HINF 280

Anorexia eating disorder characterized by reduced appetite or complete aversion to food
Peripheral on the outside of (periphery)
Arterial having to do with the arteries
Artery: blood vessel conveying blood from the heart to the rest of the body
Vein: blood vessel conveying blood from other parts of the body to the heart
Ischemia: local deficiency of blood supply produced by vasoconstriction or blockage
Thromboembolism: formation in a blood vessel of a clot
Intravascular: within the blood vessels
Endocarditis: inflammation of the endocardium
Endocardium: the serous membrane that lines the cavities of the heart
Serous: from serum, the pale yellow fluid that separates from the clot during coagulation
Vasculitis: inflammation of the veins, arteries or blood vessels
Systemic lupus erythematosus: autoimmune inflammatory disease of the connective tissues
Aortic: having to do with the main trunk of the arterial system, conveying blood from the left ventricle of the heart to all of the body except the lungs
Aneurysms: permanent cardiac or arterial dilatations, usually caused by weakening of the arterial walls (Aortic aneurysms)
Thromboangiitis: inflammation of the intima of a blood vessel, with thrombosis
Intima: innermost membrane or lining of an organ or body part
Angiitis: (= vasculitis = inflammation of veins, arteries, capillaries or lymph vessels)
Thrombosis: intravascular coagulation (clotting) of the blood in any part of the circulatory system
Hypertension: elevation of the blood pressure, esp. the diastolic pressure
gastroesophageal reflux disease: a chronic condition in which acid from the stomach flows back into the lower esophagus, causing pain or tissue damage
malaria: : group of diseases characterized by chills, sweats and fevers, caused by a parasitic protozoan transmitted by mosquitoes, destroying red blood cells
colonoscopy: visual inspection of the colon via a lighted tube inserted through the rectum
polyp(s): a projecting growth from a mucous surface, being either a tumor or a hypertrophy of the mucous membrane. (a ‘lump’)
hypertrophy: abnormal enlargement of a part or organ
intranasal: occurring within or administered through the nose
vasospasm: sudden constriction of an artery, decreasing the amount of blood it can deliver
murmur (of the heart): an abnormal sound associated with the heart, caused by blood passing through deformations of the cardiac valves
lymphadenopathy: chronic enlargement (swelling) of the lymph nodes
capillary: one of the minute blood vessels between the termination of the arteries and the beginnings of the veins
edema: : effusion of serous (see ‘serum’ ) fluids into the interstices of cells in tissue spaces or into body cavities. Basically, an excessive amount of watery accumulation.
Granulocyte(s): any group of white blood cells having granules in the cytoplasm.
Lymphocyte(s): a type of white blood cell having a large, spherical nucleus surrounded by a thin layer of non-granular cytoplasm. Any of the nearly colorless cells formed in lymphoid tissue.
creatinine: a crystalline end product of creatine metabolism occurring in urine, blood and muscle.
albumin: any of a class of sulfur containing, water soluble proteins that coagulate when heated. Occurs in blood and other tissues.
troponin: a protein of muscle tissue, involved in muscle contraction
prothrombin: a glyco-protein created by and stored in the liver and present in the blood plasma that is converted to thrombin during blood clotting
thrombin: an enzyme of the blood plasma, involved in the last step of the blood clotting process
infarction: a localized area of tissue that is dying or dead, having been deprived of its blood supply
Electrocardiograph(-y)(ECG) An instrument used to measure the electrical activity of the heart.
Echocardiograph(-y): examination of the heart using soundwaves.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): the use of magnetic resonance to create a 3D image of the molecules, especially soft tissues, of the body. Far more detailed than x-rays.
Thalamus: either of the two contiguous egg-shaped masses of grey matter at the base of the brain. Sensory impulses pass through this en route to the cerebral cortex.
Mitral valve: the valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart, consisting of two triangular flaps of tissue, preventing blood from flowing back into the atrium.
Tricuspid valve: same as mitral valve, but on the right.
Left ventricular ejection fraction: ejection fraction is a measurement of the percentage of blood leaving the heart each time it contracts.
Pulmonary: having to do with the lungs
Atrial Septal Defect: congenital opening in the partition between the two upper chambers (atrial) of the heart. This causes/allows blood to flow from the left atrium to the right, which is not a good thing.
Catheter(-ization): a flexible or rigid hollow tube inserted into a bodily cavity for the purpose of draining or introducing fluids.
Transesophageal (Trans – esophagus): passing through or by way of the esophagus
HIV: human immunodeficiency virus: virus that affects/inactivates helper-T cells of the immunity system. Note: Helper-T is not a rap artist.
Hepatitis: inflammation of the liver
Metastatic: the spread of disease causing, malignant or cancerous cells to other parts of the body
Renal: having to do with the kidneys
Adenocarcinoma: a malignant tumor originating in the epithelial cells of glandular tissues and forming glandular structures
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG): Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG): a glycoprotein hormone created by the placenta and maintains the corpus luteum during the first weeks of pregnancy
Corpus luteum: a glandular mass of tissue that creates progesterone
Psychosis: a severe mental disorder, with or without organic damage, characterized by derangement of personality and loss of contact with reality causing deterioration of normal social functioning
Intracerebral: existing within the cerebrum
Hemorrhage: a profuse discharge of blood, rupture, bursting
Congenital: having to do with a condition present from birth
Tuberculosis (TB): any disease caused by mycobacterium and affecting almost any tissue of the body, especially the lungs
Pathophysiology: the physiology (or functional changes) of an abnormal or diseased part or organism
Endothelium: a tissue consisting of a single layer of cells that lines the blood and lymph vessels, heart and some other cavities.
Complement: a blood test that measures the activity of certain proteins in the liquid portion of blood
Necrosis: death of a portion of a body or plant (eg. Necrotized toe)
Platelet: = thrombocyte = minute cell occurring in the blood of vertebrates and involved in the clotting of blood
Spleen: an organ located in vertebrate animals found on the left hand side of the abdomen near the stomach. Composed mainly of lymph nodes and blood vessels, it filters the blood, stores erythrocytes and destroys old ones, and produces lymphocytes.
erythrocytes red blood cells
lymphocytes white blood cells
Created by: Shagarello