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Indigo Module

Integumentary System Reverse Definitions

A chronic disease of unknown orgin, commonly marked by an erythematous rash on face and other areas exposed to sunlight. Involves vascular and connective tissue degeneration of many organs, resulting in multiple local and systemic manifestations. systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
A vesicle or blister larger than 1 cm in diameter bulla
Abnormal condition of dryness or scales ichthyosis
Abnormal condition of hair fungus trichomycosis
Abnormal condition of hidden nail onychocryptosis
Absense of breast amastia
Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives urticaria
Alter the cell wall of fungi or disrupt enzyme activity, resulting in cell death antifungals
An instrument to cut skin dermatome
An open sore or lesion that extends to the dermis and usually heals with scarring ulcer
Any new and abnormal growth neoplasm
Any of several bleeding disorders characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues, particularly beneth the skin or mucous membranes, producing ecchymoses or petechiae purpura
Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patient's sensitivity to it allergy skin test (ST)
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture impetigo
Benign tumor or dilated blood vessels hemangioma
Black tumor melanoma
Block sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers andmucous membranes topical anesthetics
Cancerous malignant
Chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and gerneral keratosis; also called chemabrasion chemical peel
Chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, and scabs accompanied by intense itching (pruritis); also called atopic dermatitis eczema
Chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery, adherent scales caused by excessive development of the basal layer of the epidermis psoriasis
Congenital, non-pathological, partial or total absense if pigment in skin, hair and eyes albinism
Contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact scabies
Cover, cooll, dry, or soothe inflamed skin protectives
Covering integument
Dead matter that is sloughed off from the surface of the skin, especially after a burn eschar
Decrease inflammation and itching by supressing the immune system's inflammatory response to tissue damage corticisteriods
Destroy and soften the outer layer of skin sothat it is sloughed off or shed keratolytics
Diffuse (widespread),acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue cellulitis
Dimpled skin resembling an orange peel peau d'orange
Elevated, circumscribed, fluid-filled lesion less than 0.5 cm in diameter vesicle
Elevated, firm, rounded lesion with localized skin edema (swelling) that varies in size, shapem and color; paler in the center than its surrounding edges; accompanied by itching wheal
Epidermal growth caused by a virus; also known as warts. Types include planter warts, juvenile warts, and venereal warts verruca
Extreme sensitivity to sensory stimuli, especially pain or touch hyperesthesia
Flat, piugmented, circumscribed area less than 1 cm in diameter macule
Form of intraepidermal carcinoma characterized by red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a oatch of psoriasis or dermatitis; also called Bowen precabcerous dermatosis Bowen disease
Forming a complex substance by the union of simpler compounds or element synthesis
Fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm tinea
Genetic term for an agent (usually hormone, such as testosterone and androsterone) that stimulates development of male characteristics androgen
Gland disease adenopathy
Hard skin scleroderma
Infection of the skin caused by fungi dermatomycosis
Infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or headgear pediculosis
Inflammation of a sweat gland hidrodenitis
Inflammation of the nail bed, frequently with loss of the nail onychia
Inflammation of the nipple thelitis
Inflammation of the skin dermatitis
Inflammation, sore, or skin deterioration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissues, usually in elderly bedridden persons; also known as decubitus ulcer pressure ulcer
Inflammatory disease of the subaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin with characteristic lesions that include blackheads, inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts; usually associated with seborrhea; also called acne vulgaris acne
Inhibit allergic reactions of inflammation, redness, and itching caused by the release of histamine antihistamines
Intense itching pruritus
Irregular tear in the flesh laceration
Kills insect parasites, such as mites and lice antiparasitics
Laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area (such as an ulcer, would, or pus from an infection) in order to identify the specific infecting bacterium and then determine its sensitivity to antibiotic drugs culture and sensitivity (C&S)
Layer of skin under the epidermis, which contains living tissue, nerve endings, capillaries, and lymphatics dermis
Layers of cancer-containing skin are progressively removed and examined until only cancer-free tissue remains Mohs
Linear scratch marks or traumatized abrasions of the epidermis excoriations
Localized collection of pus at the sight of an infection (characteristically a staphylococcal infection) abscess
Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches vitiligo
Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin petechia
Necrosis or death of tissue gangrene
Non-cancerous benign
Normal scarring cicatrix
Noted at birth congenital
Outermost layer of skin with no blood or nerve supply epidermis
Palpable, circumscribed lesion; larger and deeper than a papule (0.6 to 2 cm); extends into the dermal area nodule
Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication, or a skin disease; commonly called baldness alopecia
Pertaining to under the skin subcutaneous
pigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in yellowish brown patches or spots chloasma
Procedure in which cells selectively treated with an agent called photo-sensitizer are exposed to light to produce a reaction that destroys the cells photodynamic therapy (PDT)
Raised firm, thickened scar that may grow for a prolonged period of time keloid
Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries erythema
Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch punch (biopsy)
Removal of a small tissue sample sor examination using a hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe needle (biopsy)
Removal of elevated lesions using a surgical blade shave (biopsy)
Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes, or chemical agents debridement
Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination biopsy
Rubbing (abrasion) using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away (abrade) the epidermis dermabrasion
Scab crustation
Scrape abrasion
Skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregular formed hemorrhage area with colours changing from blue-black to greenish-brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise echymosis
Skin grafting; repair of the skin dermatoplasty
Skin test that identifies allergic contact dermatitis by applying a suspected allergen to a patch which is then taped on the skin, usually the forearm, and observing the area 24 hours later for an allergic response patch (ST)
Skin that identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin; also called puncture or prick test scratch (ST)
Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for a subsequent reaction intradermal (ST)
Skin treatment dermatotherapy
Small brown macules, especially of the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged or older person lentigo
Small slit or crack-like sore that extends into the dermal layer; could be caused by continuous inflammation and drying fissure
Small, raised, circumscribed lesion that contains pus; usually less than 1 cm in diameter pustule
Softening of the nail onychomalacia
Solid, elevated lesion larger than 2 cm in diameter that extends into the dermal and subcutaneous layers tumor
Solid, elevated lesion less than 1 cm in diameter that may be the same colour as the skin or pigmented papule
State in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain an internal environment within tolerable levels, despite changes in the external environment homeostasis
Study of fungus mycology
Surgical removal of a small breast tumor lumpectomy
Thick skin pachyderma
Thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart) keratosis
Tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric current; also called electrodesiccation fulguration
Topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria, thus preventing infections in cuts, scratches, and surgical incisions antiseptics
Transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor and usually a pig and transferred to a human; also called a heterograft xenograft (I&D)
Transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern synthetic (I&D)
Transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person; also called homograft allograft (I&D)
Transplantation of a healthy tissue from one site to another in the same individual autograft (I&D)
Transplantation of a healthy tissue to an injured sited skin graft (I&D)
Trauma with unbroken skin contusion
Tumor composed of fat cells lipoma
Typical small skin lesion of acne culgaris caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin comedo
Ultrathin slice of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination frozen section (FS) (biopsy)
Under the nail subungual
Unnatural paleness or absence of colour in the skin pallor
Use of subfreezing temperature (commonly liquid nitrogen) to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue, such as tumors, warts, and unwanted, cancerous, or infected tissue cryosurgury
very small duct ductule
Created by: DawnLangridge