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Pre WW1

When was the suffragist movement founded? And by this time, how many other local branches were there? 1897 & 500 other local branches.
Who founded the suffragist movement? Millicent Fawcett
Who suggested giving votes to women in 1867? the MP John Stuart Mill
And what was the response to this? 73 MPs supported him
Due to this response, what happened? A large number of local women's suffrage societies were created
What had happened by 1902? The campaign had gained the support of working class women as well as middle class women
What happened in 1901-2? Eva-Gore Booth collected the signatures of 67,000 textile workers in Northern England for a petition to parliament.
By what year had the suffragists gained the support of many Liberal MPs and some leading Conservative MPs, as well the the new/small Labour party? 1900.
Describe the situation in parliament with regard to the womens vote. Many back-bench Liberal MPs supported the idea, however many leader opposed because they feared their rival party (Conservative) would gain more votes as it was mainly better off women campaigning. Many Conservative leaders supported as they wanted cont..
cont.. more votes but many back-bench conservative MPs opposed it as they didn't want the role of women to change.
But what else was going on? Neither parties worried too much about female suffrage as there was a crisis in Ireland.
Who was womens suffrage left up to and what would they have to do? Individual MPs who would have to create private bills.
What was wrong with these bills? They were never allowed the time to go through.
What happened in the years up to 1900? In the years up to 1900, parliament received a bill for womens suffrage 15 times - 15 times the bill failed.
Who founded the Suffragette movement and in what year? Emmeline Pankhurst founded the movement in 1903.
WSPU= Women's Social & Political Union
(NUWSS)= National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies
In which newspaper did the Suffragettes soon make the headlines? The Daily Mail.
Who came in from particularly heavy abuse from the suffragettes? The Liberal Prime Minister Asquith who was heavily against female suffrage.
In what year did the suffragette movement become more radical/vocal and why did this happen? It happened in 1908 and it was because the long line of women's suffrage bills had run out of time.
3 things done by suffragettes during this time: 1) The suffragette Edith New started making speeches in Downing Street & to stop the police from moving her on she chained herself to railings. 2) In October, Mrs Pankhurst with her two daughters Christabel & General Flora Drummond were sent to prison
cont. for enciting a crowd to 'rush' the house of commons. 3) During the same year, some suffragettes threw stones through the window of 10 Downing Street.
What did a women getting arrested for her cause show? That it was important to her and it made the news - this was the suffragettes aim.
What was the next stage and in what year? The government promised a Conciliation Bill and this was in 1911.
How much support did this bill gain? It won all party support.
What did both movements do to support the bill? The suffragettes suspended all militant action whilst the suffragists held 4,000 meetings (30 meetings per day).
What majority did the bill get and why was this significant? It got a majority of 167 - the biggest ever!
Then, what happened? Asquith dropped the bill at the last minute.
What did he then announce? That he was instead going to introduce votes for all men, and an extra clause for women's votes could be added on if MPs wanted to do so.
What was the suffragette response? To increase their violence - they smashed windows, set fire to post boxes, bombed churches, etc.
What was the result of this violence? More and more suffragettes were sent to prison.
What were the suffragists responses? to lead a deputation to see the Prime Minister to persuade him to change his mind. They also decided to back the labour at the next election as they were the only party fully committed to female suffrage. They organised a peaceful pilgramige from London
cont. to Carlisle and offered free membership to working women.
Suffragettes in prison: went on hunger strike, gov. responded to this by force feeding protesters, suffragettes made most of this by making posters objecting it, but posters were hardly necessary - force feeding was brutal and won lots of sympathy from the public.
So, what did the government do and in what year? They introduced the The Cat & Mouse Act in 1913. This allowed hunger strikers to leave prison for a while, recover, and then go back.
Then, what happened and on what date? The death of Emily Wilding Davison - the biggest publicised protest of them all. This happened on 5th June 1913.
What exactly happened to her? It was at the Epsom Derby, as the horse rounded Tattenham Corner, Emily Davison (who had been in prison for the cause nine times previously) threw herself in front of the horse and her skull was fatally fractured.
Created by: eloiseis