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Vocabulary

Chapter 34,28,29

TermDefinition
Aborigine An original inhabitant; one of the original inhabitants of Australia
Lagoon A shallow body of water separated from the sea by coral reefs on sandbars
Cyclone A violent, rotating windstorm
Outback Remote, sparsely settled, arid, rural country, especially the central and western plains and plateaus of Australia
Artesian Well A well that is drilled deep enough to tap a layer of porous material filled with groundwater.
Atoll A ring-shaped coral island surrounding a lagoon
Geyser A natural hot spring that shoots a column of water and stream into the air
Trust Territory A dependent colony or territory supervised by another country by commission of the United Nations
Crevasse A deep crack in glacial ice
Ice Shelf A massive extension of glacial ice over the sea, often protruding hundreds of miles
Pack Ice Floating sea ice formed by a mix of icebergs with other ice formed in super chilled ocean waters.
Convergence Zone An area of severe storms where the frigid water circulating around Antarctica meets the warmer waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian ocean
Krill Small, shrimp like creatures; food for whales and fish
Sultanate A sate ruled by a sultan
Nonaligned Nation A nation that adopted neutrality during the Cold War
Subcontinent A large landmass forming a distinct part of a continent
Alluvial Plain A broad expanse of land along riverbanks consisting of rich, fertile soil left by floods.
Monsoon A seasonal shift in the prevailing winds that influences large climate regions.
Nationalism Pride in one's nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation
Nonviolent resistance The policy of opposing an enemy or oppressor by any means other than violence.
Boycott To refuse to purchase or use a product or service as an expression of disapproval
Partition A division into separate parts.
Reincarnation The belief that the soul of a human being or animal goes through a series of birth, deaths, and rebirths.
Caste System A social hierarchy in which a person possesses a distinct rank in society that is determined by birth
Charpoy A wooden bed frame with knotted string in place of a mattress
Sari A brightly colored cloth, worn by many Indian women, that is draped over the body like a long dress.
Purdah The practice among Hindu and Muslim women of covering the face with a veil when outside the home.
Joint family system In India, the custom of housing all members of an extended family together.
Cottage Industry A small-scale manufacturing operation using little technology, often located in or near people's homes.
Hydroelectric Power Electricity t hat is generated by moving water.
Irrigate The watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers.
Embankment Dam A wall of soil and rock to hold back water.
Buffer State A country that separates two hostile countries.
Malnutrition Disease caused by a lack of food or an unbalanced diet.
Deforestation The process of striping land from its trees.
Created by: LilyKilcrease