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anorexia loss of appetite for food
antipsychotics drugs that are used to treat schizophrenia; reduce symptoms of hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorders; also called neuroleptics
anxiety a state of uneasiness characterized by apprehension and worry about possible events
autism a disorder that first appears in childhood, characterized by repetitive behavior and impairment in social interaction and communication; it can be expressed through mood swings, irritability, tantrums, aggression, and self-injury
bipolar disorder a condition in which a patient presents with mood swings that alternate between periods of major depression and periods of mild to severe chronic agitation
cataplexy short periods of muscle weakness and loss of muscle tone associated with sudden emotions such as joy, fear, or anger; a symptom of narcolepsy
delirium tremens (DTs) a condition caused by cessation of alcohol consumption in which coarse, irregular tremors are accompanied by vivid hallucinations
depression a condition characterized by the feeling that life has no meaning, pessimism, intense sadness, loss of concentration, and problems with eating and sleeping
endogenous anxiety anxiety caused by factors within the organism
exogenous anxiety anxiety caused by factors outside the organism
extrapyramidal symptoms disorders of muscle movement control caused by blocking dopamine receptors in the basal ganglia
ghost empty shell of an OROS tablet, excreted in the stool after the drug has dissolved
hypnotic a drug that induces sleep
insomnia difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep or not feeling refreshed on awakening
mania a mood of extreme excitement, excessive elation, hyperactivity, agitation, and increased psychomotor activity
monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOIs) an antidepressant drug that inhibits the activity of the enzymes that break down catecholamines (such as norepinephrine) and serotonin
narcolepsy a sleep disorder in which inappropriate attacks of sleep occur during the daytime hours
neuroleptics drugs that are used to treat schizophrenia; reduce symptoms of hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorders
neurotransmitter a chemical produced by a nerve cell and involved in transmitting information in the body
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) a mental disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent urges to perform repetitive acts such as hand washing
osmotic-controlled release oral delivery system (OROS) a drug delivery system that allows the drug to dissolve through pores in the tablet shell; the empty shell, called a ghost, is passed in the stool
panic intense, overwhelming, and uncontrollable anxiety
priapism bnormal penile erection
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) a disorder characterized by persistent agitation or persistent, recurrent fear after the end of a traumatic event and lasting for over a month or impairing work or relationships
QT interval the time between depolarization and repolarization of the ventricles of the heart during a heartbeat, as shown on the electrocardiogram
seasonal affective disorder (SAD) a form of depression that recurs in the fall and winter and remits in the spring and summer
schizophrenia a chronic psychotic disorder manifested by retreat from reality, delusions, hallucinations, ambivalence, withdrawal, and bizarre or regressive behavior
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) an antidepressant drug that blocksthe reuptake of serotonin, with little effect on norepinephrine and fewer side effects than other antidepressant drugs
serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) an antidepressant drug that blocks the reabsorption of both serotonin and norepinephrine, increasing the levels of both neurotransmitters
serotonin syndrome a possibly fatal condition caused by combining antidepressants that increase serotonin levels with other medications that also stimulate serotonin receptors
tardive dyskinesia involuntary movements of the mouth, lips, and tongue
tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) one of a class of antidepressant drug, developed earlier than the SSRIs and SNRIs, that also prevent neuron reuptake of norepinephrine and/or serotonin
unipolar depression major depression with no mania
Created by: softcrylic