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Emergence of Regulations and Enabling Legislation (1920s)

1909 The US Supreme Court upholds municipal regulation of building heights in the case Welch v. Swasey. This validated the use of construction standards to uphold public safety.
1922 Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Mahon. First decision to hold that a land use restriction = a taking. The Supreme Court noted "property may be regulated to a certain extent, but if regulation goes too far it will be recognized as a taking" = "regulatory taking"
1922 Los Angeles County Regional Planning Commission created. First of its kind in the US. Hugh Pomeroy was head of staff.
1921 New Orleans designates the Vieux Carre Commission, the first historic preservation commission in the US. (Conservation and Env)
1924 US Department of Commerce under Secretary Herbert Hoover issues a Standard State Zoning Enabling Act (Landmark Laws)
1924-1928 Sunnyside Gardens, a planned neighborhood designed by Clarence Stein and Henry Wright, is built by City Housing Corporation under Alexander Bing in Queens, NY. (Planned Communities)
1925 Publication of "Regional Plan" issue of Survey Graphic, influential essays on regional planning by Lewis Mumford and other members of the Regional Planning Association of America.
1925 Cincinnati, Ohio, becomes first major American city to officially endorse a comprehensive plan (Alfred Bettman, Ladislas Segoe).
1925 Ernest Burgess's "Concentric Zone" model of urban structure and land use is published.
1925 In April, The American City Planning Institute and The National Conference on City Planning published Vol. 1, No.1 of "City Planning", ancestor of present-day Journal of the American Planning Association.
1926 Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty. Constitutionality of zoning upheld by the US Supreme Court - case argued by Alfred Bettman
1928 US Dept. of Commerce under Secretary Herbert Hoover issues a Standard city Planning Enabling Act.
1928 Robert Murray Haig's monograph "Major Economic Factors in Metropolitan Growth and Arrangement" is published in Vol. 1 of The Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs. Viewed land use as a function of accessibility.
1928 In Nectow v. City of Cambridge, the US Supreme Court ruled that a local zoning ordinance can be considered unconstitutional, and be struck down, if it is not tied to a valid public purpose under the police power.
1928 Construction of Radburn, New Jersey began. Planned community inspired by Howard's Garden City concept and designed by Stein and Wright. A forerunner of the New Deal's Greenbelt towns (Planned Communities)
1929 Wisconsin law, first instance of rural zoning, authorized county boards "to regulate restrict and determine the areas within which agriculture, forestry and recreation may be conducted."
1929 Stock market crash in October ushers in Great Depression and fosters ideas of public planning on a national scale.
Created by: jlongabaugh