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2.3 Bone Comp&Shape

Composition and shape of bones

Flat bones bones with flat surfaces
Irregular bones bones with irregular shapes (verebrae)
Long bones bones with long shafts (femur)
Sesamoid bones bones that resemble a sesame seed (patella)
Short bones bones that are relatively short (carpals or tarsals)
neck (of a bone) the part near the head. epiphysis
plate (of a bone) growth plate where bone growth occurs. metaphysis
shaft (of a bone) long, slender part of the bone. diaphysis
articulation connection between bones, joint
joint place where bones join
insertion point of attachment of a muscle to the bone it moves
origin a point of attachment of a muscle to a bone that acts as the lever for a specific muscle
compact bone (location) hard external bone
cancellous or spongy bone (location) internal ring
medullary canal (location/what it does) center of bone that contains the bone marrow (which produces blood cells)
osteoblasts cells that form bone
osteroclasts cells that break down bone
osteocytes bone cells
hyaline cartilage elastic cushiony and slippery. makes the articular surfaces at the joints
white fibro cartilage elastic, flexible, and tough. found in joints such as the knee
ligaments located at moveable joints. bones are held together by ligaments
Created by: FMHSAHS102