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12.6 Terms of Pulmo.

Terminology of Pulmonology

Alveolus (pl. alveoli) a hollow sphere of cells that expands and contracts with each breath
Ambu bag a hand-held device that is used to manually breathe for the patient on a temporary basis
Anoxic a patient with a complete lack of oxygen in the arterial blood and body tissues
Apex the rounded top of each lung
Asphyxia an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide and an abnormally low level of oxygen
Asthma hyperactivity of the bronchi and bronchioles with bronchospasm
Atelectatic incomplete expansion of collapse of part or all of a lung due to mucus, tumor, trauma or a foreign body that blocks the bronchus
Bronchus (pl. bronchi) either of the two primary divisions of the trachea that lead respectively into the lungs
Cancer any type of malignant growth or tumor, caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division
Cannula a small tube for insertion into a body cavity, duct, or vessel
Carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless, incombustible gas formed during respiration and organic decomposition
Cilia small hairs that flow in coordinated waves to move mucus and trapped particles toward the throat
Concha (pl. conchae) any of various structures, such as the external ear, that resemble a shell in shape.
Diaphragm a sheet of skeletal muscle, lies along the inferior border of the thoracic cavity
Edema fluid collection in tissue
Embolus a blood clot or fat globule in the circulatory system
Epiglottis a lid-like structure
Heimlich maneuver procedure to assist a choking victim with an airway obstruction
Hilum (pl. hila) an indentation on the medial surface of the lung where a bronchus enters the lung
Hypoxic very low level of oxygen in the cells
Influenza acute viral infection of the upper and lower respiratory system with fever, aches and a cough
Larynx voice box
Legionnaire’s disease severe, sometimes fatal, bacterial infection with flu-like symptoms, aches and fever
Legionella pneumophilia bacteria responsible for Legionnaire’s disease
Lobe large divisions of the lung, whose dividing lines are visible on the outer surface of the lung
Lumen the cavity of a tubular organ or part, as in lumen of a blood vessel
Mantoux test to determine if a patient has been exposed to tuberculosis
Mediastinum an irregularly shaped area that contains the trachea, heart and esophagus
Mucosa a mucous membrane that humidifies the air and produces mucus
Oxygen an element, normally a gas, that makes up about one-fifth of the atmosphere of the Earth
Parenchyma the functional part of the lung
Pharynx throat
Pleura the thin serous membrane that envelops each lung and folds back to make a lining for the chest cavity
Pneumocystis jiroveci a fungus causing severe pneumonia
Rales irregular crackling or bubbling sounds during inspiration
Rhonchi humming, whistling, or snoring sounds during inspiration or expiration
Reye’s syndrome vomiting, seizures, liver failure, sometimes fatal condition from the use of aspirin to treat the flu
Septum lung membrane
Sputum mucus production
Status asthmaticus a prolonged, extremely severe, life-threatening asthma attack
Stridor high-pitched, harsh, crowing sound due to edema or obstruction in the trachea or larynx
surfactant a protein-fat compound that reduces surface tension and keeps the walls of the alveolus from collapsing with each exhalation.
Thorax a bony cage that consists of the sternum, the ribs and spinal column
Trachea windpipe
Wheezes high-pitched whistling or squeaking sounds during inspiration or expiration
Created by: vikingmedterm