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Chapter 7 Vocabulary

Social Studies Test

Lord Cornwallis a British general that was the leader of an army that had to battle Horatio Gate’s army
guerrilla a soldier who weakens the enemy with surprise raids and hit-and-run attacks
pacifist a person morally opposed to war
Battle of Yorktown the last major battle of the Revolutionary War, which resulted in the surrender of British forces in 1781
Treaty of Paris of 1783 the treaty that ended the Revolutionary War, confirming the independence of the United States and setting the boundaries of the new nation
republicanism the belief that government should be based on the consent of the people; people exercise their power by voting for political representatives
Elizabeth Freeman an African American who sued for her freedom in a Massachusetts court and won
Richard Allen an African American preacher who helped start the Free African Society
George Washington commander of the Continental Army
Mercenary a professional soldier hired to fight for a foreign country
strategy an overall plan of action
rendezvous a meeting
Battles of Saratoga a series of conflicts between British soldiers and the Continental Army in 1777 that proved to be a turning point in the Revolutionary War
ally a country that agrees to help another country achieve a common goal
Marquis de Lafayette a 19-year-old French nobleman who volunteered to serve in Washington's army, given the command of an army division
bayonet a long steel knife attached to the end of a gun
desert to leave military duty without intending to return
privateer a privately owned ship that has government permission during wartime to attack an enemy's merchant ships
James Forten a 14-year-old boy who was the son of a free African-American sail maker, known for staying loyal to his country
John Paul Jones won the most famous sea battle; commander of a ship named Bonhomme Richard
Created by: cassie35915