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2523 JY

Apendix A & C

a-;an-;ana- no;not;without
ante- before;forward
anti- against
bi- two;double;both
brady- slow
contra- against;opposite
dys- difficult;painful
endo- within
epi- above
gynec/o woman
hemi- half
hyper- above;excessive
hypo- below;deficient
inter- between
intra- within
mal bad;poor;abnormal
neo- new
non- not
para- near;beside
per- through
peri- around;surrounding
poly- many-excessive
post- after
pre- before;in front of
retro- behind;backward;upward
semi- half
sub- below;under
syn- together;with
tachy- fast
tri- three
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal;excision
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-lepsy seizure
-oid resembling;like
-(o)logist specialist in the study or treatment of
-(o)logy study of
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy creation of an opening
-otomy incision into
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow;discharge
-sclerosis hardening
-stasis control;stop
abdomin/o abdomen
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
ather/o fat;fatty plaque
audi/o hearing;sound
aur/o ear
bronch/o bronchus
bucc/o cheek
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
cysto/o bladder, sac
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electro/o electricity
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gyn/o, gyn/e, gynec/o woman
hemat/o, hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water; fluid
hyster/o uterus
immune/o protection
lip/o fat
lymph/o lymph
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
narc/o sleep
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o, ophthalm/o, opt/o eye
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pancreat/o pancreas
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
pneum/o lungs;air
proct/o rectum
psych/o, psych/i mind or soul
pulmon/o lungs
quadr/i four
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
ven/o vein
cerebrospinal pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
cerebrovascular pertaining to the brain and blood vessels
epidural pertaining to above the dura meter
epilepsy a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
meningitis inflammation of the meninges od the brain
neuralgia nerve pain
neurologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the neurological system
schizophrenia a type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality.
bradycardia pertaining to a slow heart rate
cardiologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the heart
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
endocardium membrane lining the cavities of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
hypoxemia too little oxygen in the blood
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
myocardium heart muscle tissue
pericardium lining around the outside of the heart
tachycardia pertaining to a fast heart rate
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
dyspnea difficult, painful, or faulty breathing
hypoxia a condition of deficient oxygen levels
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
pulmonologist specialist in diseases of the lungs
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
spirometry measurement of breathing
stethoscope instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds through the chest wall
arthritis inflammation of the joints
bursitis inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac around joints
intramuscular pertaining to within the muscle
myalgia muscle pain
orthopedic pertaining to straight foot-pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
tendinitis inflammation of the tendon
endocrinology study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism condition of too much thyroid hormone
hypokalemia low blood postssium
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
autoimmune the disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself.
immunocompromised a condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
leukemia a malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells, or leukocytes
metastasis the spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
anemia a blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, or the volume of packed red blood cells
hematology medical study of the blood
myeloma tumor of the bone marrow
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gall bladder
cirrhosis chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
colonoscopy process of viewing the colon
dyspepsia the condition of indigestion, or of painful digestion
dysphagia pertaining to difficulty in eating or swallowing
esophagitis inflammtion of the esophagus
gastroenterologist specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines
nasogastric pertaining to the nose and the stomach (tube that travels from the nose to the stomach)
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
nephrectomy surgical removal of a kidney
polyuria condition in which one urinates excessively
pyelonephritis inflammtion of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
urologist physician who specializes in conditions of the urinary system
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
intraocular pertaining to the inside of the eye
ophthalmologist specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry process of measuring the eye
photophobia extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
myringitis inflammation of the tympanic membrane
otitis inflammation of the ear
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatologist specialist in the study of diseases of the skin
epidermal pertaining to on the skin
histology the study of tissues
percutaneous through the skin
subcutaneous pertaining to below the skin
gynecologist a physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
hysterectomy the surgical removal of the uterus
mammogram an x-ray of the breast
obstetrics the specialty pertaining to the care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the immediate postpartum period
vasectomy excision of part of the vas deferens to produce male sterility
absorption the amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation
accreditation the process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria
adjuducation the determiniation of the insurer's payment after the member's insurance benefits are applied to a medical claim
aseptic technique the technique and procedures designed to prevent contamination of drugs, packaging, equipment, or supplies by microorganisms during preparation
automated dispensing technology electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
automated medication dispensing device a drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner
average wholesale price (AWP) a commonly used benchmark for billing drugs that are reimbursed in the community pharmacy setting.
beyond-use labeling a date that is given to a medication noting when it should no longer be used, aslo reffered to as the expiration date
bioavailability the percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream
brand-name drug a drug that is convered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufactureer
buccal a solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream
centralized dispensing automation technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients
centralized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided from one location in the hospital
certification a voluntary process by which an nongovernemntal agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain qualifications specified by that agency or association.
chain pharmacy a pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
community pharmacy generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
compounding usually takes place in a pharmacy and includes the preperation, mixing, packaging, and labeling of a small quantity of a drug based on a practitioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient
controlled substances drugs or chemical substances whose posession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations
copayment(copay) the portion of the cost of a perscription that the patient is responsible for paying when a part of the cost is covered by a third-party payer
decentralized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided on or near a pate=ient care area
direct purchasing buying directly from a manufacturer
dispensing the act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authroized by a prescription.
drug distribution services the system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) the federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs
Durable medical equipment reuseable equipment used for the treatment of illness or injury
electronica medication administration record (eMAR) a component of the computerized patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to a patient
elixir a clear, sweet, flavored water-and-alcohol misture intended for oral use
excretion the irreversible removal of a drug or metabolite from a body fluid.
formulary a specific list of drugs that are included with a given prescription drug plan
generic drug a drug that is no longer convered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost.
hazardous material any material that poses a risk to people, animals, property, or the environment
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information
hospital formulary an approved list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves.
inhalant a fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract
intracardiac injected directly into the heart muscle
intradermal injected into the top layers of the skin
intramuscular injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, thigh, or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream
intrathecal injected into the space around the spinal cord
intravenous injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body
legend drug a drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only
licensure the process by which an agency of the govenement grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation if that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure that public health, safety and welfare will be protected
lozenge a hard, disk-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked
mail-order pharmacy a pharmacy taht functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to patients
material safety data sheets information sheets provided by manufacturers for chemicals or drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace
medication administration record (MAR) a component of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient
medication error any error occuring in the medication use process
medication order a written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting
medication therapy management (MTM) a service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for a patient
National Drug Code (NDC) Number a unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification
ointment a semisold medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery
parental a route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intavenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous administration
patient counseling the act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, reguarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing
patient profile a list of information about a patient, including name, identification number, date of birth, sex, height, weight, lab values, admitting and secondary diagnoses, room and bed number, names of admitting and consulthing physicians etc
pharmacist a health care professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy
pharmacy satellite a physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services
practice of pharmacy the practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations
prescription the written or verbal authorization, by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient
primary prescription label a label, affixed to a dispensed drug prduct, that contains legally required information, including pharmacy name and address, patient name, prescriber name etc
professional a person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
professionalism actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession
purchase order a document executed by a purchaser and forwarded to a supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products or services.
registration the process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.
STAT "statim" meaning immedicately
stock rotation placing the products that will expire the soonest in the front of the shelf or bin and those with later expiration dates behind them
subcutaneous deposited in the tissue just under the skin
sublingual placed under the tongue, where it dissolves and is absorbed into the bloodstream
suspension a mixture of fine particles of an undissolved solid spread throughout a liquid or, less commonly, a gas.
technician an individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession
topical applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair
transdermal through the skin
unit dose distribution system a system that provides all or most medications to patients in a unit dose ready-to-administer form
unit-dose package a non-reusable container designed to hold a quantity of drug to be administered as a single dose
wholesaler a large-scalewarehouse with drugs and supplies located in various geographic regions that exist to help bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market
Created by: Jenn04