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CNA Key Terms

WORDDEFINITION
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) A CONDITION CAUSED BY THE HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS THAT RESULTS IN A BREAKDOWN OF THE BODY'S DEFENSE SYSTEMS.
ART A SKILL ATTAINED BY STUDY, PRATICE, OR OBSERVATION.
CHRONIC ILLNESS A LONG-LASTING CONDITION OR ILLNESS THAT MAY NOT SUBSIDE OR THAT MAY OCCUR AGAIN.
CLIENT A PERSON WHO RECEIVES HEALTH CARE AT HOME.
DIRECT CARE WORKER A CAREGIVER WHO MAINLY PROVIDES ASSISTANCE WITH BATHING, FEEDING, AND DRESSING TO PERSONS IN SETTINGS SUCH AS GROUP HOMES, ASSISTED-LIVING FACILITES, OR MENTAL HEALTH CLINICS.
GENERAL HOSPITAL A FACILITY THAT PROVIDES CARE FOR PEOPLE OF ALL AGES AND WITH ALMOST ANY TYPE OF ILLNESS OR INJURY
HOME HEALTH AIDE A NURSE ASSISTANT WITH ADDITIONAL TRAINING WHO WORKS IN HOME HEALTH CARE.
HOME HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE PROVIDED IN PRIVATE HOMES TO PEOPLE WHO DO NOT NEED TO STAY IN HOSPITALS OR NURSING HOMES
HOME HEALTH CARE AGENCY A HEALTH ORGANIZATION THAT EMPLOYS HOME HEALTH AIDES AND OTHERS WHO PROVIDE HEALTH CARE AND OTHER SERVIES TO PEOPLE IN THEIR HOMES
HOSPICE A PROGRAM OF MEDICAL AND EMOTIONAL CARE AND SUPPORT FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE DYING, AS WELL AS FOR THEIR FAMILIES.
HOSPITAL CLINIC A HOSPITAL DEPARTMENT THAT PROVIES CARE TO PATIENTS WHO DO NOT NEED TO STAY OVERNIGHT
INPATIENT A PATIENT WHO MUST STAY OVERNIGHT IN A HOSPITAL
MEDICAID A STATE-ADMINISTERED FEDERAL PROGRAM THAT PROVIDES HEALTH COVERAGE FOR PERSONS WITH VERY-LOW INCOMES
MEDICARE A FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAM FOR PERSONS OVER AGE 65 OR PERSONS OF ANY AGE WHO ARE DISABLED OR HAVE PERMANENT KIDNEY FAILURE
MONITOR TO CHECK REGULARLY FOR THE QUALITY OF A PERSON'S PHYSICAL OR EMOTIONAL CONDITION.
NAUSEA DISCOMFORT IN THROAT OR CHEST THAT OFTEN PRECEDES VOMITING.
ORTHOPEDIC A TYPE OF MEDICINE OR CARE PROVIDED FOR PEOPLE WHO HAVE PROBLEMS WITH THEIR BONES OR JOINTS.
OUTPATIENT A PATIENT WHO RECEIVES CARE IN A HOSPITAL BUT DOES NOT STAY OVERNIGHT.
PATIENT A PERSON WHO RECEIVES HEALTH CARE IN A HOSPITAL.
REFERRAL PROCESS A SET OF PROCEDURES THAT ALLOWS ONE MEMBER OF THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM TO RECOMMEND TO OTHER MEMBERS THAT A PERSON NEEDS THEIR KIND OF SPECIALIZED CARE.
REHABILITATION THE PROCESS OF REGAINING PHYSICAL HEALTH.
RESIDENT A PERSON WHO RECEIVES HEALTH CARE IN A NURSING HOME.
SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL A FACILITY THAT PROVIDES CARE FOR PEOPLE WITH ONLY CERTAIN TYPES OF DISEASES OR ILLNESS.
SUBACUTE CARE CARE PROVIDED TO RESIDENTS WHO ARE STABLE AND NOT ACUTELY ILL. USUALLY REQUIRES SPECIAL SERVICES SUCH AS REHABILITATION, VENTTILATOR CARE, WOUND TREATMENTS; USUALLY REQUIRES A HIGHER SKILL-LEVEL STAFF THAN IN A TRADITIONAL NURSING FACILITY.
TERMINAL ILLNESS A SERIOUS ILLNESS OR CONDITION THAT A PERSON IS NOT EXPECTED TO SURVIVE.
WALK-IN CLINIC A HOSPITAL DEPARTMENT THAT PROVIDES CARE FOR PATIENTS WITHOUT REQUIRING APPOINTMENTS.
ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING DAILY SELF-CARE ACTIVITIES THAT HELP KEEP A PERSON INDEPENDENT AND HEALTHLY.
CERTIFICATION HAVING SKILLS THAT HAVE BEEN TESTED AND APPROVED.
COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT A CONDITION THAT DECREASES A PERSON'S ABILITY TO THINK CLEARLY. A DECREASED ABILITY TO KNOW, THINK, UNDERSTAND, REMEMBER, BELIEVE, SOLVE PROBLEMS, LEARN, AND CREATE.
COMPASSION A FEELING OF SORROW FOR ANOTHER PERSON'S HARDSHIP THAT LEADS TO HELP.
COMPETENCY EVALUATION PROGRAM STATE-OPERATED PROGRAM TO CERTIFY SKILLS OF PERSONS WANTING TO WORK AS NURSE ASSISTANTS.
HEALTH CARE TEAM A GROUP HEADED BY THE PERSON RECEIVING CARE. INCLUDES DOCTORS, NURSES, NURSE ASSISTANTS, THERAPISTS, SECRETARIES, AND OTHER PEOPLE INVOLVED IN THE CAREGIVING PROCESS.
NURTURE TO PROMOTE AND ENCOURAGE GOOD CARE.
OBRA '87 AN ABBREVIATION FOR THE 1987 OMNIBUS BUDGET RECONCILIATION ACT, WHICH PROVIDES CERTAIN STANDARDS FOR NURSING HOMES AND HOME HEALTH CARE.
PATIENT-FOCUSED CARE TREATING EACH PATIENT AS AN INDIVIDUAL WHEN PROVIDING CARE.
PRINCIPLES OF CARE BASIC RULES OF CAREGIVING THAT GUIDE CAREGIVERS IN MAKING DECISIONS ABOUT PROVIDING INDIVIDUALIZED CARE FOR EACH PERSON.
REGULATION A RULE THAT MUST BE FOLLOWED.
ABUSE THE WILLFULL INFLICTION OF INJURY, UNREASONABLE CONFINEMENT, INTIMIDATION, OR PUNUSHMENT WITH RESULTING PHYSICAL HARM, PAIN OR MENTAL ANGUISH.
ADVANCE MEDICAL DIRECTIVE A DOCUMENT THAT ALLOWS A PERSON TO EXPRESS WRITTEN WISHES REGARDING HEALTH CARE DECISIONS TO BE USED WHEN AND IF THE PERSON IS UNABLE TO SPEAK FOR HIMSELF OR HERSELF.
ADVOCATE (NOUN) A PERSON WHO SPEAKS ON BEHALF OF SOMEONE ELSE;(VERB) TO SPEAK ON BEHALF OF SOMEONE ELSE
CLIENT RIGHTS A DOCUMENT LISTING THE RIGHTS AND EXPECTATIONS PROVIDED TO A RESIDENT WHO RECEIVES CARE IN HER OR HIS HOME; MUST BE SIGNED BY THE CLIENT
DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY TYPE OF ADVANCE DIRECTIVE THAT GIVES SOMEONE POWER TO MAKE HEALTH CARER DECISIONS FOR ANOTHER PERSON.
EMOTIONAL ABUSE HARM THAT OCCURS WHEN ONE PERSON'S WORDS OR ACTIONS MAKE ANOTHER PERSON FEEL SAD OR FEEL AFRAID.
ENDANGERMENT PLACEMENT OF AN INDIVIDUAL IN A LIFE-THREATENING SITUATION THAT THE PERSON CANNOT REPSOND TO.
ETHICAL THAT WHICH IS MORALLY AND PROFESSIONALL CORRECT.
ETHICAL DILEMMA A PROBLEM OR SITUATION IN WHICH A NURSE ASSISTANT MUST DECIDE WHAT IS CORRECT, MORAL, AND PROFESSIONAL THING TO DO.
EXPLOITATION THE ACT OF TAKING ADVANTAGE OF SOMEONE.
GRIEVANCE PROCESS PROCEDURE IN WHICH A PERSON MAY MAKE A COMPLAINT ABOUT SERVICES RECEIVED.
HEALTH CARE PROXY A LEGAL DOCUMENT THAT NAMES A PERSON TO MAKE HEALTH CARE DECISIONS IF THE PERSON RECEIVING CARE IS UNABLE TO.
INCAPACITATED BEING UNABLE TO ACT FOR ONESELF.
INFORMED CONSENT PERMISSION GIVEN AFTER FULL DISCLOSURE OF THE FACTS.
LEGAL RIGHT A PRIVILEGE THAT IS PROTECTED BY LAW.
LIVING WILL A LEGAL DOCUMENT, PREPARED BY A PERSON RECEIVING CARE, THAT DIRECTS WHICH MEASURES TO TAKE OR NOT TAKE TO PROLONG LIFE WHEN DEATH SEEMS LIKELY.
MALTREATMENT PROVIDING POOR OR IMPROPER TREATMENT OR USING INAPPROPRIATE RESPONSES (E.G., EMPLOYEE ISOLATION, CONFINEMENT, OR RESTRAINT OF A PATIENT AS A DISCIPLINARY ACTION)
NEGLECT FAILURE TO PROVIDE GOODS AND SERVICES NECESSARY TO AVOID PHYSICAL HARM, MENTAL ANGUISH OR MENTAL ILLNESS.
OMBUDSMAN A PERSON WHO ACTS AS A MEDIATOR BETWEEN A RESIDENT AND THE NURSING FACILITY. THE OMBUDSMAN LISTENS TO THE RESIDENT'S CONCERNS AND COMPLAINTS AND RESOLVES CONFLICTS WITH THE HEALTH CARE PROVIDER.
PATIENT RIGHTS A DOCUMENT LISTING THE RIGHTS AND EXPECTATIONS PROVIDED TO A RESIDENT WHO RECEIVES CARE IN A HOSPITAL; MUST BE SIGNED BY THE PATIENT.
PHYSICAL ABUSE HARM THAT OCCURS WHEN A PERSON'S BODY IS PURPOSELY HURT.
RESIDENT COUNCIL A GROUP MADE UP OF NURSING FACILITY RESIDENTS AND RESIDENTS FAMILY MEMBERS, WHO WORK TOGETHER TO SOLVE PROBLEMS OR DISAGREEMENTS.
RESIDENT RIGHTS A DOCUMENT LISTING THE RIGHTS AND EXPECTIONS PROVIDED TO A RESIDENT IN A NURSING FACILITY; MUST BE SIGNED BY THE RESIDENT OR FAMILY.
SEXUAL ABUSE HARM THAT OCCURS WHEN A PERSON'S BODY IS MISTREATED FOR SEXUAL REASONS.
ADOLESCENCE THE PERIOD BETWEEN THE AGES OF 12 AND 20 WHEN A PERSON BECOMES MORE INTERESTED IN SEX AND BEGINS TO RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER PEOPLE.
ADOLESCENT A PERSON BETWEEN THE AGES OF 12 AND 20.
BEHAVIOR THE WAY A PERSON ACTS OR CONDUCTS HIMSELF.
BODY IMAGE A PERSON'S ATTITUDE TOWARD HIS OR HER OWN BODY.
COGNITIVE RELATING TO THINKING, UNDERSTANDING, REMEMBERING, BELIEVING, LEARNING, AND CREATING.
DEMEANING SOMETHING THAT LOWERS SOMEONE'S DIGNITY.
EMOTIONAL RELATING TO HOW A PERSON FEELS AND HOW THEIR EXPRESSES THEMSELVES.
ERECTION THE STIFFENING OF THE PENIS.
ESTEEM A HIGH REGARD FOR SOMEONE.
FRAIL VERY SLENDER AND FRAGILE.
GENDER VIEW OR PERCEPTION OF SOMETHING AS HAVING MASCULINE OR FEMININE QUALITIES.
GENITALS THE EXTERNAL SEX ORGANS BETWEEN THE LEGS.
HANDEDNESS THE TENDENCY TO USE ONE HAND MORE FREQUENTLY THAN OTHER.
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT THE PHYSICAL, SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL, AND COGNITIVE CHANGES A PERSON EXPERIENCES AS HE OR SHE GROWS OLDER.
HUMAN NEEDS BASIC REQUIREMENTS THAT ENABLE A PERSON TO LIVE HEALTHFULLY AND HAPPILY.
INFANCY THE FIRST STAGE OF LIFE. THE WORD INFANT LITERALLY MEANS "UNABLE TO SPEAK."
INTIMACY NEED AND ABILITY TO FEEL CLOSENESS TO ANOTHER PERSON AND TO HAVE THAT CLOSENESS RETURNED.
LIFE CYCLE THE STAGES OF AGING AND DEVELOPMENT EXPERIENCED AS A PERSON GROWS OLDER.
MASTURBATION TOUCHING ONESELF TO ACHIEVE ORGASM AND RELEASE SEXUAL TENSION.
PHYSICAL RELATING TO THE BODY.
SENSUALITY AWARENESS AND/OR ENJOYMENT IN THE WAY ONE'S BODY LOOKS, FEELS, AND BEHAVES.
SEX BEING MALE OR FEMALE.
SEXUAL HARASSMENT PURPOSELY ANNOYING OR THREATENING SOMEONE BY NOT RESPECTING HIS OR HER SEX OR SEXUALITY.
SEXUALITY A BASIC HUMAN NEED FOR SEXUAL PLEASURE AND SEXUAL EXPRESSION.
SOCIAL RELATING TO THE WAY PEOPLE INTERACT WITH EACH OTHER
STAGE A DEFINED AND PREDICTABLE PERIOD.
THEORY AN EXPLANATION BASED ON OBSERVATION AND REASONING.
ANCESTRY A FAMILY'S HISTORY
APPROPRIATE RIGHT OR CORRECT FOR GIVEN SITUATION.
CLOSED-ENDED QUESTION A QUESTION THAT REQUIRES ONLY A SIMPLE "YES" OR "NO" ANSWER.
COMFORT ZONE THE DISTANCE BETWEEN ONE PERSON AND ANOTHER THAT FEELS COMFORTABLE WHEN COMMUNICATING.
COMMUNICATION THE PROCESS OF GIVING AND RECEIVING INFORMATION.
HERITAGE THE CULTURE PASSED ON TO A PERSON THROUGH BIRTH.
OPEN-ENDED QUESTION A QUESTION THAT REQUIRES MORE THAN A SIMPLE "YES" OR "NO" ANSWER. AN OPEN-ENDED QUESTION ENCOURAGES A PERSON TO TALK.
SENDER THE PERSON WHO WANTS TO COMMUNICATE INFORMATION
MESSAGE THE INFORMATION THE PERSON SENDS
CHANNEL THE WAY THE MESSAGE IS SENT-VERBALLY(TALKING), NONVERBALLY (FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, BODY MOVEMENTS), OR IN WRITING.
RECEIVER THE PERSON TO WHOM THE MESSAGE IS SENT.
CONFIRMATION THE WAY THE RECEIVER LETS THE SENDER KNOW THE MESSAGE WAS RECEIVED.
ABBREVIATION A SHORTENED VERSION OF A WORD. AN ABBREVIATION IS OFTEN MADE UP OF THE FIRST LETTERS OF SEVERAL WORDS.
ADAPT TO CHANGE A BEHAVIOR TO ADJUST TO A CERTAIN ILLNESS OR CONDITION
CARE PLAN A FORM USED TO RECORD OVERALL HEALTH INFORMATION.
FLOW SHEET A FORM USED TO RECORD HEALTH CARE INFORMATION AND TRACK CHANGES IN A PERSON'S CONDITION OVER A PERIOD OF TIME.
INAPPROPRIATE NOT RIGHT OR CORRECT FOR A GIVEN SITUATION.
NURSING NOTES INFORMATION DOCUMENTED BY THE SUPERVISING NURSE ON A HEALTH CARE RECORD OR CHART.
PRECISE ANOTHER TERM FOR EXACT.
PREFIX THE FIRST PART OF A WORD, WHICH COMES BEFORE THE ROOT WORD AND CHANGES THE MEANING OF THE ROOT.
ROOT THE MIDDLE PART, OR BASE, OF A WORD
SOCIAL REINFORCEMENT ENCOURAGEMENT THAT EMPHASIZES APPROPRIATE ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR.
SUFFIX THE LAST PART OF A WORD, WHICH COMES AFTER THE ROOT WORD AND CHANGES THE MEANING OF THE ROOT.
AIRBORNE GERMS GERMS THAT ARE CARRIED IN THE AIR BY BREATHING, COUGHING, OR SNEEZING
ANTIMICROBIAL CAPABLE OF KILLING OR SLOWING THE GROWTH OF PATHOGENS.
BODY FLUIDS LIQUID SUBSTANCES PRODUCED BY THE BODY.
CONTAMINATED CONTAINING DIRT OR DISEASE-CAUSING GERMS.
DISINFECT TO REMOVE DISEASE-CAUSING GERMS.
DISINFECTANT A SUBSTANCE THAT DESTROYS DISEASE-CAUSING GERMS.
HEPA AN ABBREVIATION FOR HIGH-EFFICIENCY PARTICULATE AIR FILTER MASK
HEPATITIS A DISEASE OR CONDITION MARKED BY AN INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) THE MICROSCOPIC ORGANISM THAT CAUSES AIDS.
INFECTION A HARMFUL CONDITION CAUSED BY THE GROWTH OF GERMS IN THE BODY.
INFECTION CONTROL ACTION TAKEN TO CONTROL THE SPREAD OF GERMS. INFECTION CONTROL IS ONE OF THE SIX PRINCIPLES OF CARE.
INFECTIOUS SPREADING OR CAPABLE OF SPREADING RAPIDLY. INFECTIOUS GERMS ARE ALSO DESCRIBED AS COMMUNICABLE AND CONTAGIOUS.
ISOLATION PRECAUTIONS PRATICES USED TO SEPARATE A PERSON FROM OTHERS AND PREVENT THE SPREAD OF INFECTION
MICROORGANISM TINY LIVING THING THAT CAN BE SEEN ONLY THROUGH THE MAGNIFICATION OF A MICROSCOPE.
MUCOUS MEMBRANE A THIN LAYER OF BODY TISSUE THAT LINES THE INSIDE OF BODY PASSAGES AND CAVITIES THAT COMMUNICATE DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY WITH THE OUTSIDE OF THE BODY, SUCH AS THE INSIDE OF THE MOUTH, NOSE, EYES, VAGINA, AND RECTUM
PATHOGEN A HARMFUL GERM OR MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES DISEASE.
SHARPS CONTAINER A STURDY BOX WITH A TIGHT-FITTING LID THAT CANNOT BE PUNCTURED BY SHARP OBJECTS SUCH AS NEEDLES OR RAZORS. USE OF A SHARPS CONTAINER PROTECTS HEALTH CARE WORKERS FROM INJURY AND EXPOSURE TO CONTAMINATED ITEMS.
SPECULUM AN INSTRUMENT USED TO EXAMINE A BODY PASSAGE OR CAVITY.
STANDARD PRECAUTIONS PRATICES USED BY CAREGIVERS WHEN PROVIDING CARE TO A PERSON, REGARDLESS OF THE PERSON'S CONDITION OR INJURY, TO MINIMIZE THE SPREAD OF GERMS.
STERILIZE TO DESTROY ALL GERMS.
SYMPTOM ANY CHANGE THAT YOU OBSERVE IN A PERSON'S BODY OR IN THE WAY IT FUNCTIONS THAT MAY INDICATE AN INFECTION.
ABDOMINAL PERTAINING TO THE ABDOMEN, THE PART OF THE BODY BETWEEEN THE RIBS AND THE GROIN.
ALIGNMENT CORRECT POSITIONING TO KEEP THE SPINE STRAIGHT AND TO AVOID ANY TWISTING, STRAINING, PRESSURE, OR DISCOMFORT.
ASPHYXIATION SUFFOCATION CAUSED BY THE LACK OF OXYGEN.
BODY MECHANICS THE WAY A PERSON'S BODY ADJUSTS TO KEEP ITS BALANCE DURING MOVEMENT.
CHEMICAL RESTRAINT ANY DRUG THAT IS USED TO CONTROL BEHAVIOR AND IS NOT REQUIRED FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT.
CONVENIENCE SOMETHING DONE BY THE CAREGIVER OR THE FACILITY TO CONTROL A RESIDENT'S BEHAVIOR THAT IS IN THE BEST INTEREST OF THE CAREGIVER OR FACILITY AND NOT THE RESIDENT.
DISASTER PLAN A SET OF SAFETY PROCEDURES TO FOLLOW IN CASE A FIRE OR NATURAL DISASTER OCCURS.
DISCIPLINE ACTION TAKEN BY A FACILITY TO PUNISH, PENALIZE, OR OTHERWISE CONTROL THE BEHAVIOR OF THE RESIDENT.
ENTRAPMENT OCCURRENCE IN WHICH A PERSON IS CAUGHT OR ENTANGLED BY A NONFUNCTIONING BED RAIL, OFTEN LEADING TO INURY AND SOMETIMES DEATH.
HAZARD SOMETHING THAT IS VERY DANGEROUS AND COULD CAUSE HARM TO SOMEONE.
IMPAIRED A CONDITION IN WHICH SOMETHING IS DIMINISHED OR WEAKENED.
INCIDENT ANYTHING UNUSUAL THAT HAPPENS AND HAS THE POTENTIAL TO CAUSE HARM.
MEDICAL SYMPTOM A SIGN OR INDICATION OF A PHYSICAL OR MENTAL CONDITION.
OBSTRUCTION SOMETHING THAT BLOCKS.
PHYSICAL RESTRAINT ANY MANUAL METHOD THAT RESTRICTS FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT, OR ANY PHYSICAL OR MECHANICAL DEVICE OR MATERIAL THAT IS ATTACHED TO OR NEAR THE RESIDENT'S BODY THAT RESTRICTS FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT AND THAT THE RESIDENT CANNOT REMOVE.
ABNORMAL NOT NORMAL OR REGULAR
ANAL OF OR RELATING TO THE OPENING AT THE END OF THE RECTUM, THROUGH WHICH FECES PASS.
BLADDER A POUCH THAT HOLDS AIR INSIDE THE CUFF OF A SPYGMOMANOMETER.
COMPRESSION THE ACT OF PRESSING OR SQUEEZING TOGETHER.
CUFF THE INFLATABLE BAND OF A SPHYGMOMANOMETER THAT WRAPS AROUND THE ARM.
CYANOSIS A CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY THE SKIN HAVING A BLUE OR GRAY COLOR AS A RESULT OF A LACK OF OXYGEN IN THE BLOOD.
DIAPHRAGM THE THIN, USUALLY PLASTIC, DISK OF A STETHOSCOPE THAT IS PLACED ON THE SKIN TO MAGNIFY BODY SOUNDS.
DYSPNEA THE CONDITION OF HAVING DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING.
MANOMETER THE GAUGE ON A SPHYGMOMANOMETER THAT MEASURES SYSTOLIC AND DIASTOLIC BLOOD PREESURE.
RECTAL OF OR REFERRING TO THE LOWER PORTION OF THE LARGE INTESTINE JUST INSIDE THE ANAL OPENING.
SHALLOW NOT DEEP.
SPHYGMOMANOMETER AN INSTRUMENT USED TO MEASURE BLOOD PRESSURE.
STETHOSCOPE AN INSTRUMENT USED TO LISTEN TO BODY SOUNDS.
THREADY PULSE A CONDITION IN WHICH THE FORCE OF THE PULSE IS VERY WEAK.
VALVE A DEVICE THAT CONTROLS THE FLOW OF AIR IN AN INSTRUMENT SUCH AS A SPHYGMOMANOMETEROR THE FLOW OF FLUID IN AN ORGAN SUCH AS THE HEART.
VITAL NECESSARY FOR LIFE
BONY PROMINENCE BONY PART OF THE BODY THAT STICKS OUT, WHERE A PRESSURE SORE CAN OCCUR.
COCCYX THE "TAILBONE," OR END OF THE SPINE.
DECUBITUS ULCER THE MEDICAL TERM FOR A BEDSORE OR PRESSURE ULCER, CAUSED BY PRESSUREOR FRICTION, WHICHCUTS OFF CIRCULATION. A DECUBITUS ULCER CAN QUICKLY PROGRESS INTO A DEEP, INFECTED CRATER.
DRAWSHEET A BED SHEET ABOUT 5 FEET WIDE THAT IS PLACED UNDER A PERSON, ACROSS THE MIDDLE THIRD OF THE BED. A DRAWSHEET IS USEFUL IN POSITIONING AND TRANSFERING PROCEDURES.
EXTEND TO STRAIGHTEN.
FLEX TO BEND.
FOWLER'S POSITION A POSITION IN WHICH A PERSON SITS UP WITH THE HEAD OF THE BED ELEVATED FOR SUPPORT.
LATERAL (SIDE-LYING) POSITION A POSITION IN WHICH THE PERSON LIES ON ONE SIDE OF THEIR BODY.
MOBILITY THE ABILITY TO MOVE.
MODIFIED SIDE-LYING POSITION A POSITION IN WHICH A PERSON LIES PARTIALLY TO ONE SIDE WITH THEIR BACK SUPPORTED.
PERCEPTION A PERSON'S AWARENESS OF THEIR ENVIRONMENT THROUGH THEIR SENSES.
PREDICTABLE CAN BE KNOWN IN ADVANCE.
SUPINE POSITION A POSITION IN WHICH A PERSON LIES FLAT ON THEIR BACK.
BED LINENS SHEETS, PILLOW CASES, MATTRESS COVERS, BLANKETS, AND BEDSPREADS.
ENVIRONMENT THE SURROUNDINGS IN WHICH A PERSON LIVES.
INCONTINENT UNABLE TO CONTROL THE RELEASE OF URINE OR FECES.
MITER TO SQUARE OFF THE CORNERS OF BED LINENS BY NEATLY TUCKING THEM UNDER EACH OTHER.
ABRASION A TINY CUT OR SCRAPE
ANTISEPTIC A SUBSTANCE THAT STOPS THE GROWTH OF GERMS
ASPIRATE TO BREATHE IN. THE BREATHING OF FLUID OR AN OBJECT INTO THE LUNG.
DANDRUFF FLAKING SKIN FROM THE SCALP.
DEPILATORY CREAM A LOTION THAT DISSOLVES HAIR AND REMOVES IT FROM THE SURFACE OF THE SKIN.
FLUORIDE A CHEMICAL THAT HELPS DECREASE TOOTH DECAY. TOOTHPASTE AND DRINKING WATER OFTEN CONTAIN FLUORIDE.
PERINEAL CARE A NURSING PROCEDURE IN WHICH A PERSON'S BODY IS CLEANED FROM THE GENITALS TO THE ANUS.
PLAQUE A STICKY, COLORLESS LAYER OF BACTERIA THAT FORMS CONSTANTLY ON THE TEETH
UNCONSCIOUS A STATE OF MIND IN WHICH A PERSON DOES NOT RESPOND TO THE WORLD AROUND THEM.
BASELINE MEASUREMENTS SUCH AS HEIGHT AND WEIGHT THAT ARE TAKEN AT THE TIME OF ADMISSION TO BE COMPARED WITH MEASUREMENTS TAKEN FROM THEM ON.
APPETIE THE DESIRE TO EAT AND DRINK.
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS HARDENING AND THICKENING OF THE ARTERIES.
CALORIE A UNIT OF HEAT OR ENERGY PRODUCED WHEN THE BODY USES FOOD.
CHOLESTEROL A WHITE,FATTY SUBSTANCE THAT OCCURS NATURALLY IN THE BLOOD AND TISSUES OF THE HUMAN BODY AND THAT ALSO IS FOUND IN MEAT, EGG YOLKS, LIVER, MOST DAIRY PRODUCTS, AND ANIMAL FAT.
DEHYDRATED NOT HAVING ENOUGH WATER IN THE BODY.
DIABETES A DISEASE IN WHICH THE PANCREAS DOES NOT SECRETE ENOUGH INSULIN AND THE BODY IS NOT ABLE TO USE ALL THE CARBOHYDRATES, RESULTING IN A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF GLUCOSE IN THE BLOOD.
DIET THE FOODS AND LIQUIDS THAT A PERSON USUALLY CONSUMES.
INCISION A CUT MADE DURING SURGERY.
MALNUTRITION FAILURE TO OBTAIN THE PROPER NUTRIENTS.
NAUSCATED A FEELING OF SICKNESS IN THE STOMACH.
NUTRIENT A SUBSTANCE THAT THE BODY NEEDS TO GROW, MAINTAIN ITSELF, AND STAY HEALTHY.
OBESITY HAVING TOO MUCH BODY FAT.
SATURATED FAT A FORM OF FAT FOUND IN MEATS, CHEESE, DAIRY PRODUCTS, AND CERTAIN VEGETABLE OILS, SUCH AS PALM AND COCONUT OIL.
SUTURE THE STITCH USED TO JOIN THE EDGES OF A CUT OR WOUND.
THERAPEUTIC DIET A SPECIAL DIET THAT HELPS A PERSON REGAIN THEIR HEALTH.
TURGOR THE ABILITY OF THE SKIN TO RETURN TO ITS NORMAL SHAPE WHEN IT IS SQUEEZED OR GENLTY PINCHED.
CONCENTRATED CONTAINING A SMALL PERCENTAGE OF WATER.
CONSTIPATION DIFFICULT ELIMINATION OF A DRY, HARD STOOL.
DEFECATE TO ELIMINATE SOLID WASTE FROM THE BODY.
DEHYDRATION SERIOUS FLUID LOSS.
DIARRHEA THE FREQUENT PASSAGE OF LIQUID FECES.
DILUTED A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF WATER.
ELIMINATE TO GET RID OF.
ENEMA A SOLUTION INTRODUCED INTO THE RETUM AND LOWER COLON TO RELIEVE FECAL IMPACTION OR CONSTIPATION.
FECES SOLID BODY WASTE.
INCONTINENCE THE INABILITY TO CONTROL THE RELEASE OF URINE OF FECES.
PERSPIRATION BODY WASTE ELMINATED THROUGH THE SKIN.
STOOL SOLID BODY WASTE, OR FECES.
URINARY CATHETER A SMALL TUBE (ORDERED BY A DOCTOR) THAT IS INSERTED (USUALLY BY A NURSE OR DOCTOR) THROUGH THE URETHRA INTO THE BLADDER. A SMALL BALLON AT THE END OF THE TUBE ON THE BLADDER END IS BLOWN UP, OR INFLATED, TO HOLD THE TUBE IN PLACE. ON THE OTHER END, THE TU
URINATE TO ELIMINATE LIQUID WASTE FROM THE BODY.
URINE LIQUID BODY WASTE.
VOID TO URINATE.
AMBULATION THE MEDICAL TERM FOR THE ACT OF WALKING.
ATROPHY A CONDITION IN WHICH A PART OF THE BODY, SUCH AS A MUSCLE, WASTES AWAY OR SHRINKS AS A RESULT OF DISUSE OR INADEQUATE NUTRITION.
CONTRACTURE A CONDITION IN WHICH UNUSED MUSCLES CAUSE A PERSON'S JOINTS TO BECOME PERMANENTLY BENT.
IMMOBILE UNABLE TO MOVE.
PROMPTING USING A SIMPLE STATEMENT TO HELP SOMEONE REMEMBER.
RANGE OF MOTION (ROM) THE AMOUNT OF MOVEMENT POSSIBLE IN A JOINT.
ANGINA PECTORIS THE MEDICAL TERM FOR HEART PAIN.
CANNULA A TUBE PLACED UNDER THE NOSTRILS TO DELIVER OXYGEN.
CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT (CVA) AN INTERRUPUPTION OF BLOOD FLOW TO A PART OF THE BRAIN, WHICH RESULTS IN THE DEATH OF A FEW OR MANY BRAIN CELLS.
CHEMOTHERAPY TREATMENT WITH ONE OR MORE DRUGS FOR THE PURPOSE OF STOPPING CANCER CELLS FROM MULTIPLYING.
CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD) A CONDITION OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM THAT INCLUDES EMPHYSEMA, ASTHMA, AND CHRONIC BRONCHITIS-DISEASES THAT ARE LONG-TERM AND INTERFERE WITH THE BODY'S ABILITY TO BREATHE EFFICIENTLY.
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE A CONDITION OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM IN WHICH WEAKENED HEART MUSCLES PREVENT THE HEART FROM WORKING EFFICIENTLY.
DIALYSIS A PROCESS THAT FILTERS WASTE PRODUCTS FROM THE BLOOD.
EDEMA SWELLING OF BODY TISSUE DUE TO AN ACCUMULATION OF FLUID.
END STAGE RENAL DISEASE (ESRD) LAST STAGE OF KIDNEY FAILURE, IN WHICH THE KIDNEY CANNOT GET RID OF WASTE PRODUCTS.
GAIT THE MANNER IN WHICH A PERSON WALKS.
GLUCOSE END PRODUCT IN THE BLOOD OF CARBOHYDRATE AND SUGAR METABOLISM (TURNING CARBOHYDRATES INTO ENERGY THE BODY CAN USE).
HOMICIDAL A TENDENCY TO HARM OTHER PEOPLE WITH THE INTENT TO KILL.
HYPERGLYCEMIA TOO MUCH SUGAR IN THE BLOOD.
HYPOGLYCEMIA TOO LITTLE SUGAR IN THE BLOOD.
INFLUENZA (FLU) A HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS INFECTION OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT TRANSMITTED BY AIRBORNE DROPLETS.
KIDNEY FAILURE A CONDITION OF THE URINARY SYSTEM THAT OCCURS WHEN THE KIDNEYS NO LONGER FUNCTION AND ARE UNABLE TO GET RID OF THE BODY'S WASTE.
MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS) A CHRONIC DISEASE THAT GRADUALLY DESTROYS THE COATING ON NERVE ENDINGS IN THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD.
OSTEOPOROSIS A CONDITION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM IN WHICH THE BONES BECOME WEAK AND FRAGILE.
PNEUMONIA AN INFECTION IN THE LUNGS.
RADIATION TREATMENT IN WHICH X-RAYS ARE FOCUSED ON THE PART OF THE BODY WHERE CANCER CELLS ARE GROWING.
SUICIDAL A TENDENCY TO INTENTIONALLY AND OLUNTARILY HARM ONESELF WITH THE INTENT TO TAKE ONE'S OWN LIFE.
TYPE 1 DIABETES A FORM OF DIABETTES IN WHICH THE PANCREAS PRODUCES VERY LITTLE OR NO INSULIN. ALSO CALLED JUVENILE-ONSET OR INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES.
TYPE 2 DIABETES A FORM OF DIABETES IN WHICH THE OUTPUT OF INSULIN FROM THE PANCREAS IS INADEQUATE FOR THE BODY'S NEEDS. ALSO CALLED MATURITY-ONSET OR INSULIN-INDEPENDENT DIABETES, TYPE 2 DIABETES OFTEN DEVELOPS LATER IN LIFE.
ANONYMOUSLY WITHOUT BEING IDENTIFIED BY NAME.
ANTIBODIES SPECIAL PROTEINS OR CHEMICALS THE BODY PRODUCES WHEN AN INFECTION IS PRESENT.
CANDIDIASIS THE GROWTH OF PAINFUL WHITE PATCHES IN THE MOUTH, THROAT, OR VAGINA CAUSED BY A FUNGUS CALLED CANDIDA.
CIRRHOSIS LIVER DISEASE THAT USUALLY LEADS TO LIVER FAILURE AND EVENTUALLY, DEATH.
HIV WASTING SYNDROME AN OPPORTUNISTIC CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY THE LOSS OF 10 PERCENT OR MORE OF THE TOTAL BODY WEIGHT OVER A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME.
KAPOSI'S SARCOMA A RARE KIND OF SKIN CANCER THAT MAY ATTACK THE SKIN, MUCOUS MEMBRANCES, AND LYMPH NODES.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE EXPOSURE TO DISEASE IN THE WORKPLACE.
OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION AN INFECTION CAUSED BY GERMS THAT NORMALLY WOULD NOT MAKE A PERSON SICK. ANY PERSON WHOSE IMMUNE SYSTEM IS WEAKENED MAY DEVELOP OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION.
PLACENTA A BLOOD-FILLED STRUCTURE THROUGH WHICH THE UNBORN CHILD RECEIVES OXYGEN AND NOURISHMENT AND THROUGH WHICH IT GETS RIDS OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND ITS OTHER WASTES.
PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINII PNEUMONIA (PCP) A PARASITIC LUNG INFECTION THAT MAKES BREATHING DIFFICULT. PCP IS THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH FOR PEOPLE FOR HAVE AIDS.
PROPHYLAXIS PREVENTIVE OR PROTECTIVE MEASURE.
SYNDROME SEVERAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS THAT OCCUR TOGETHER AND CHARACTERIZE A DISEASE.
ANXIOUS THE STATE OF BEING EXTREMELY NERVOUS OR AGITATED.
CAT SCAN COMPUTERIZED AXIAL TOMOGRAPHY, A FORM OF X-RAY THAT PRODUCES A THREE DIMENSIONAL PICTURE OF SECTIONS OF THE BRAIN OR OTHER PARTS OF THE BODY.
CATASTROPHIC REACTION VIOLENT AND SUDEEN BEHAVIOR THAT DISRUPTS ORDER.
COPING THE ABILITY TO DEAL WITH PROBLEMS AND DIFFICULTIES.
DEMENTIA AN INCURABLE DISORDER OF THE BRAIN IN WHICH THERE IS A PROGRESSIVE LOSS OF MEMORY AND OTHER COGNITIVE (THINKING) FUNCTIONS.
DISORIENTED A CONDITION IN WHICH A PERSON IS UNSURE OF WHO THEIR ARE, WHERE THEIR ARE, AND WHAT DAY OR TIME IT IS.
DYSFUNCTIONAL FUNCTIONING IN A WAY THAT IS NOT NORMAL.
FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBE DEMENTIA A TYPE OF DEMENTIA THAT USUALLY HAS A SLOW ONSET CHARACTERIZED BY CHANGES ONLY IN PERSONALITY FOR SOME TIME.
LEWY BODY DEMENTIA A CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY PROGRESSIVE LOSS OF MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CALCULATION AND REASONING, AS WELL AS OTHER HIGHER MENTAL FUNCTIONS. THIS DISEASE MAY WORSEN MORE QUICKLY THAN ALZHEIMER'S.
SOCIAL FACADE IN A SOCIAL SETTING, PRETENDING TO KNOW OR RECOGNIZE AN UNFAMILIAR PERSON OR THING.
VASCULAR DEMENTIA A CONDITION IDENTIFIED BY AN ADVANCING DECLINE OF THE INTELLIGENT FUNCTIONING OF THE BRAIN, ACCOMPANIED BY EXCESSIVE CHANGES IN BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY
Created by: Travis84 on 2008-09-08



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