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Civil war

Civil war and Reconstruction Vocabulary

Amendment A Change made to a law, bill or document,in this case the U.S. constitution.
Confederacy An association of sovereign states or communities.was a government set up in 1861 by seven slave states of the Lower South that had declared their secession from the United States.
Conscription act During the Civil War, the U.S. Congress passes the first wartime draft of U.S. citizens in American history.
Emancipation proclamation An executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War, freeing the slaves in territories still in rebellion against the Union.
Federalism Power is distributed between a national government and the states.
Freedmen A person who has been freed from slavery.
Martial Law The imposition of military power over designated regions on an emergency basis
Reconstruction The post-civil war period from 1865-1877, the U.S. re- admitted the Southern States to the Union and the federal Government implemented policies affecting southern states.
Secede To Withdraw, in this case,from the U.S.
Sectionalism Excessive devotion to local interest and customs to a region or nation.
Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth Amendments abolished slavery. All persons born in the U. S.are citizens of the U.S.guaranteed the right to vote regardless of “race, color, or previous servitude. executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in all territories.
Union the state of being united. an alliance of people, parties, or political entities for mutual interest or benefit. U.S.A. regarded as a national unit, especially during the Civil War.
Tariff a tax on trade.
Tenant farming One who resides on land owned by a landlord,landowners contribute their land, while tenant farmers contribute their labor
Sharecropping a tenant farmer who receives a share of the value of the crop minus charges for the rent and other expenses.
Created by: Jammer7