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Sublingual pertaining to below the tongue
Mastication process of chewing
Deglutition process of swalling food
Appendiceal pertaining to the appendix
Appendix long, thin pouch on the exterior wall of the cecum
Defecation process by which undigested materials and water are removed from the body as a bowel movement.
Duodenum first part of the small intestine. it secretes the hormone cholecystokinin. digestion takes place there, as well as some absorption of nutriets and water.
Epiglottis a lidlike structure. it seals off the entrance to the larynx so that swallowed food moves across the epiglottis and into the esophagus, not into the trachea
Esophogus flexible, muscular tube that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach.
Flatus gas produced by bacteria that inhabit the large intestine
Jejunum second part of the small intestine. digestion takes place there, as well as some absorption of nutrients and water through the wall of the ileum into the blood.
Lactase milk enzyme
Mucosa mucous membrane that lindes the gastrointestinal system and produces mucus
Palate the hard bone and posterior soft tissues that form the roof of the mouth
Pancreas triangular organ located posterior to the stomach. it secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum.
Peristalsis coordinated contractions
Peritoneum a double-layer serous membrane
Pharynx a passageway for food as well as for inhaled and exhaled air.
Rectum final part of the large intestine. it is a short, straight segment that lies between the sigmoid colon and the anus.
Saliva a lubricant that moistens food as it is chewed and swallowed
Salivary Gland three pairs of glands that secrete saliva into the mouth. saliva is a watery substance that contains the digestive enzyme and amylase
Stomach organ of digestion between the esophagus and the small intestine. the stomach secretes hydrochloric acid, pepsinogen, gastrin and intrinsic factor.
Tongue large muscle that fills the oral cavity and assists with eating and talking. it contains receptors for the sense of taste
Digestion process of mechanically and chemically breaking down food into nutrients that can be used by the body
Anorexia decreased appetite because of disease or the gastrointestinal side effects of a drug
Dysphagia difficult or painfull eating or swallowing
Polyphagia excessive overeating due to an overactive thryoid gland, diabetes, mellitus, or a psyciatric illness.
Stomatitis inflammation of the oral mucosa.
Gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and/or intestines
Gastroesophageal pertaining to the stomach and/or esophagus
Hematemesis the process of vomiting blood
Nausea caused by inflammation or infection of the stomach or by motion sickness.
Emesis expelling of food from the stomach throught the mouth
Adenocarcinoma cancerous tumor of the stomach that usually begins in glands in the gastric mucosa
Peptic Ulcer chronic irritation, burning pain, and erosion of the mucosa to form an ulcer
Malrotation the action of rotating in the wrong direction
Appendicitis inflammation/infection of the appendix
Diverticulosis condition of multiple diverticula
Hemorrhoid swollen, protruding veins in the rectum or on the skin around the anus
Obstipation the process of having severe constipation
Sialolithiasis ****COULDN'T FIND IT IN THE BOOK****
Flatulance the state of having gas
Hematochezia blood in the feces
Incontinence inability to voluntarily control bowel movements
Omphalocele umbilical hernia that is pesent at birth and is only vocered with peritoneum, without any fat or abdominal skin
Ascites accumulation of ascitic fluid in the abdominopelvic cavity
Peritonitis inflammation/infection of the peritoneum
Cirrhoisis yellowing condition
Hepatitis inflammation/infection of the liver
Hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
Hepatosplenomegaly enlargement of the liver and/or spleen
Chloelithiasis the state of gallstones in the gallbladder
Pancreatitis inflammation/infection of the panreas
Ulcerative Colitis affects the colon and rectum and causes inflammation and ulcers
Diarrhea abnormally frequent, loose, and sometimes watery feces
Jaundice yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes
Postoperative pertaining to after a surgery is performed
Albumin test for albumin, the major protein molecule in the blood
Bilirubin test for conjugated, conjugated, and total bilirubin levels
Barium Enema procedure that uses liquid radiopaque contrast inserted into the rectum and colon
Culture and Sensitivity test that uses a culture to determine which bacterium is causing an intestinal infection and a sensitivity test to determine which antibiotic drugs it is sensitive to
Appendectomy procedure to remove the appendix because of appendicitis
Biopsy procedure to remove a small piece of tissue from an ulcer, polyp, mass, or tumor
Cholecystectomy procedure to remove the gallbladder
Colostomy procedure to remove the disease part of the colon and create a new opening in the abdominal wall where feces can leave the body
Colonoscopy visualization and examination of the entire colon
Laparotomy process of cutting or making an incision in the abdomen
Gastrostomy process of cutting or making an incision in the stomach
Gastroplasty procedure to treat sever obesity
Endoscopy a flexible, fiber optic scope with a magnifying lens and a light source
Heniorrhaphy procedure that uses sutures to close a defect in the muscle wall where there is a hernia
Abdominocentesis procedure to puncture the abdomen
Antacid treats heartburn by neutralizing acid in the stomach
Antibiotic treats gastrointestinal infections caused by bacteria
Antidiarrheal treats diarrhea
Antiemetic treats nausea and vomiting and motion sickness
H2 Blocker treats peptic ulcers by blocking H2 receptors in the stomach that trigger the release of hydrochloric acid
Proton Pump Inhibitor treats heartburn, peptic ulcers, and gastrointestinal reflux disease by blocking the final step in the production of hydrochloric acid
ABD abdomen
a.c. before meals
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BS breath sounds
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
GERD gastro esophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HAV Hepatitis A virus
HBV Hepatitis B virus
HCV Hepatitis C virus
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
LFTS liver function tests
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
N & V nausea and vomiting
NG nasogastric
NPO nothing by mouth
p.c. after meals
PO by mouth
PUD peptic ulcer disease
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
UGI upper gastrointestinal
Created by: Beckster_Bug