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Europe 11-12 vocab

Test Questions

TermDefinition
glaciation the process whereby glaciers form and spread.
loess fine, yellowish-brown topsoil mad up of particles of slit and clay, usually carried by the wind.
timberline elevation above which it is too cold for trees to grow.
avalanche mass of ice, snow, or rock that slides down the mountainside.
chaparral type of vegetation made up of dense forests and shrubs and short trees common in Mediterranean climates.
permafrost permanently frozen layer of soil beneath the surface of the ground.
ethnic group group of people who share common ancestry language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics.
ethnic cleansing the expelling form a country or killing of rival ethnic groups.
refugee one who flees he or her home for safety.
urbanization the movement of people from rural areas to cities.
City-state in ancient Greece, independent community consisting of a city and the surrounding lands.
Feudalism in medieval Europe and Japan, system of government in which powerful lords gave land to nobles in return for pledges of loyalty.
Crusades Series of religious wars (A.D 1100-1300) in which Europeans Christians tried to retake Palestine from Muslim rule.
Renaissance In Europe, a 300-year period of renewed interest in classical learning and the arts, starting in the 1300's.
Reformation religious movement that began in Germany in the 1400's leading to the establishment of Protestant churches.
Enlightenment a movement during the 1700's emphasizing the importance of reason and questioning traditions and values.
industrial capitalism an economic system in which business leaders use profits to expand their companies.
communism society based on equality in which workers would control industrial production.
cold war power struggle between the soviet union and the united states after world war II.
Reparations a payment for damages
Holocaust the mass killing of 6 million Jews in Germany's Nazi leaders during World War II.
European Union an organization whose goal is to unite Europe so that goods, services, and workers can move freely among member countries.
Created by: breealy08