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Medical terminology

chapter 4

Cartilage Non vascular, firm connective tissue found mostly in joints
Chiropractic Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system
chiropractor practitioner of chiropractic
detoxification(same as Detoxication) removing poison from a tissue or substance
Ligament Band of fibrous tissue connecting two structures
musscle a tissue consisting of cells that can contract
musculoskeletal Pertaining to the muscles and the bony skeleton.
orthopedic Pertaining to the correction and cure of deformities and diseases of the musculosketal system; originally most of the deformities treated were in children
orthopedist Specialist in orthopedics
osteopath Practitioner of osteopathy
Osteopathy Medical practice based on maintaining the balance of the body.
Cortex outer portion of an organ such as a bone.
cortical(adj) Pertaining to a cortex
diaphysis the shaft of the long bone
epiphysis Expanded area at the proximal and distal ends of a long bone to provide increased surface area for attachment of ligaments and tendons.
Epiphysial pertaining to epiphysis
Haverian canals vascular canals in bone
Marrow Fatty, blood forming tissue in the cavities of the long bones
Medulla Central portion of a structure surrounded by cortex.
Medullary(adj) pertaining to the medulla
perosteum Strong membrane surrounding a bone
Periosteal(adj) pertaining to periosteum
achondroplasia Condition with abnormal early conversion of cartilage into bone leading to dwarfism
osteogensis imperfecta Inherited condition when bone formation is incomplete leading to fragile easily broken bones.
osteomalacia soft flexible bones lacking in calicum(rickets)
ostepmyelitis inflammation of bone tissue
osteopenia decreased calcification of bone
osteoporosis Condition in which he bones become more porous,brittle and fragile and more likely to fracture.
rickets disease caused by vitamin D deficiency producing soft and flexible bones
Sarcoma Malignant tumor originating in connective tissue
osteogenic sarcoma Malignant tumor originating in bone producing cells
alignment Having structure inits correct position relative to others
comminuted a fracture in which the bone is broken down into pieces
malunion When the two bony ends fail to heal together correctly.
nonunion total failure of healing fracture.
osteoblast bone-forming cell
osteocyte bone maintaining cell
Pathologic fracture Fracture occurring at a site already weakened by a disease process, such as cancer.
reduction restore a structure to its normal postion
traction Pulling or dragging force
closed fracture(simple fracture) a bone is broken but skin is not
open fracture(compound fracture) a fragment of the fractured bone breaks the skin or a wound extends to the site of the fracture.
displaced fracture the fractured bone parts are out of line
complete fracture a bone is broken into at least two fragments
incomplete fracture the fracture does not extend completely across the bone. it can be hairline, as in stress fracture in the foot, when there is no seperation of the two fragments
transverse the fracture is at right angles to the long axis of the bone
impacted the fracture consists of one bone fragment driven into another, resulting in shortening of a limb
spiral the fracture spirals around the long axis of the bone
oblique The fracture runs across the long axis of the bone.
linear the fracture runs parallel to the long axis of the bone
green stick fracture this is partial fracture. One side breaks and the other bends.
compression the fracture occurs in a vertebra from trauma or pathology leading to the vertebra being crushed
stress this is a fatigue fracture caused by repetitive, local stress on a bone, as occurs in marching or running.
cervical Pertaining to the neck region
coccyx small tailbone at the lowest end of the vertebral column
kyphosis a normal posterior curve of the spine that can be exaggerated in disease
kyphotic Pertaining to kyphosis
lumbar the region of the back and sides between the ribs and pelvis.
sacrum segment of the vertebral column that forms part of the pelvis
sacral(adj) pertaining to or in the neighborhood of the sacrum
scoliosis an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column
scoliotic pertaining to or suffering from scoliosis
spine vertebral column or a short projection from a bone
spinal pertaining to the spine
vertebra vertebrae(pl) vertebral(adj) one of the bones of the spinal column
whiplash syptoms caused by sudden uncontrolled extension and flexion of the neck often in an automobile accident.
Created by: lorie31