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Ch. 18-20 Vocabulary

Domestication The process of training and breeding animals for use by humans
communism a system of government in which the government controls the means of production determining what goods will be made, how much workers will be paid and how much items will cost
Eurasia The name some geographers suggest should be used for the landmass of Europe and asia
Inland sea a land that is almost completely surrounded by land
tundra a region where temperatures are always cool and only specialized plants grow
taiga Thinly scattered coniferous forests found in Europe and Asia
steppe a temperature grassland found in Europe an Asia
Multiethnic composed of many ethnic groups
ethnic group people who share such things as culture, language, and religion
acid rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering
infant mortality the number of children per 1,000 live births who die within the first year.
maternal mortality the number of women who died due to pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100,000 live births.
life expectancy The number of years an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics
National identity a peoples sense of what makes them a nation
ghetto a section of a city in which a particular minority group is forced to live
Holocaust the extension of 6 million Jews In Nazi concentration camps during World War 11
velvet revolution a revolution without bloodshed, which took place in Czechoslovakia
Privatization the process of selling government
collective farm a government owned farm managed by workers who share the profits from their produce
balkanize to break up into small, mutually hostile political units, as occured in the Balkans after World War 1
entrepreneur a go-getter individual who starts and builds a business
multiplier effect the effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy.
annex to formally incorporate into a country or state the territory
diversify To Increase the variety of.
chernozem A rich top soil found in the Russian steppes and other mid latitude grasslands
permafrost a layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permanently frozen
czar an emperor of Russia
abdicate to surrender ones office, throne, or Authority
soviet In the former soviet union any one of various governing counsels.
command economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government
glasnost a policy of openness introduced in the soviet union in the late 1980's
perestroika in the former soviet union, a policy of economic restructuring
ruble the currency o russia
black market the system of selling goods and services outside of official channels.
Created by: Adriansotelo