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What document declared loyalty to the king and asked him to repeal the Intolerable Acts? Olive Branch Petition
How did the king respond to the Olive Branch Petition? Sent troops to stop the revolt
What group conducted a surprise attack at Fort Ticonderoga defeating the British and stealing their supplies? Green Mountain Boys
What was the name of George Washington’s army? Continental Army
What group wanted to remain loyal to Britain and continue to be a British colony? Loyalists
What group wanted freedom from Britain? Patriots
What was the name of the very first official battle of the war? Battle of Bunker Hill
What is the act of shutting a port off called? Blockade
The king hired these from Germany to help fight the colonists: Mercenaries
Who wrote a pamphlet urging colonists to break from Britain? Thomas Paine
What was the name of the pamphlet that urged the colonists to break away from Britain called? Common Sense
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
A person who betrays his or her country is a called a what? Traitor
When was the Declaration of Independence signed? July 4, 1776
What document was written and signed to officially break away from Britain? Declaration of Independence
The introduction to the Declaration of Independence: Preamble
Rights that belong to all people from birth: Natural Rights
What were the three main parts of the Declaration of Independence after the preamble? Natural rights, British wrongdoings, and independence
In this battle 1,400 Americans were killed by General Howe’s troops and Washington was forced to retreat north: Battle of Long Island
This battle was one of the first American victories, giving colonists hope: Battle of Saratoga
This was a makeshift fort where Washington’s troops had to endure a long, cold winter: Valley Forge
Women’s two roles in the war effort: at home and on the war front
What did women hope to gain from helping in the war? Equality
What did African Americans hope to gain by helping in the war? End to slavery
Allies of the British: Native Americans
Allies of the colonists: France and Spain
What did the colonists create to fight the British at sea? A navy
The final battle of the war: Battle of Yorktown
When an army surrounds and blockades an enemy position in attempt to capture it: Siege
The document that officially ended the war. In it Britain had to recognize the colonies at the free and independent United Stated: Treaty of Paris
This feeling of pride grew as the colonists won battles: Patriotism
Created by: 2014Ashley22