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Anatomy

Directional and Regional terms

QuestionAnswer
superior(cranial)* Above;Toward the head end of upper part of the body. Ex. Head is superior to the abdomen
Inferior(caudal)* Below;Away from the head end.Ex. The navel is inferior to the chin.
Ventral(anterior)* In front of;Toward or at the front of the body.Ex. The breastbone is anterior to the spine.
Dorsal(posterior)* Behind; Toward or at the back of the body.Ex. The heart is posterior to the breastbone.
Medial on the inner side of;Midline of the body.Ex. The heart is medial to the arm.
Lateral on the outer side of;Away from the midline of the body.Ex. The arms are lateral to the chest.
Intermediate between something; between a more medial and a more lateral structure.Ex. The collarbone is intermediate between the breastbone and shoulder.
Proximal Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.Ex. The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
Distal Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachement of a limb to the body trunk.Ex. The knee is distal to the thigh.
Superficial(external) Toward or at teh body surface.Ex. The skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles.
Deep(internal) Away from the body surface; more internalEx. The lungs are deep to the skin.
Nasal Nose
Oral mouth
Cervical neck
Acromial point of shoulder
axillary armpit
abdominal abdomen
brachial arm
antecubital front of elbow
Antebrachial forearm
Pelvic Pelvis
Carpal wrist
Pollex thumb
Palmar palm
Digital fingers or toes
Pubic genital region
Patellar anterior knee
Crural leg
Pedal foot
Tarsal ankle
Frontal forehead
Orbital eye
buccal cheek
mental chin
sternal breastbone
thoracic chest
mammary breast
umbilical navel
coxal hip
inguinal groin
femoral thigh
fibular(peroneal) side of leg
hallux great toe
Cephalic head
upper extremity upper body
manus hand
lower extremity lower body
otic ear
occipital back of head
Vertebral spinal column
Scapular shoulder blade
Dorsum(dorsal) back
Olecranal back of elbow
lumbar loin
sacral between hips
Gluteal buttock
Perineal region between anus and external genitalia.
Popliteal back of knee
Sural calf
calcaneal heel
Plantar sole
Created by: edwardm7 on 2008-08-31



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