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Musculoskeletal Syst

Osseous Bony, Pertaining to the bone
Osteoblast A cell of associated with the production of bone.
Osteoclast A large cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone.
Osteocyte A mature osteoblast.
Collagen A fibrous insoluble protein found in the white fibers of connective tissue.
Periosteum The specialized connective tissue covering all the bones of the body.
Endosteum The connective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of bone.
Medullary Pertaining to bone marrow or the inner portion of an organ.
Diaphysis The portion of a long bone between its ends.
Epiphysis The end of a long bone that is usually wider than the shaft.
Ossification The formation of bone; the normal process of hardening of bone by calcification.
Calcification Deposit of calcium salts within bony tissues.
Axis A straight line passing through the center about which a body or part may rotate.q
Axial Pertaining to or forming an axis.
Appendicular Pertaining to an appendage such as a limb or extremity.
Skeleton the bony framework of the body
skeletal Pertaining to the skeleton
Cranium The skull
Frontal Pertaining to the forehead or forehead bone
Parietal Pertaining to the two bones that form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium
Temporal Pertaining to the temple or central sides of the cranium
Occipital Pertaining to the back and most of the lower base of the skull.
Sphenoid Wedge-shaped; pertaining to the bat-shaped bone that extends behind the eyes.
Ethmoid Sieve-like, pertaining to the delicate bone that forms much of the internal nasal structure and part of each orbit.
Suture One of the jagged seams that unite the adjoining bones of the skull.
Fontanel A space located at the junction of the sutures in the skull of the infant.
Sinus One of the eight air-filled cavities in the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity.
Orbital Pertaining to the orbit or eye socket
Zygoma The cheekbone
Maxilla One of the pair of bones forming the upper jaw
Maxillary Pertaining to the upper jaw bone
Mandible The lower jaw bone
Mandibular Pertaining to the lower jaw bone
Nasal Pertaining to the nose or one of the two bones that form the bridge of the nose
Vertebra A backbone
Intervertebral Situated between two adjacent vertebrae
Cervical Pertaining to the neck
Thoracic Pertaining to the chest
Lumbar Pertaining to the loin or small of the back
Sacrum The large triangular bone near the lower end of the spinal column.
coccyx The tail bone or small bone at the end of the spinal column.
Coccygeal Pertaining to the coccyx or tail bone.
Costa A rib
Intercostal Between the ribs
Sternum The breastbone
Manubrium The upper portion of the sternum.
Xiphoid process The lower end of the sternum
Pelvis The large basin or cup-shaped ring of bone at the base of the spinal column.
Pelvic Pertaining to the pelvis or pelvic bone.
Ilium The supeeriormost bone of each pelvic bone.
Ischium The inferoposterior bone of each of the pelvic or hip bones.
Pubis The inferoanterior bone of each of the hip bones.
Symphysis The carilaginous joint formed by the union of the 2 pubic bones at the midline.
Radius The shorter and thicker of the two forearm bones.
Ulna The forearm bone on the side of the little finger than extends from the wrist to the elbow.
Carpus The eight bones of the wrist.
Metacarpus The five bones of the hand (between wrist and fingers)
Phalanx Any bone of a finger or toe
Acetabulum The hip socket
Os innominatum The innominate bone.
Os Coxae The hip bone or pelvic bone.
Femur The thigh bone, the longest, strongest bone in the human body
Patella The knee cap
Tibia The shin bone
Fibula The smaller lateral bone of the lower leg
Tarsus The 7 bones of the ankle.
Calcaneus The heel bone
Matatarsus The part of the foot between the tarsus and legs
Phalangeal Pertaining to the a phalanx or the phalanges
Condyle A rounded knobby projection at the end of a bone.
Malleolus The rounded bony prominence or projection on either side of the ankle joint.
Fossa A furrow or depression in a bone or other structure.
Olecranon The large process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow.
Foramen A natural opening, especially in a bone, that may pass through the bone.
Meatus A tube-shaped passage
Mastoid Formed like a breast or nipple. Pertaining to the mastoid process of the temporal bone.
Process A noticeable projection of bone.
Articulation A joint; the junction of two or more bones.
Ligament A band of strong fibrous connective tissue.
Tendon A strong cord of fibrous connective tissue serving to attach muscles to bones
Bursa A small closed sac containing synovial fluid.
Meniscus A cresecent-shaped fibrocartilage in the knee joint.
Retinaculum Tight transverse fibrous bands or ligaments that serve to bind down the tendons close to the bones as they pass over a joint.
Created by: JonathanOlivarez